HRW Wheat Crop Declines, SRW Improves

May 20, 2013 10:34 AM
 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the HRW wheat declined by 5.3 points from last week to stand 87.31 points below year-ago. The CCI for the SRW wheat improved nearly 5.5 points to 378.34 to stand about 6.4 points above year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

HRW Wheat

5/19/13

5/12/13

5/20/12

Kansas *(36.35%)

97.42
97.79
119.18

Oklahoma (12.35%)

30.26

31.49

38.39

Texas (9.74%)

17.72

18.50

26.19

Colorado (9.19%)

21.69

22.70

34.83

Nebraska (6.52%)

15.77

16.29

27.15

HRW total

246.62

251.90

333.93

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending May 19, 2013, clear skies combined with warmer temperatures allowed producers to make good progress planting corn, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. Rain moved across portions of the State over the weekend, leaving an inch or more of precipitation across many areas of the north and east. This was accompanied by hail and damaging winds in some areas. Moisture accumulations across the drought stricken Southwest were limited in most cases. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 13 percent very short, 21 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 25 percent very short, 29 percent short, 44 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Producers averaged 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop was 92 percent jointed, behind 100 percent a year ago and 99 percent average. The crop was 41 percent headed, well behind 100 percent a year ago and 74 percent average. The condition rated 21 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.

 

Texas: Much of the state experienced rainfall and warmer temperatures last week. Portions of North, East, and Central Texas received the most precipitation, with some areas along the Texas Oklahoma border recording up to four inches. High winds and tornadoes hit parts of North Texas, causing major damage. Some areas experienced severe hail storms. Portions of West Texas, South Texas and the Plains received little or no precipitation. Across the Plains and North Texas, producers continued to cut much of their wheat and oat crops for hay due to previous freeze damage. Remaining wheat fields continued to mature with those under irrigation making good progress.

Oklahoma: Severe weather moved through the state Sunday night, with reports of large hail, damaging winds and multiple tornados. Heavy rains fell in central Oklahoma, resulting in highway flooding and limited visibility in some areas. Damage assessments are ongoing but at least one storm-related death was reported and property damage was extensive. Governor Fallin declared a state of emergency for 16 Oklahoma counties. Temperatures across the state averaged in the mid - to low 70’s. Precipitation averaged nine tenths of an inch for the week but varied considerably. The Southeast district recorded the highest rain total at 1.85 inches. Warmer temperatures allowed for progress in planting as well as the development of small grains. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate. Subsoil moisture conditions varied widely but 59 percent was rated short to very short. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Conditions of wheat and rye were rated mostly fair to poor and oats were rated mostly good to fair. Wheat heading was 79 percent complete by the end of the week, 19 points behind normal. Wheat in the soft dough stage was 28 percent, 35 points behind the five-year average

Nebraska: For the week ending May 19, 2013, rain moved across the state over the weekend, but by then many producers in southern counties had completed corn planting and were moving onto soybeans. Moisture accumulations were less than one half inch across much of central Nebraska, which did little to improve soil moisture conditions in drought stricken areas. Locally heavy rainfall totals of 3 to 4 inches occurred over portions of the northern Panhandle. Statewide, producers had 5.6 days suitable available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 25 short, 63 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 34 percent very short, 41 short, 25 adequate, and 0 surplus. Pastures remain in poor or very poor condition across much of the western half of the state. Wheat conditions rated 20 percent very poor, 29 poor, 40 fair, 11 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 61 percent, well behind last year’s 99 and 82 average. Wheat headed was 1 percent, well behind 77 last year and 19 percent average.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

SRW Wheat

5/19/13

5/12/13

5/20/12

Missouri *(7.71%)

28.68

28.21

26.80

Illinois (9.31%)

36.60

35.67

39.41

Ohio (11.31%)

43.89

43.32

53.20

Arkansas (5.65%)

20.01

19.90

17.50

Indiana (5.27%)

20.54

20.59

23.65

North Carolina (8.82%)

33.68

33.59

30.76

Michigan (11.46%)

41.83

40.68

42.43

SRW total

378.34

372.88

371.88

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather Reports:

Illinois: Temperatures across the state averaged 67.3 degrees, 3.9 degrees above normal. Statewide, precipitation averaged only 0.20 inches, 0.81 inches below the normal of 1.01 inches. There were 5.8 days suitable for field work last week, a result of the warm, dry weather. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 2 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated as 4 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. The corn planting progress, at 74 percent complete, compares to 98 percent last year and the five-year average of 77 percent. Corn emerged increased to 16 percent, compared to 86 percent at this time last year and the five-year average of 52 percent. Winter wheat conditions were rated as 3 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 21 percent excellent.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 19 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Tremendous planting progress was made this week, as producers took advantage of ideal planting and ground conditions. With the warmer temperatures and drier weather, wheat conditions are improving, although there were some reports of poor quality wheat being replanted to another crop.

Michigan: There were five days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 19 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Tremendous planting progress was made this week, as producers took advantage of ideal planting and ground conditions. With the warmer temperatures and drier weather, wheat conditions are improving, although there were some reports of poor quality wheat being replanted to another crop.

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