HRW Wheat Condition Improves as Harvest Progresses, SRW Condition Slips Slightly

June 24, 2013 10:32 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop improved by about 2 points from last week and the SRW rating slipped 1 point from last week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending June 23, 2013, temperatures continued to be warmer than usual across Kansas, as most areas saw 2 to 6 degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics, Service Kansas Field Office. Isolated thunderstorms brought much-needed rain to some areas, while others, even in the same county, received little to no moisture. Steady winds and warmer temperatures to end the week helped wheat fields dry down. Farmers in southern Kansas are rapidly harvesting wheat, with harvest reports as far north as Hays and Beloit. Producers took advantage of the average 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork to combine wheat, finish planting sorghum, cut hay, and start planting double-crop soybeans. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 26 short, 55 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 24 percent very short, 28 short, 47 adequate, and 1 surplus. The winter wheat crop was turning color on 92 percent of the acreage, behind 100 a year ago and 97 average. Forty-seven percent of the crop was ripe, behind 100 last year and 69 average. The crop was 8 percent harvested, well behind last year’s 94 and 39 average. Condition rated 24 percent very poor, 21 poor, 27 fair, 24 good, and 4 excellent.

Texas: Precipitation fell across much of the state last week. North Texas, the Trans-Pecos, and the Plains received the most rainfall, with totals of three inches or more in some areas. Wind and hail were reported in many places. Areas of South Texas and the Lower Valley received little or no rainfall. Small grain harvest was in full swing across the state. Some Plains producers continued to graze cattle on wheat acres not harvested due to previous damage.

Oklahoma: The week began with rainfall, but the rest of the week was sunny and dry, allowing for substantial progress in small grain harvest and row crop planting and emergence. Small grain harvest was approximately halfway complete, and canola harvest was three-quarters complete by the end of the week. Precipitation for the week averaged 0.92 of an inch for the state; most of which fell on Monday. The June 18th U.S. Drought Monitor reported 42 percent of the state was in a moderate to exceptional drought, with the worst affected areas in southwestern Oklahoma and the Panhandle. Problems with grasshoppers were reported in various parts of the state. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 46 percent adequate and 53 percent short to very short. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Harvest of wheat, rye and oats made significant progress. Wheat harvest was 55 percent complete by Sunday, 26 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 23, 2013, rainfall across much of the State combined with above normal temperatures to boost the growth of young crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Rainfall amounts of two inches or more were recording in northern rangeland counties and portions of the eastern Panhandle. However, most totals were less than an inch. Damaging hail was reported in a number of counties, however most storms were localized. High winds made herbicide application a challenge. Hay harvest was active with high humidity and rain limiting good drying conditions. Temperatures were 3 to 5 degrees above normal across the east and south and near normal elsewhere. Most of the wheat in the southern third of the state was turning color with harvest expected to begin near July 4th. Statewide, producers had 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 27 short, 65 adequate, and 1 surplus, well above previous year. However, very short moisture conditions continue to exist in portions of South Central, Southwestern and Northwestern Nebraska. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies rated 20 percent very short, 34 short, 46 adequate, and 0 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 26 percent very poor, 25 poor, 31 fair, 17 good, and 1 excellent. Wheat headed was 98 percent, compared to 100 last year and 99 average. Wheat turning color was 40 percent, well behind 98 last year and 57 average. Wheat ripe was 1 percent, well behind 60 last year and 14 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Fieldwork was halted and crop development slowed as rain drenched the state again last week. Farmers stopped working when rain came and flooded out parts of their fields. Disease has been spotted in corn and wheat because of the excess rain. Precipitation averaged 1.02 inches throughout the state, slightly above normal. Temperatures across the state averaged 74.9 degrees for the week, 1.5 degree above normal. There were 4.60 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 3 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 30 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated as 2 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 30 percent. Activities included spraying nitrogen, applying fertilizer, cutting hay, and replanting beans and corn.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 23, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers made significant progress on fieldwork this week due to the combination of low precipitation and favorable temperatures throughout the State. Producers harvested a significant amount of first cutting hay, and some were even beginning their second cutting. Producers also sprayed for weeds and side dressed corn. Some were able to begin harvesting wheat, but most were preparing equipment with the expectation of harvesting wheat in the next couple weeks.

Michigan: Six days were suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending June 23, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. The majority of the State saw warm, dry weather this week with a few scattered showers occurring over the weekend in the Lower Peninsula. A severe weather system, with hail and wind, moved through the thumb last Monday, causing damage ranging from slight to very severe across the region. For many producers, the warm dry conditions made it an excellent week for hay cutting. Wheat is beginning to turn color in a few areas and remains in good condition.




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