HRW & SRW Wheat Conditions Decline

June 3, 2013 10:33 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat declined nearly 4 points from last week to stand 81 points below year-ago. The CCI for the SRW wheat declined 4.5 points from last week, but is still around 3.7 points above year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending June 2, 2013, areas of central and eastern Kansas received heavy rain while much of the western third of the State remained relatively dry, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. The rain was heaviest in the Northeast and Southeast districts where it was accompanied by high winds and some tornados. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 19 short, 50 adequate, and 14 surplus, with conditions ranging from mostly short to very short in the western districts while the eastern districts adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 27 percent very short, 26 short, 40 adequate, and 7 surplus. Producers averaged 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop was 93 percent headed, behind 100 a year ago and 98 average. Condition rated as 24 percent very poor, 21 poor, 27 fair, 24 good, and 4 excellent.

Texas: East and South Texas and the Trans-Pecos experienced scattered showers last week, with some areas recording three inches of rain or more. However, most other areas of the state received very little or no precipitation. Hot, windy conditions prevailed across much of North Texas and the Plains. Winter wheat harvest was underway in areas of North Texas. Wet conditions in the Blacklands delayed some wheat harvest. However many producers lost much of their crop to previous weather damage and continued to bale or graze those fields.

Oklahoma: Multiple storm systems throughout the week brought heavy rains and flooding to central and eastern Oklahoma. Severe weather on Friday night resulted in multiple tornados and flash flooding that claimed the lives of 16 Oklahomans, according to preliminary reports. Upwards of ten inches of rain were reported in some areas of the Oklahoma City metro. Mesonet recorded 8.22 inches or rain at the Oklahoma City East station over the past week. The Central district averaged more than four inches of rain for the week, with heavy bands of rain in northeastern and east central Oklahoma as well. Stock ponds and creeks were filling up in eastern Oklahoma, but conditions were too wet to cut hay. Western Oklahoma once again missed any widespread rainfall and continues to be in a severe to exceptional drought. The period since March 1st in the Panhandle was the driest such period on record, with barely a fourth of normal precipitation on average. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated surplus in 11 percent of the state, but were rated mostly adequate to short. Subsoil moisture conditions improved slightly but 60 percent was rated short to very short. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. The ongoing drought has delayed any significant harvest of small grains. Wheat heading was 94 percent complete by the end of the week. Wheat in the soft dough stage of development was 60 percent complete, 33 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 2, 2013, rain fell throughout the state and averaged 2-3 inches of moisture across the eastern third and 1-2 inches in western areas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Moisture accumulations of 5 inches or more were recorded in portions of the southeast. As a result, drought conditions have eased in eastern areas, while much of the western half of Nebraska continues in extreme drought. Pastures remain in poor or very poor condition across much of the western half of Nebraska. Less than half the week was considered suitable for fieldwork, but corn planting activities are near completion and soybeans are over 80 percent planted. High winds dried soils, allowing producers brief periods for spring fieldwork. Wheat was heading but still a week and one half behind average. Statewide, producers had 3.2 days suitable available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 17 short, 71 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24 percent very short, 36 short, 39 adequate, and 1 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 24 percent very poor, 29 poor, 33 fair, 13 good, and 1 excellent. Wheat jointed was 92 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 96 average. Wheat headed was 27 percent, well behind 99 last year and over two weeks behind 62 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Heavy rains fell across most of the state last week, hindering planting progress and affecting crop conditions. Statewide, total precipitation averaged 3.70 inches with some regions receiving close to 4.5 inches. With excessive rains causing flooding across the state, many fields are likely to require replanting. Localized severe weather caused damage to buildings and trees in various locations while dumping several inches of rain. Temperatures across the state averaged 69.0 degrees for the week, 1.7 degrees above normal. There were only 1.20 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 41 percent adequate and 59 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated as 1 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 39 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending June 2, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. With warm temperatures and only scattered rainfall, farmers were able to spend most of the week working in their fields. In addition to nearing completion planting row crops, producers cut and baled hay. While soil moisture remains in good condition, there were reports that crops still need more rainfall. There were also several reports of a frost in eastern parts of the state that damaged corn, soybeans and vegetables.

Michigan: Three days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending June 2 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Very wet weather kept farmers out of fields most of the week. Ponding was common in low areas of fields and there was some drown out in those areas as well. Wheat growers that had not yet applied fungicides prepared to do so.




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