HRW Wheat Condition Improves Slightly, SRW Stable

June 10, 2013 10:34 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat crop declined by around 1 point from last week to stand 81.77 points below year-ago. The SRW rating is unchanged from last week to 370.00, which is around 5 points above year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat




Kansas *(36.35%)


Oklahoma (12.35%)




Texas (9.74%)




Colorado (9.19%)




Nebraska (6.52%)




HRW total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending June 9, 2013, mild temperatures across Kansas with occasional rain showers in most areas, helped sprout recently planted crops, but slowed famers who still have soybeans and sorghum to plant. Many wet fields from the previous week are slow to dry out, causing further planting delays, especially in low-lying areas. Despite some scattered showers, most of western Kansas is still extremely dry. Average temperatures were in the 60’s across the State for the week. For central and eastern Kansas, temperatures were 4 to 6 degrees below normal with rain totals mostly between 0.5 and 1.5 inches. Reports of replenished farm ponds and excellent pastures in the eastern third of the State have cattlemen relieved and hay producers busy cutting brome hay. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 16 percent very short, 19 short, 53 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26 percent very short, 26 short, 43 adequate, and 5 surplus. Producers averaged 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop was turning color on 22 percent of the acreage, behind 99 a year ago and 67 average. A few fields were considered ripe but totaled less than 1 percent, compared to 85 last year and 27 average, Condition rated 26 percent very poor, 21 poor, 25 fair, 24 good, and 4 excellent.

Texas: Most areas of the state received rainfall last week. Portions of East and North Texas and the Plains experienced slow, soaking rains, providing up to four inches for the week. Many areas of Central and West Texas experienced scattered showers and rainfall totals of 0.1 inch or less. Wheat and oats were maturing around the state. Harvest activity increased in many areas. Some producers cut back on irrigation to let fields dry before harvest.

Oklahoma: The harvest of wheat, rye and canola fields was reported, primarily in southwestern Oklahoma. With only eight percent of wheat harvested as of Sunday, this year’s harvest is 38 points behind the five-year average. Planting of summer crops continued slowly, as heavy rains and soggy fields prevented fieldwork. Every Mesonet station recorded rainfall for the past week, with a statewide average of 1.47 inches. While western Oklahoma averaged more than an inch of rain for the week, it remains below normal rainfall for the period since March 1st. Recent rainfall has benefitted stock ponds and pasture conditions throughout eastern Oklahoma. Livestock producers in western Oklahoma struggled to find available pasture. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions improved, with 43 percent rated adequate, but 54 percent still rated short to very short. There were only 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Harvest of wheat and rye began in limited areas. Wheat heading was virtually complete and 78 percent was in the soft dough stage of development by the end of the week. Wheat harvest was eight percent complete by Sunday, 80 points behind the previous year, and 38 points behind the five-year average.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 9, 2013, drier conditions allowed producers time to accomplish fieldwork ranging from planting to bailing hay and applying chemicals, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Temperatures ranged from 2 to 8 degrees below normal across the state with portions of eastern and central Nebraska receiving up to an inch of rain. Statewide, producers had 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 23 percent very short, 35 short, 41 adequate, and 1 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 22 percent very poor, 28 poor, 36 fair, 13 good, and 1 excellent. Wheat jointed was 95 percent, behind last year’s 100 and 98 average. Wheat headed was 61 percent, well behind 100 last year and over one week behind 83 average. Wheat turning color was 1 percent, behind 78 last year and 20 average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat




Missouri *(7.71%)




Illinois (9.31%)




Ohio (11.31%)




Arkansas (5.65%)




Indiana (5.27%)




North Carolina (8.82%)




Michigan (11.46%)




SRW total




* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Farmers found small windows of time to plant corn and soybeans and a few had dry enough conditions to bale hay. Isolated rain showers fell over the state this past week, heavier rains being in the Northwest, though nothing significant throughout most of the state. Temperatures across the state averaged 64.6 degrees for the week, 4.6 degrees below normal. There were only 3.40 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 64 percent adequate and 36 percent surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending June 9, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers took advantage of the continued warm weather and completed the planting of corn and oats, and neared completion of soybean planting. Producers baled hay, but many are behind their usual pace due to rain in previous weeks. Winter wheat appears to be in good condition, and farmers are preparing equipment for harvest. Some areas received rain this week, while others are hoping rain will come soon to keep soil moisture at adequate levels

Michigan: Five days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending June 9 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Weather last week was cool and dry which allowed for ample field work to occur. Many growers finished up planting corn and soybeans. Cool temperatures caused some necrosis in corn. Wheat growers applied fungicides.




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