HRW Crop Condition Declines Slightly, SRW Little Changed

November 18, 2013 09:19 AM



Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop declined by 3 points to 365.93, which is well above year-ago of 287.84. The condition of the SRW crop declined marginally to 379.75, which is nearly equal to year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(38.58%)

141.96 141.57

Oklahoma (13.10%)

49.90 50.03


Texas (8.35%)

26.29 27.12


Colorado (7.77%)

27.57 28.58


Nebraska (6.26%)

23.68 23.18


S. Dakota (6.08%)

23.10 23.10


Montana (10.15%)

37.85 39.47


HRW total

365.93 368.94


* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending Nov. 17, 2013, dry conditions prevailed across most of Kansas, with the only precipitation reported in the Southeast and the extreme Northeast Districts, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. With seasonal temperatures, a few windy days, and a hard freeze, many farmers were able to get most of the remaining crops harvested last week. A few areas of slow-drying sorghum and double crop soybeans remain. Cattle producers have been preparing for winter, bringing cows in from pasture and weaning calves. Many cattlemen in western Kansas are taking advantage of the good stands of wheat and running their herds on wheat pasture. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 15% very short, 26 short, 57 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Winter wheat emerged was 96%, near 95 last year but ahead of 91 average. Wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 2 poor, 32 fair, 58 good, and 7 excellent.

Texas: Many areas from the Northern High Plains to South East Texas experienced freezing temperatures last week. High winds depleted soil moisture in the Panhandle. Most areas of the state received little to no precipitation during the week. Winter wheat and oat seeding continued throughout the state. Areas of the Blacklands and East Texas resumed seeding as fields dried out from previous moisture. Irrigation was active on wheat fields in the Plains, and dry land wheat was showing drought stress. Field preparations and seeding activities in East Texas and the Upper Coast were delayed by recent rains.

A hard freeze throughout the state came midweek, with temperatures dropping into the teens in many loca tions. However the week ended with much warmer temperatures, as high as 85 degrees at Altus on Saturday. Very little rain fell during the past week and most of the state was below normal precipitation for the period since October 1st. Small grains and canola continued to be rated in mostly good condition, however. Almost all of the small grains planted this fall have emerged, and operators were beginning to graze cattle on wheat pasture. Topsoil moisture conditions declined somewhat and were rated 61 percent adequate to surplus and 39 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 48 percent adequate and 52 percent short to very short. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Almost all fall planted small grains had emerged by the end of the week and were rated mostly in good condition. Ninety five percent of wheat had emerged by Sunday, six points ahead of the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending Nov. 17, 2013, dry conditions and above normal temperatures across much of the state allowed fall harvest to move toward completion, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Grain moisture levels are still high in remaining northeastern fields, slowing final wrap up. Producer attention is now turning to fall tillage and fertilizer applications. Cattle continue to utilize stalks and weaned calves were being moved to lots or market. Statewide, producers had 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 19 short, 75 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 31 short, 55 adequate, and 0 surplus. Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 25 fair, 63 good, and 9 excellent, well above year ago levels.


Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(8.97%)

31.65 31.21


Illinois (9.91%)

38.05 38.25



35.64 35.72


Arkansas (6.45%)

23.87 23.68


Indiana (5.34%)

20.61 20.35


North Carolina (9.48%)

34.40 35.91


Michigan (9.50%)

37.72 37.06


SRW total

379.75 380.14


* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Significant storm activity on Sunday brought high winds and tornados to several counties. While minimal damage was reported in the southwest, several farmers lost equipment, buildings, and homes in the eastern part of the state. Wind and rain pushed down standing corn and could make final harvest difficult. State wide precipitation averaged 0.39 inches, 0.27 inches below normal. Temperatures averaged 40.7 degrees, 0.6 degrees below normal. There were 5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 5 percent very short, 17 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 9 percent very short, 35 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Eighty-six percent of the winter wheat crop has emerged, the same as last year but above the 5-year average of 84 percent. The winter wheat crop was rated at 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 70 percent good , and 8 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending Nov. 17, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers largely finished up harvesting of the remaining double-cropped soybeans this week, and made significant progress harvesting corn before snow and moist soil slowed progress in many regions. The moisture content of harvested corn averaged 19%. Heavy winds from the storms that swept through the State Sunday night may have damaged remaining corn, but it is too early to know if there was significant damage anywhere. Producers also spent the week on fall tillage, but the moist ground hampered efforts.

Michigan: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending November 10, according to USDA NASS Great Lakes Region. Though soybean harvest is nearing completion, wet weather and soft ground continues to impede many. Grain moisture content has remained high as the optimal time for field dry down has passed. Producers who have completed harvest are working on fall tillage and making winter preparations for livestock and machinery.




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