Improved Weather Spurs Increased Midwest Planting, Emergence

May 15, 2012 01:06 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: With dry and warmer weather farmers worked at a rapid pace and Iowa saw widespread planting of both corn and soybeans. Corn planting advanced 26 percentage points statewide with each district of the state increasing at least 19 percentage points. Farmers statewide planted nearly one-third of the expected soybean crop during the week ending May 13th. Northwest Iowa had the largest increase with 39 percentage points. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared with just 1.5 days the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 4 percent very short, 16 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Corn planting now stands at 90 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 85 percent and the five-year average of 79 percent. West Central Iowa producers lead the way for corn planting with 96 percent complete. Fifty-five percent of the corn crop has emerged, 6 days ahead of normal. Soybean planting was 39 percent complete, just ahead of last year’s 36 percent and the five-year average of 30 percent. Soybeans have emerged in each district of the state.

Illinois: Last week, weather patterns returned to more normal conditions than in previous weeks and fieldwork resumed at a brisk pace in most parts of the state. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.67 inches, 0.34 below the average and temperatures were 62.0 degrees statewide. The drier conditions led to 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Corn planted reached 95 percent statewide, 30 percent above the 5-year average of 65 percent. Corn emerged reached 76 percent, 41 percent above the 5-year average. Now that many producers have finished corn planting, most have turned their attention to soybean planting or hay cutting. Soybeans planted jumped 23 points to 44 percent, 23 percent above the 5-year average. Alfalfa percent first cut now stands at 42 percent, compared to the 5-year average of 6 percent. Topsoil moisture was rated as 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.

Nebraska: For the week ending May 13, 2012, both planting and crop development continued ahead of average, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Due to limited rainfall, topsoil moisture levels dropped again below average causing some producers to start pivots. Corn planted advanced to 91 percent with over half of the crop emerged. Soybean planting was near two weeks ahead of average with 60 percent complete. Temperatures averaged 3 degrees below normal across the state. High temperatures ranged from the upper 80’s to lows of upper 20’s in the Panhandle. Little or no precipitation fell across the state with the Southeast District receiving the largest amounts but only averaging .2 inch of rain. Corn planting advanced to 91 percent complete, 1 week ahead of 76 last year and average. Corn emerged stood at 57 percent, well ahead of 16 last year and 23 average. Soybean planting was 60 percent complete, ahead of 33 last year and 12 days ahead of 28 average. Soybeans emerged were 18 percent, ahead of 1 last year and 2 average.

Missouri: Seasonal temperatures returned with scattered showers across the state. Irrigation was in full swing in the southeast district. Little rainfall allowed 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork statewide with the northern districts observing less than 4 days suitable and the southern districts with nearly a week available. Topsoil moisture supply was 7 percent very short, 16 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. The southeast district was 85 percent short and very short followed by the south-central district at 82 percent. Spring tillage was 92 percent, 23 days ahead of last year, and 28 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Corn planted was 93 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 20 days ahead of normal. Corn emergence was 74 percent, 11 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal. Condition was 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Rain was needed in the southeast to improve corn condition. Corn replanting occurred in northern districts. Army worms were reported in the central and southcentral districts. Soybeans planted were 37 percent, 17 days ahead of last year, and 2 weeks ahead of normal. Soybeans emerged were 13 percent, 9 days ahead of 2011, and 11 days ahead of normal.s

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 60.1 degrees, 1.5 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, May 13, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.23 inches, 0.43 inches above normal. There were 83 modified growing degree days, 4 days above normal. Reporters rated 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, May 11, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 31 percent surplus. Temperatures and precipitation for the State were higher than normal. Most of the precipitation came in variable, yet strong rains. Reporters still indicated that field conditions were still slightly dryer than usual for this time of year. Warmer temperatures this year have caused an increase in insect pressure. Field activities for the week included hauling grain, green chopping forage, applying nitrogen to corn, fungicide to wheat, and spraying herbicides. As of Sunday May 13th, the intended corn crop was 84 percent planted, compared to six percent last year and 51 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 58 percent emerged, compared to one percent last year and 23 percent for the five-year average. Forty-six percent of soybeans were planted, compared to two percent last year, and 29 percent for the five-year average. Seventeen percent of soybeans were emerged, compared to 5 percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Farmers continued planting in any areas that were dry enough to support equipment, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The feverish planting pace farmers were on has slowed but planting of corn is still approximately 28 days ahead of last year while soybean planting is 26 days ahead. Frost damage to winter wheat is becoming more evident in the northern counties as the crop begins to form heads. Farmers made good progress spraying herbicides to their corn acreage during the week. There were 4.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-three percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 22 percent last year and 53 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 95 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 91 percent in the central region and 90 percent in the south. Seventy-five percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 3% last year and 25% for the 5-year average. Sixty-eight percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 4 percent last year and 22 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 76% of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 65 percent in the central region and 60 percent in the south. Thirty-seven percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 0 percent last year and 5 percent for the 5-year average.

Minnesota: Several days of warm, dry conditions this past week allowed producers to continue planting progress, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. For the week ending May 13, below average precipitation was recorded at most reporting stations, with rains still needed in the northwestern part of the state. In southern areas, heavy rains the previous week improved topsoil moisture supplies, but kept producers out of the fields early this week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus. Statewide, 4.5 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn planting advanced 15 percentage points to 88 percent planted with 45 percent of the crop emerged. Soybeans were 44 percent planted, compared to 7 percent last year and 29 percent for the five year average. Three percent of soybeans were emerged. N

South Dakota: Most areas of the state made good progress planting corn and soybeans this past week. There were 5.3 days suitable for field work this past week. Major activities last week included; planting of row crops, weed control, caring for livestock, calving and lambing. South Dakota experienced a very quiet and slightly cooler than average week overall, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Little precipitation fell and most of the state recorded below average temperatures. Several locations in the southwest and north central fell below freezing over the weekend. Cooler than average conditions were predominant over nearly the whole state, except for a few stations in the far east. Average temperatures were in the 50’s statewide, except for areas of the Black Hills. Most of these temperatures were 1-5o F below average for the week. High temperatures did reach the 90’s in several locations. Mission had the high for the week at 94o F. Many stations fell below freezing over the weekend. Custer had the low at 24o F. The overall cooler conditions brought GDD totals since April 1 closer to average in the east. Much of the south and west have GDD accumulations more than 100 GDD ahead of average. Little precipitation fell statewide allowing soils to dry after last week’s rain. Sioux Falls had by far the most with 0.78 inch for the week. All other totals were around 0.25 inch or less. Twenty-two stations reported no precipitation for the week. The US Drought Monitor map released last week removed all D1 (Moderate Drought) conditions from the state except for Fall River County in the far southwest. Large areas of D0 (Abnormally Dry) were removed from the crop growing areas in the east. Note, changes were made to precipitation totals and deviations for Huron to correct an error. Soil temperatures changed little across the state. Nisland had the low 4 inch soil temperature at 52o F; Oacoma was the warmest at 66o F. Topsoil moisture is rated at 94 percent in adequate to surplus, and 6 percent short. Subsoil moisture is rated at 86 percent adequate to surplus, 11 percent short and 3 percent very short. Corn is at 79 percent planted with 39 percent emerged. Soybeans are at 28 percent planted with 4 percent emerged


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