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Jan. 12 Grain Stocks: On- and Off-Farm Grain Storage Capacity

17:16PM Jan 12, 2015


On-Farm Grain Storage Capacity Up Less than 1 Percent from Last Year

The United States on-farm storage capacity totaled 13.1 billion bushels on December 1, 2014, up less than one percent from the revised December 1, 2013 estimate. Iowa continues to lead all States with 2.00 billion bushels of on-farm storage capacity followed by Minnesota with 1.50 billion bushels. Other major States include Illinois with 1.46 billion bushels, Nebraska with 1.18 billion bushels, North Dakota with 880 million bushels, and Indiana with 830 million bushels of on-farm storage capacity. These six States account for 60 percent of the Nation's on-farm storage capacity. On-farm grain storage capacity includes all bins, cribs, sheds, and other structures located on farms that are normally used to store whole grains, oilseeds, or pulse crops.

 


Off-Farm Grain Storage Capacity and Facilities

 

Capacity of off-farm commercial grain storage in the United States totaled 10.7 billion bushels on December 1, 2014, up 2 percent from December 1, 2013. The largest increase occurred in South Dakota where an additional 35.0 million bushels of capacity was added since December 1, 2013. Other notable increases were shown in Indiana, where capacity increased 31.3 million bushels, and Iowa and Minnesota which were both up 30.0 million bushels from 2013.

Illinois and Iowa remained the two largest off-farm storage capacity States during 2014 with 1.46 billion and 1.43 billion bushels respectively. Kansas was the third largest followed by Nebraska and Minnesota. These five states accounted for 52 percent of the Nation's off-farm storage capacity on December 1, 2014.

Off-farm grain storage capacity includes all elevators, warehouses, terminals, merchant mills, other storage, and oilseed crushers which store whole grains, soybeans, canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, safflower, sunflower, rapeseed, Austrian winter peas, dry edible peas, lentils, and chickpeas/garbanzo beans. Capacity data exclude facilities used to store only rice or peanuts, oilseed crushers processing only cottonseed or peanuts, tobacco warehouses, seed warehouses, and storage facilities that handle only dry edible beans, other than chickpeas/garbanzo beans.

Off-farm storage facilities totaled 8,701 on December 1, 2014, down slightly from December 1, 2013. States with the largest number of facilities include Iowa with 900, Illinois with 850, Kansas with 715, Minnesota with 585, and Nebraska with 481.

 

Charts are below.

 

 

On-Farm Storage Capacity - States and United States: December 1, 2013 and 2014
[Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :               2013               :               2014              
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           million bushels                          
               :                                                                    
Alabama .......:                  35                                 35             
Arkansas ......:                 210                                210             
Colorado ......:                 170                                170             
Georgia .......:                  60                                 60             
Idaho .........:                 130                                130             
Illinois ......:               1,460                              1,460             
Indiana .......:                 830                                830             
Iowa ..........:               2,000                              2,000             
Kansas ........:                 380                                380             
Kentucky ......:                 200                                200             
               :                                                                    
Michigan ......:                 290                                290             
Minnesota .....:               1,450                              1,500             
Mississippi ...:                 110                                115             
Missouri ......:                 520                                520             
Montana .......:                 340                                340             
Nebraska ......:               1,150                              1,180             
New York ......:                 120                                125             
North Carolina :                 100                                105             
North Dakota ..:                 880                                880             
Ohio ..........:                 530                                540             
               :                                                                    
Oklahoma ......:                  75                                 75             
Oregon ........:                  55                                 55             
Pennsylvania ..:                 160                                160             
South Dakota ..:                 690                                690             
Tennessee .....:                  80                                 85             
Texas .........:                 160                                160             
Virginia ......:                  55                                 55             
Washington ....:                  80                                 80             
Wisconsin .....:                 375                                375             
               :                                                                    
Unallocated 1/ :                 310                                310             
               :                                                                    
United States .:              13,005                             13,115             
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, Nevada, New
   England, New Jersey, New Mexico, South Carolina, Utah, West Virginia, and        
   Wyoming.                                                                     
 
Off-Farm Storage Facilities - States and United States: December 1, 2013 and 2014
[Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :           Facilities            :     Off-farm storage capacity    
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :December 1, 2013:December 1, 2014:December 1, 2013 :December 1, 2014
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :     ------- number -------          ------- 1,000 bushels ------   
               :                                                                    
Alabama .......:        68               68              35,000            35,500   
Arizona .......:        22               22              20,000            20,000   
Arkansas ......:       150              150             281,000           283,000   
California ....:       124              127              92,000            92,000   
Colorado ......:       113              113             125,000           125,000   
Delaware ......:        16               16              22,000            23,000   
Florida .......:        17               16               5,200             5,100   
Georgia .......:       111              107              52,000            52,000   
Idaho .........:       139              138             123,000           125,000   
Illinois ......:       850              850           1,451,000         1,460,000   
               :                                                                    
Indiana .......:       380              380             478,700           510,000   
Iowa ..........:       900              900           1,400,000         1,430,000   
Kansas ........:       715              715           1,000,000         1,025,000   
Kentucky ......:       155              155              74,000            74,000   
Louisiana .....:        27               27             115,000           118,000   
Maryland ......:        48               50              49,000            52,000   
Michigan ......:       206              200             210,000           215,000   
Minnesota .....:       585              585             690,000           720,000   
Mississippi ...:        53               54              63,900            64,900   
Missouri ......:       335              330             245,000           245,000   
               :                                                                    
Montana .......:       157              156              81,300            80,600   
Nebraska ......:       482              481             885,130           896,950   
New England ...:        18               18               5,790             5,790   
New Mexico ....:        18               18              13,500            13,500   
New York ......:        41               43              37,600            37,600   
North Carolina :       165              165              88,000            94,000   
North Dakota ..:       346              340             380,000           409,000   
Ohio ..........:       380              370             425,200           425,000   
Oklahoma ......:       224              224             235,000           235,000   
Oregon ........:        78               80              56,000            56,000   
               :                                                                    
Pennsylvania ..:       164              153              38,000            39,000   
South Carolina :        42               35              17,500            16,400   
South Dakota ..:       240              236             310,000           345,000   
Tennessee .....:       150              150              61,000            63,000   
Texas .........:       460              460             640,000           640,000   
Utah ..........:        40               40              17,000            17,000   
Virginia ......:        77               78              35,000            35,000   
Washington ....:       248              249             222,200           222,100   
Wisconsin .....:       370              370             335,000           340,000   
Wyoming .......:        17               18              10,000            10,000   
               :                                                                    
Unallocated 1/ :        14               14               4,180             4,480   
               :                                                                    
United States .:     8,745            8,701          10,429,200        10,659,920   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes New Jersey, Nevada, and West Virginia                                   

 

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