Hot Dry Weather Improves Spring Wheat Harvest Pace

September 3, 2013 10:39 AM
 

 

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending September 1, 2013, varying amounts of precipitation were received over much of the state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The moisture was needed and welcomed, however, more is necessary for the row crops to enhance their development. Along with the rain came some isolated hail that was received in the south central part of the state. Temperatures were hot last week with averages 6 to 8 degrees above normal. Statewide, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies improved slightly with 16 percent rated very short, 35 short, 46 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 35 short, 51 adequate, and 3 surplus. Spring wheat ripe was 89 percent . Harvested was 53 percent, well behind last year’s 99 and 68 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 17 excellent.

Montana: The week ending September 1 remained mostly hot and dry for the state of Montana. Goldbutte received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 1.06 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving none to 0.81 of an inch of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the upp er 80s to upper 90s , with the state-wide high temperature of 98 degrees recorded at Miles City, Rudyard and Roundup. A majority of stations reported lows in the mid 30s to the lower 50s with the coldest being West Yellowstone at 32 degrees. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture levels remain above last year and the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture is 49 percent adequate and surplus compared with 9 percent last year and the 5 year average of 44 percent. Subsoil moisture was 57 percent adequate and surplus compared to 12 percent last year and the 5 year average of 45 percent. The weather outlook for September 10th through September 16th is for above normal temperatures and near normal precipitation both east and west of the Continental Divide. Normal temperatures for this period in Montana are highs in the upper 60s to the upper 70s with lows in the lower 30s to 50 degrees.

Minnesota: Warmer than normal weather continued to stress crops in Minnesota for the week ending September 1, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. A total of 6.6 days were suitable for field work. The statewide average temperature was 76.7 degrees, 11.8 degrees above normal. An average of 0.66 inch of rain fell statewide, 0.15 inch below normal. Rainfall amounts of 1.31 and 1.69 inches fell in the North Central and Northeast regions, respectively. Despite the rainfall, statewide topsoil and subsoil moisture levels fell to 66 and 61 percent very short to short, respectively. Spring wheat harvest caught up to the normal pace of 81 percent, yet remained behind last year's 100 percent.

South Dakota: For the week ending September 1, 2013, hot, dry weather persisted in most areas of South Dakota last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The exception was the north central part of the state which received some much needed rainfall. Major farm activities included harvesting small grains, scouting row crops for pests and caring for livestock. Statewide, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 42 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 42 short, 44 adequate , and 1 surplus. Spring wheat harvested was 96 percent, behind 100 last year but near 97 average.

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