HRW CCI Ratings Ticks Up the First Time This Growing Season

May 13, 2013 11:07 AM
 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat rose marginally from last week, marking the first time the crop's condition rating has risen since the growing season began last fall. The CCI for the SRW wheat also improved around 1 point to nearly 373, around 1 point shy of year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

5/12/13

5/05/13

5/13/12

Kansas *(36.35%)

97.79
98.52
126.58

Oklahoma (12.35%)

31.49

31.99

38.59

Texas (9.74%)

18.50

18.31

24.88

Colorado (9.19%)

22.70

21.23

35.97

Nebraska (6.52%)

16.29

16.10

28.51

HRW total

251.90

251.03

345.87

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending May 12, 2013, many areas of the west central and central Kansas received precipitation along with cool temperatures, according to USDA's NASS, Kansas Field Office. Statewide, the weekly average temperature continued to be below normal. Producers took advantage of dry conditions at the beginning of last week to plant corn and prepare fields for planting of other row crops. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14% very short, 18% short, 57% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26% very short, 29% short, 42% adequate, and 3% surplus. Producers averaged 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week.

The winter wheat crop was 80% jointed, behind 100% a year ago and 96% average. The crop was 9% headed, well behind 97% a year ago and 3 weeks behind 52% average. The condition rated 21% very poor, 20% poor, 31% fair, 25% good, and 3% excellent. After review of the crop following unusual weather in April, just under half of the crop had no freeze damage.

Texas: Most areas of the state received much needed rainfall last week. Areas of the Blacklands, South Central, and East Texas received from one to five inches. Additionally some areas experienced heavy thunderstorms with hail, high winds, and localized flooding. Other areas received up to an inch. Temperatures began to warm up across the state.

Some reports were received of wheat harvest beginning in the southern part of the state. The wheat crop progressed in the Blacklands and East Texas and was mostly headed. In the Plains and the Cross Timbers, many small grain fields were being cut and baled for hay.

Oklahoma: Heading of wheat and rye was significantly behind normal, and conditions continued to be rated mostly fair to poor. Some wheat was reported being cut for hay. Planting of all row crops was underway, but was behind the five-year average for each crop. Rainfall for the state averaged six tenths of an inch, but varied considerably. The highest totals were recorded in northern and northeastern Oklahoma, with 3.06 inches falling in Westville. Temperatures averaged in the low to mid 60's across the state, allowing for growth of spring forages. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions varied widely but 65% was rated short to very short. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Conditions of wheat and rye were rated mostly fair to poor and oats were rated mostly good to fair. Wheat jointing was virtually complete by Sunday. Wheat heading was 65% complete by the end of the week, 29 points behind normal. Wheat in the soft dough stage of development was 16% complete, 26 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: Average temperatures were again below normal, with lows dipping below freezing in some areas. Soil temperatures as of Sunday were 55 degrees or higher throughout the state. Pastures continue to show limited growth with much of the grazing land in the western half of the state in poor or very poor condition. Fieldwork was limited with only 4.7 days considered suitable. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 25% short, 59% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 40% very short, 42% short, 18% adequate and 0% surplus. Wheat conditions rated 14% very poor, 34% poor, 40% fair, 12% good and 0% excellent. Wheat jointed was 34% , well behind last year’s 94% and two weeks behind 67% average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

5/12/13

5/05/13

5/13/12

Missouri *(7.71%)

28.21

28.29

26.87

Illinois (9.31%)

35.67

34.55

39.81

Ohio (11.31%)

43.32

43.55

52.90

Arkansas (5.65%)

19.90

20.35

17.90

Indiana (5.27%)

20.59

20.43

24.09

North Carolina (8.82%)

33.59

33.42

30.76

Michigan (11.46%)

40.68

41.02

42.89

SRW total

372.88

372.28

374.22

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Rains fell again late in the week stalling any drying that had occurred. The heaviest rainfall totals fell over the south central portions of the state where over an inch was received. In other areas of the state totals were generally less than an inch. Temperatures averaged 59.9 degrees, 1.0 degree below normal. There were a reported 1.7 days suitable for field work last week with the Northeast area having the highest reported number of days at 3.7. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 47% adequate, and 53% surplus. The driest soils were in Northern and Eastern Illinois. Subsoil moisture was rated as 3% short, 62% adequate and 35% surplus. Concerns are growing regarding the wet soils and lateness for corn planting as well as diseases due to the wet weather in the wheat crop.

Winter wheat conditions were rated as 1% very poor, 3% poor, 23% fair, 58% good, and 15% excellent. Alfalfa conditions were rated as 1% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 66% good, 13% excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 12 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. The warmer temperatures and low precipitation made it a great week for fieldwork. Rain showers late in the week put a halt to field work in some areas, although many producers worked between showers to continue their momentum. Winter wheat continues to look good, although there are some reports of yellowing. A cold snap at the end of the week, with an early morning frost, may have caused some damage to tomatoes and early-planted corn.

Michigan: Five days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending May 12 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warm, dry weather early in the week allowed for considerable planting progress to be made in southern Michigan. Wheat and hay remain in very good condition. Wheat growers finished up applying herbicides and fertilizer.


 05 13 13palmer drought index

05 13 13Palmer Precip Needed

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