Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:
Kansas: For the week ending March 3, 2013, many areas of Kansas received much needed moisture with the East Central and Southeastern Districts receiving the heaviest amounts according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Kansas Field Office. The snow melt has improved the soil moisture levels in some areas of the state and stock ponds are showing slight improvement, although more moisture is still needed. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated as 18 percent very short, 31 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture supplies were rated as 46 percent very short, 37 percent short, 16 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. With the snow cover, producers only averaged 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork last week. The winter wheat crop condition was rated as 12% very poor, 23% poor, 41% fair, 23% good, and 1% excellent. Eighty-one percent of the crop had no wind damage, 14% had light wind damage, 4% had moderate wind damage and 1% had severe wind damage. Eight-six percent of the crop had no freeze damage, 9% had light freeze damage, 4% had moderate freeze damage, and 1% had severe freeze damage.
Texas: The Northern and Southern High Plains regions experienced significant snowfall last week, accompanied by high winds, resulting in snow drifts across the area. While other districts in the northern and eastern parts of the state experienced some level of precipitation, helping topsoil moisture, subsoil moisture continues to be lacking. High winds impacted other districts across the state as well, drying out topsoil moisture in areas that received little to no precipitation. Winter wheat in the Panhandle and Blacklands benefitted from precipitation, and irrigated fields continued to make good progress. Winter wheat in North East Texas was reported in good condition; however, in other areas of the state, small grains were struggling due to poor moisture and windy conditions. The crop is rated 1% excellent, 17% good, 37% fair, 29% poor and 16% very poor.
Oklahoma: A much anticipated storm system rolled through Oklahoma February 24-26. It brought blizzard conditions and snow totals from 12-18 inches in northwestern Oklahoma. Thousands of people were without power and highways were closed due to blowing snow. Most of the state received some snow, but southern and eastern Oklahoma received mostly rainfall, without the hazardous conditions and freezing temperatures. The U.S. Drought Monitor showed significant improvements from the snow cover and rain received the last two weeks. The entire state is still in a severe to exceptional drought, but the portion of the state rated with exceptional drought fell from 41.6 percent the week prior, down to 11.8 percent as of February 26th. The drought actually worsened in Cimarron County, however, which missed the moisture from the last storm. Precipitation totals from the week ending Sunday averaged just under an inch for the state and as high as 1.41 inches in the North Central district. The cooler temperatures in northwestern Oklahoma have allowed the snow to melt slowly, so all moisture has not yet been recorded. Small grain and canola conditions showed improvements from the recent moisture. However, these improvements may be short-lived without reinforcing precipitation. This February ended as the 13th wettest February on record according to the Oklahoma Mesonet. However, precipitation since September 1st was still below normal in all districts. Topsoil moisture conditions continued to improve and were rated 60 percent adequate, up from 43 percent adequate the previous week. Subsoil moisture conditions also improved, but were still rated mostly short to very short with just 12 percent of the state rated as adequate. There were only 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state, due to the heavy snow. Conditions for all small grains and canola improved from the previous week. Wheat, canola and oats were rated mostly fair to poor, while rye was rated mostly good to fair. The wheat crop has begun jointing, with 11 percent complete by Sunday, compared to 22 percent complete this time last year. The crop is rated 1% excellent, 15% good, 37% fair, 29% poor and 18% very poor.