Initial 2013 Corn Condition Ratings Fall Short of Year-Ago

June 3, 2013 10:46 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for the corn crop has started the year at 371 points, down roughly 10 points from this time last year.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

6/02/13

Last week

6/03/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.78
NA
5.07

Illinois (14.56%)

52.11

NA

58.53

Indiana (6.56%)

23.48

NA

25.37

Iowa (17.95%)

69.81

NA

71.14

Kansas (3.96%)

13.95
NA
15.13

Kentucky (1.23%)

4.73

NA

4.90

Michigan (2.72%)

10.12

NA

9.95

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.45

NA

39.74

Missouri (2.72%)

9.40

NA

10.40

Nebraska (12.08%)

46.25
NA
46.17

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.47

NA

2.50

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.37

NA

6.89

Ohio (4.19%)

16.76

NA

15.84

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

3.73

NA

3.73

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.48

NA

20.42

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.72

NA

2.40

Texas (1.8%)

6.29

NA

6.84

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.24

NA

15.11

Corn total

371.14

NA

380.76

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national corn production.

Iowa: Wet conditions further delayed crop planting across Iowa during the week ending June 2, 2013. Rain events throughout the week kept most fields too wet for machinery to enter. Runoff caused erosion, especially in recently tilled fields. Standing water in some fields may damage crops. Statewide, there was an average of 0.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. East-central Iowa was the only area of the state with a full day suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 0% short, 43% adequate and 57% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 4% short, 57% adequate and 38% surplus. With the rain, farmers were only able to plant an additional three percent of the corn crop during the week. Corn planting now stands at 88% complete, behind the five-year average of 99%. Seventy-three percent of the corn crop has emerged, well behind last year's 98% and the normal 91%. The first corn condition rating of the year showed the crop at 3% very poor, 8% poor, 32% fair, 48% good and 9% excellent.

Illinois: Heavy rains fell across most of the state last week, hindering planting progress and affecting crop conditions. Statewide, total precipitation averaged 3.70 inches with some regions receiving close to 4.5 inches. With excessive rains causing flooding across the state, many fields are likely to require replanting. Localized severe weather caused damage to buildings and trees in various locations while dumping several inches of rain. Temperatures across the state averaged 69.0 degrees for the week, 1.7 degrees above normal. There were only 1.20 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture levels across the state were rated as 41% adequate and 59% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated as 1% short, 60% adequate, and 39% surplus. Corn planting was 91% complete, compared the five-year average of 95%. Corn emerged progressed to 81% compared to 99% last year and the five-year average of 83%. Corn conditions were rated at 2% very poor, 8% poor, 31% fair, 48% good, and 11% excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 2, 2013, rain fell throughout the state and averaged 2-3 inches of moisture across the eastern third and 1-2 inches in western areas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Moisture accumulations of five inches or more were recorded in portions of the southeast. As a result, drought conditions have eased in eastern areas, while much of the western half of Nebraska continues in extreme drought. Pastures remain in poor or very poor condition across much of the western half of Nebraska. Less than half the week was considered suitable for fieldwork, but corn planting activities are near completion and soybeans are over 80% planted. High winds dried soils, allowing producers brief periods for spring fieldwork. Statewide, producers had 3.2 days suitable available for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 17% short, 71% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 36% short, 39% adequate, and 1% surplus. Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 25% fair, 64% good, 10% excellent. The crop was 99% planted, near 100% last year and equal to 99% average. Emerged was 84%, but behind last year’s 100% and 90% average.

Minnesota: Cool and wet weather prevailed again in Minnesota for the week ending June 2, 2013. Standing water and muddy fields continued to hamper field work while earlier planted crops emerged in better drained areas. Statewide temperatures averaged 1.1 degrees below normal, with rainfall 0.34 inches above normal. The Northwest and Southeast districts had 1.33 and 1.37 inches of rainfall above normal, respectively. There was a statewide average of 2.2 days rated suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 0% very short, 2% short, 63% adequate, and 35% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also improved to 1% very short, 10% short, 72% adequate and 17% surplus. Corn planting was 87% complete, compared to 100% last year, and the average of 98%. Corn emergence remains well behind last year's 97% and the average of 86% despite the week's 25 percentage point increase to 65%. The first corn condition rating of the year showed the crop at 1% very poor, 4% poor, 35% fair, 51% good, and 9% excellent.

Indiana: Heavy rain fell across portions of the state leaving standing water in many fields, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Some replanting will be necessary due to excess moisture. Heaviest precipitation fell across the northern counties with nearly 6 inches of rain reported in some areas. Farmers were busy planting, spraying herbicides and side dressing corn as the weather permitted. Cutting and baling of hay continued to lag behind because of the continued rainfall. Some wheat acreage suffered wind damage from the storms that moved across the state. There were 3.6 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-four percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted at this time compared with 100% last year and 88% for the five-year average. By area, 99% of the corn acreage has been planted in the north, 96% in the central region and 81% in the south. Seventy-seven percent of the corn acreage has emerged compared with 99% last year and 73% for the five-year average.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 2, 2013, producers made little planting progress last week due to cool wet conditions, according to the USDA’s NASS, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Some acres of winter wheat with thin stands are reportedly being re-seeded to row crops. Topsoil moisture supplies improved with 0% rated very short, 6% short, 81% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies improved and rated 4% very short, 25% short, 66% adequate and 5% surplus. Corn planting was 96% complete, behind last year at 100% but near 95% on average. Seventy-seven percent of corn has emerged, behind last year at 94% but ahead of 70% average. Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 4%, 20% fair, 62% good, and 11% excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending June 2, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. With warm temperatures and only scattered rainfall, farmers were able to spend most of the week working in their fields. In addition to nearing completion planting row crops, producers cut and baled hay. They also side dressed corn with nitrogen and sprayed for weed control. While soil moisture remains in good condition, there were reports that crops still need more rainfall. There were also several reports of a frost in eastern parts of the state that damaged corn, soybeans and vegetables. Some corn and soybeans may need to be replanted.

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