Iowa Stopped Inspecting Egg Farms During Bird Flu Outbreak

01:00AM Mar 22, 2016
( USDA )

Iowa suspended its inspections of egg farms last year during the bird flu outbreak, and the state still hasn't resumed the routine checks.

The Des Moines Register reports state officials followed the lead of federal investigators in stopping inspections to help limit the spread of bird flu, which prompted the deaths of 48 million birds nationwide.

Federal inspectors are responsible for large egg-laying farms that typically have more than 3,000 birds. State inspectors make sure smaller farms are following safety regulations.

Critics say the roughly 2,000 salmonella illnesses that were linked to an Iowa egg farm in 2010 clearly show the need for inspections.

"This is jaw-dropping. I just don't know what else to say," said Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition at New York University and an author of books on food safety. "The inspectors are turning up potential hazards. Why anybody would tell you with a straight face that suspending these inspections is no big deal is beyond my comprehension."

Lawyer Bill Marler, who represented more than 100 victims in the 2010 salmonella outbreak, said inspections are needed.

"Given the black eye Iowa's egg production got in 2010, it just seems shortsighted to suspend the inspections," Marler said. "It sends a completely wrong message to consumers."

But much of last year's bird flu outbreak was centered in Iowa, so state officials took a cautious approach. They worried about the small chance that inspectors might help spread the virus causing the bird flu when they inspected different egg farms.

"Even if it was a low chance of it moving around, the impact would be so devastating, and we don't want to add even a small amount of risk," Iowa Agriculture Secretary Bill Northey said.

Several other states where bird flu was found also suspended inspections for several months, but most resumed inspections late last year.

Northey said the state plans to resume its inspections when the Food and Drug Administration lifts its own ban on them.

"I think the inspections are a good thing," Northey said.

Egg industry leaders believe suspending inspections was appropriate because of the threat of bird flu, said Oscar Garrison, a food safety executive for United Egg Producers.

"This is a historical incident that took place," said Garrison, whose organization represents most egg producers. "When you have those types of historical incidents with such a cost associated with them, sometimes desperate measures have to be employed. But those measures have not had an impact on the safety of eggs."