July 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

July 10, 2015 11:21 AM
 
July 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

June Agricultural Summary

Areas of the central and eastern Corn Belt recorded more than 200 percent of normal precipitation during the month of June causing delays in spring fieldwork and deterioration of crop ratings. Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio recorded the wettest June on record dating back to 1895. Dry conditions continued to stress the Pacific coast with major regions of California, Oregon, and Washington recording under one-tenth of an inch of rainfall during the month. Average monthly temperatures were generally above normal across the Nation with areas in the Pacific Northwest more than 10°F above normal in June. Major exceptions to this trend occurred in southern Texas, the Great Lakes region, and New England where areas were between 0 and 4°F below normal for the month.

Planting of the 2015 corn crop was 95 percent complete by May 31, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Eighty-four percent of this year's corn crop had emerged by May 31, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 14, corn emerged had advanced to 97 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. More than 90 percent of the crop was emerged in all estimating States except Colorado, Kansas, and Missouri by June 14. By June 28, silking was estimated at 4 percent complete, equal to last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. All estimating States except Michigan observed silking progress at or behind the 5-year average at the end of the month. Overall, 68 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, down 6 percentage points from May 31 and 7 percentage points below the same time last year. Wet conditions in the eastern Corn Belt led to deterioration of corn condition ratings, which dropped 45 percentage points in the good to excellent categories in Ohio and 28 percentage points in Indiana during the month of June.

Producers had planted 43 percent of this year's sorghum crop by May 31, twelve percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Producers had planted 56 percent of this year's sorghum crop by June 7, nine percentage points behind last year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting progress was more than 20 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota after the first week of the month. Producers had planted 85 percent of this year's sorghum crop by June 21, slightly behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Heading advanced to 18 percent complete by June 21, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 28, ninety-three percent of the Nation's sorghum was planted, slightly ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 28, twenty-one percent of the sorghum crop was at or beyond the heading stage, equal to last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Major heading progress was limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, but small percentages of heading were reported in the more northern States of Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma by the end of June. Overall, 68 percent of the sorghum was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, up slightly from the first National sorghum crop rating on June 14 and 9 percentage points better than the same time last year.

Ninety-five percent of the oat crop was emerged by May 31, eleven percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 31, thirty percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 2 percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 14, fifty-one percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 7 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading of this year's oat crop advanced to 83 percent complete by June 28, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading was at or ahead of the 5-year average in all estimating States except Pennsylvania by month's end. Overall, 67 percent of the oats were reported in good to excellent condition, down slightly from May 31 but 3 percentage points better than the same time last year.

Ninety-five percent of the barley crop was emerged by May 31, twenty-two percentage points ahead of last year and 25 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 38 percent of this year's barley crop was headed by June 21, twenty-two percentage points ahead of last year and 24 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading of the Nation's barley crop advanced to 62 percent complete by June 28, thirty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 36 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 73 percent of the barley was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, down slightly from the beginning of the month but 5 percentage points better than the same time last year. Hot, dry conditions in Montana and Washington dried out soils and lowered barley condition ratings in June.

Heading of this year's winter wheat crop advanced to 84 percent complete by May 31, six percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 14, ninety-six percent of the winter wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress, at 11 percent complete, was 4 percentage points behind last year and 9 percentage points behind the 5-year average by June 14. At least 20 percent of the winter wheat crop was harvested during the second week of June in Arkansas, California, Oklahoma, and Texas. By June 28, producers had harvested 38 percent of the winter wheat crop, 4 percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Drier conditions in the central and southern United States spurred harvest progress, allowing producers in Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, North Carolina, and Oklahoma to harvest at least 25 percent of their winter wheat during the final week of the month. Overall, 41 percent of the winter wheat was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, compared to 44 percent on May 31 and 30 percent at the same time last year.

The Nation's spring wheat crop was 91 percent emerged by May 31, twenty-seven percentage points ahead of last year and 22 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was over 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota at the beginning of the month. By June 21, twenty-three percent of the spring wheat was at or beyond the heading stage, 14 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Hot weather in the Pacific Northwest accelerated heading progress, which by June 21 was 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Idaho and 24 percentage points ahead in Washington. By June 28, forty-nine percent of the spring wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 25 percentage points ahead of last year and 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Half of the spring wheat acreage in Minnesota moved into the heading stage during the final week of the month to reach 76 percent headed by June 28. Overall, 72 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition by month's end, up slightly from the beginning of the month and 2 percentage points better than the same time last year.

Planting of the 2015 rice crop was 96 percent complete by May 31, three percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety percent of the rice crop was emerged by May 31, two percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Six percent of the rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage by June 21, three percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Heading progress was most advanced in Louisiana at 22 percent complete on June 21, slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By June 28, sixteen percent of the rice crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Warmer weather aided rice progress with heading advancing 29 percentage points during the final week of the month in Louisiana and 24 percentage points in Texas. Overall, 68 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, unchanged from May 31 and slightly below the same time last year.

By May 31, seventy-one percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted, 4 percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Wet conditions had slowed the planting pace in the central United States, with planting progress on May 31 forty-two percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas and 34 percentage points behind in Missouri. Planting progress advanced to 87 percent complete by June 14, four percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 75 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by June 14, six percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Kansas soybean emergence was 40 percentage points, or about 17 days, behind the 5-year average by June 14. Ninety-four percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted by June 28, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Missouri continued to lag the rest of the Nation in planting progress. By June 28, Missouri producers had planted 62 percent of their intended soybean crop, 32 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 89 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by June 28, four percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By month's end, eight percent of the soybean crop was blooming, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. Overall, 63 percent of the soybeans were reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, down 6 percentage points from June 7 and 9 percentage points below the same time last year.

By May 31, producers had planted 83 percent of this year's peanut crop, slightly ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. Peanut planting advanced to 92 percent complete by June 7, equal to last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Sixteen percent of this year's peanut crop was pegging by June 21, slightly ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Thirty-two percent of the peanut crop was pegging by June 28, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 71 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition by month's end, compared to 70 percent on June 7 and 72 percent at the same time last year.

By the end of May, sunflower producers had planted 32 percent of this year's crop, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By June 7, sunflower producers had planted 49 percent of this year's crop, slightly ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Sunflower planting progress was rapid in North Dakota during the first week of the month, advancing 21 percentage points to 76 percent complete. Sunflower producers had planted 80 percent of this year's crop by June 21, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. Seeding was nearly complete in North Dakota, with 97 percent of the crop planted by June 21. By June 28, eighty-nine percent of the sunflower crop was planted, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

By May 31, sixty-one percent of the cotton crop was planted, 11 percentage points behind last year and 17 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Wet conditions in the southern Great Plains had hindered planting progress. At the beginning of June, Kansas cotton planting was 44 percentage points, or nearly 3 weeks, behind the 5-year average pace. Oklahoma and Texas were 21 and 24 percentage points, respectively, behind the 5-year State averages. Nationally, 3 percent of the cotton crop was squaring on May 31, two percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By June 14, ninety-one percent of the Nation's cotton was planted, 3 percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Cotton squaring advanced to 13 percent complete by June 14, equal to last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Squaring progress remained behind historical trends in the middle Mississippi Valley, 26 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Arkansas and 16 percentage points behind in Missouri. Ninety-eight percent of the cotton crop was planted by June 28, two percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Nationally, 35 percent of the cotton crop was squaring by June 28, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Late planting continued to affect squaring progress at the end of June in Missouri and Oklahoma, which were 26 and 21 percentage points behind their respective 5-year averages. Nationally, 5 percent of this year's cotton crop was setting bolls by June 28, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 56 percent of the cotton was reported in good to excellent condition on June 28, compared to 50 percent on June 7 and 53 percent at the same time last year.
 

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