HRW & SRW Crop Condition Declines Slightly

May 28, 2013 10:56 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat declined by 3 points from last week to stand about 79 points below year-ago. The CCI for the SRW wheat declined nearly 4 points to stand about 7 points above year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending May 26 , 2013, clear skies combined with warmer temperatures allowed producers to make good progress planting corn, soybeans and cotton according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. Rain moved across portions of the State over the weekend, leaving an inch or more of precipitation across many areas of the north and east. This was accompanied by hail and damaging winds in some areas. Moisture accumulations across the drought stricken , western half of the State were limited in most cases. Lack of moisture and above normal temperatures caused range and pasture condition s to decline in the western third of the state. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 8 percent very short, 2 4 short, 54 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 28 percent very short, 29 short, 41 adequate and 2 surplus. Producers averaged 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop was 98 percent jointed, near 100 a year ago and 99 average . The crop was 74 percent headed , well behind 100 a year ago and 91 average. The condition rated 24 percent very poor, 21 poor, 27 fair, 24 good, and 4 excellent.

Texas: Many areas across the state experienced significant rainfall along with warmer temperatures. Portions of the Cross Timbers, Central Texas, and South Texas received from two to five inches of precipitation, with many other areas throughout the state receiving at least one inch. Warm temperatures and strong winds persisted throughout much of the state, creating dry conditions for those areas that did not receive much moisture last week. Small grain harvest was underway in the Trans - Pecos, South Central Texas, and the Upper Coast. Producers in the Blacklands and North East Texas commented that wheat was in good condition after recent rains. Some producers in the Plains continued to cut wheat fields for hay due to previous damage

Oklahoma: The National Weather Service confirmed a tornado of the highest intensity formed west of Newcastle on Monday afternoon and traveled through Moore, taking 24 lives. In Newcastle and southwestern Oklahoma City, livestock deaths and property damage was severe, while entire neighborhoods in Moore were destroyed. The storm system continued to produce smaller tornadoes, damaging barns and other property in eastern Oklahoma. That system and subsequent storms throughout the week brought heavy rains and even flooding to south central and southeastern Oklahoma. Rainfall averaged almost four inches in the South Central District, with just over six inches recorded in Centrahoma. The western half of the state received very little moisture this past week, and continues to suffer from the other natural disaster in our state, the prolonged drought. According to the May 21st Drought Monitor, 11.6 percent of the state is in an exceptional or D - 4 drought, a small increase from the previous week. Overall the percentage of the state in any stage of drought has declined to 74.79 percent, due to multiple rains in central and eastern Oklahoma. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated adequate for half of the state. Subsoil moisture conditions varied widely but 64 percent was rated short to very short. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Conditions of wheat and rye were rated mostly fair to poor and oats were rated mostly good to fair, as small grain harvest approaches. Wheat heading was 93 percent complete by the end of the week. Wheat in the soft dough stage of development was 49 percent complete, 33 points behind the five - year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending May 26, 2013, rain at the beginning of the week gave way to clear conditions with producers taking every opportunity to focus on spring planting activities, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation again on Saturday in central counties slowed final wrap-up. Temperatures were below normal across eastern and northern counties, but above normal in southwestern areas. Wheat was just beginning to head, over two weeks behind average. Moisture accumulations through Sunday totaled an inch or more across much of the state with lesser amounts across the Panhandle and southern border counties. Statewide, producers had 4.8 days suitable available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 19 short, 65 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 29 percent very short, 41 short, 29 adequate, and 1 surplus. Pastures remain in poor or very poor condition across much of the western half of the state. Wheat conditions rated 22 percent very poor, 28 poor, 39 fair, 11 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 79 percent, behind last year's 100 and 92 average. Wheat headed was 7 percent, well behind 93 last year and over two weeks behind 38 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: The rains fell again across the state last week bringing planting progress to a halt. Farmers in most areas of the state were working long hours trying to make up for a slow start to planting when the rains began to fall on Monday. Some were able to work later in the week but most were sidelined entirely and then even more rain fell late in the week and throughout the Memorial Holiday weekend. Total rainfall for the week ranged from just over one inch to almost two and a half inches. Localized severe weather caused damage to buildings and trees in various locations dumping several inches and causing flooding. Crop emergence was excellent during the week as corn plants were emerging after only five or six days of being planted. Cooler temperatures returned late in the week with light frost being reported in far Northern Illinois. Temperatures across the state averaged 62.6 degrees for the week, 2.7 degrees below normal. There were 3.3 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 53 percent adequate and 47 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated as 2 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 27 percent surplus. Farmers were trying to keep up with weed spraying last week but were finding it difficult due to the weather conditions. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 59 percent good and 13 percent excellent. Alfalfa conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 19 percent excellent. Red Clover conditions were rated as 7 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 69 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 31 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 19 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Farmers continue to make significant planting progress due to the warm weather and low precipitation, with a number of areas reporting near completion f or planting of oats, corn and soybeans . The lack of rain, however, has had a slightly negative effect on soil moisture. A freeze over the weekend caused some concern, with at least one report of damage to fruit crops.

Michigan: Four days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending May 26 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Cold, wet weather kept producers out of fields toward the end of the week. Most areas of the State saw some frost, though it appears to have caused little to no damage to newly emerging crops. There was some concern with drown out in low spots of fields. Corn and soybeans were planted before rains hit. Corn and soybean plantings, once much behind normal, are now ahead of the 5 year average. Wheat was in feekes 10.0 in southern Michigan. Wheat growers had applied or were getting ready to apply fungicides where appropriate. Wheat remains in good condition though shorter stalk length was noted in some areas.




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