HRW Wheat Condition Declines, SRW Improves

June 17, 2013 10:56 AM
 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop declined by 2 points from last week to 238.1 points. The SRW rating improved around 4 points from last week to 374.3 points.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

6/16/13

6/09/13

6/17/12

Kansas *(36.35%)

95.61
94.15
116.96

Oklahoma (12.35%)

29.77

30.01

37.90

Texas (9.74%)

17.92

18.31

26.28

Colorado (9.19%)

17.55

20.31

30.99

Nebraska (6.52%)

15.71

15.84

23.96

HRW total

238.10

240.89

320.82

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending June 16, 2013, temperatures were above normal across the State with the hottest temperatures in western Kansas, where averages were more than 8 degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics, Service Kansas Field Office. Statewide, average temperatures were in the 70’s to mid-80’s. Western Kansas did get some much-needed showers; however, amounts were spotty and most were less than an inch. Most western farmers were still waiting for the rain to come. Areas in the east and southeast received additional rain at the end of the week coupled with heavy winds. It was dry and warm through central Kansas up into the northeast. This allowed row crop fields to dry and wheat to turn color quickly. Reports of test cutting near the Oklahoma border were received with many farmers in southern Kansas expected to begin wheat harvest within the next 3 to 5 days. Producers took advantage of the average 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork to continue planting row crops and putting up hay, with reports of good hay yields and pasture conditions in eastern Kansas. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 23 short, 53 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 24 percent very short, 28 short, 42 adequate, and 6 surplus. The winter wheat crop was turning color on 74 percent of the acreage, behind 100 a year ago and 86 average. Eleven percent of the crop was ripe, compared to 97 last year and 44 average. Condition rated 24 percent very poor, 21 poor, 27 fair, 24 good, and 4 excellent.

 

Texas: Scattered showers and warmer temperatures prevailed across much of the state last week. South Texas and the Plains received the most precipitation, with parts of South Texas recording four inches or more. Many areas of Central and West Texas experienced hot, windy conditions with little or no precipitation. Winter wheat harvest was in full swing across most of the state. Harvest was temporarily halted in some locations due to rain and wet fields. Harvest and grazing of wheat had wrapped up in some areas and producers began plowing fields.

Oklahoma: Most of the week was sunny and dry, allowing for substantial progress in the harvest of small grains and canola. Wheat harvest was 30 percent complete by the end of the week, while canola harvest was 36 percent complete. Most row crops are behind normal progress in planting and emergence. Of the row crops that have emerged, conditions were rated mostly good, or good to fair. Rain over the weekend averaged around half an inch for the state. The western half of the state continued to struggle with drought conditions. Livestock operators in the worst drought areas were struggling to find grazing land. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 44 percent adequate and 55 percent short to very short. There were only 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Harvest of wheat, rye and oats made substantial progress, but was significantly behind normal. Wheat heading was virtually complete and 95 percent was in the soft dough stage of development by the end of the week. Wheat harvest was 30 percent complete by Sunday, 34 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 16, 2013, rainfall was limited until the weekend, allowing producers an opportunity to harvest hay crops, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation in most areas was light with less than a half inch recorded. As a result, some pivots have been started in central and western counties. Heavier amounts of rain fell in portions of extreme east central and northeastern counties. Temperatures averaged near normal across the east and north but were 4 to 6 degrees above normal across western drought counties. Winter wheat was beginning to turn color in southern counties with harvest expected to start around July 4. Statewide, producers had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 24 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 25 percent very short, 30 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 24 percent very poor, 28 poor, 32 fair, 15 good, and 1 excellent. Wheat headed was 88 percent, behind 100 last year and 94 average. Wheat turning color was 7 percent, well behind 91 last year and 34 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

6/16/13

6/09/13

6/17/12

Missouri *(7.71%)

27.98

28.14

27.46

Illinois (9.31%)

35.30

34.92

38.32

Ohio (11.31%)

43.21

43.55

51.24

Arkansas (5.65%)

20.35

20.07

18.36

Indiana (5.27%)

20.54

20.54

22.02

North Carolina (8.82%)

33.15

32.36

29.68

Michigan (11.46%)

42.28

40.68

40.94

SRW total

374.30

370.00

362.76

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Precipitation averaged 0.98 inches throughout the state, right in line with normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 72.8 degrees for the week, 1.0 degree above normal. There were 4.90 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 2 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 24 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 16 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were three days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 16, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. In most areas of the State, farmers were able to work in the field in the first couple days of the week before storms moved through the area. The first cutting of hay progressed, but was somewhat limited by wetness. The rains have kept soil moisture in good shape, but there has been some localized flooding reported. There was some crop loss due to the flooding as well as wind and hail over the weekend, though damage was limited. Generally, crops are in good-to-excellent condition.

Michigan: Five days were suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending June 16, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Wet weather prevailed at the beginning of the week in southern Michigan. Ample rains have caused ponding and drown out in low areas of fields. Talk of replanting those areas was quickly fading as the window to plant is closing. Warmer temperatures at the end of the week generally improved crop conditions. Wheat remained in excellent condition. A few fields were flattened due to storms Saturday night. Reports of damage were few.

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