June 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

June 10, 2015 11:21 AM
 
June 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

May Agricultural Summary

Above-average temperatures across the eastern United States during the month of May allowed producers to catch up on spring fieldwork delays caused by cool, wet weather earlier in the spring. Most locations in the eastern Corn Belt and the Northeast recorded average monthly temperatures more than 4°F above normal. With the exception of the Pacific Northwest, most locations in the western United States recorded below average temperatures for May slowing planting and crop progress in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains. Heavy precipitation throughout the month in the southern Great Plains helped nearly eliminate drought conditions in Oklahoma and Texas, but also brought torrential rainfall, flooding, and winds causing varying amounts of damage to communities and crops throughout the region.

With the final week of April producing the third-highest National weekly corn planting progress (36 percent of the crop planted) on record, farmers started off the month of May with total corn planting progress well ahead of historical averages. By May 3, producers had planted 55 percent of this year's corn crop, 27 percentage points ahead of last year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. While planting progress was well ahead of historical averages in the western Corn Belt at the beginning of the month, progress continued to lag behind normal in the eastern Corn Belt. By May 3, nine percent of the Nation's corn crop was emerged, 3 percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By May 17, eighty-five percent of this year's corn crop was planted, 14 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. A majority of the Nation's corn crop, 56 percent, had emerged by May 17, twenty-four percentage points ahead of last year and 16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Spurred by earlier rapid planting progress, emergence advanced more than 30 percentage points during the second week of the month in eight estimating States. Planting of the 2015 corn crop was 95 percent complete by May 31, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Eighty-four percent of this year's corn crop had emerged by May 31, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of May, at least 90 percent of the corn had emerged in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Overall, 74 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 31, compared with 76 percent at the same time last year.

Planting of sorghum advanced to 29 percent complete by May 3, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Planting in Kansas and Texas, the two leading sorghum-producing States, continued to lag the respective 5-year averages. By May 24, forty-one percent of the sorghum crop was planted, 4 percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Progress in Kansas remained behind historical levels, with 9 percent planted by May 24, eleven percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had planted 43 percent of this year's sorghum crop by May 31, twelve percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Heavy precipitation in the central and southern Great Plains led to delays in planting progress. Kansas only had 11 percent of its crop planted by the end of the month, nearly 2 weeks behind the 5-year average.

Oat seeding advanced to 85 percent complete by May 3, twenty-nine percentage points ahead of last year and 18 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Fifty-seven percent of the crop had emerged by May 3, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had planted 96 percent of this year's oat crop by May 17, nineteen percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The planting of oats was nearly complete Nationwide, with all estimating States except North Dakota having at least 90 percent of the intended acreage planted by the end of the second week of the month. Eighty-three percent of the oat crop was emerged by May 17, twenty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 14 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop was emerged by May 31, eleven percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, 30 percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 2 percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. In Texas, the oat harvest was 16 percent complete, 33 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the oat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 31, down 5 percentage points from May 10 but 6 percentage points better than last year at that time.

Nationwide, barley producers had seeded 75 percent of the Nation's crop by May 3, thirty-one percentage points ahead of last year and 28 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 3, emergence was evident in 39 percent of the Nation's barley fields, 23 percentage points ahead of last year and 22 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The emergence of barley was more than 20 percentage points ahead of normal in four of the five estimating States. By May 17, ninety-five percent of the barley crop was seeded, 29 percentage points ahead of last year and 25 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 17, seventy-two percent of the barley had emerged, 36 percentage points ahead of last year and 32 percentage points-or more than 2 weeks-ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was at least 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in all estimating States except Washington. Ninety-five percent of the barley crop was emerged by May 31, twenty-two percentage points ahead of last year and 25 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The barley crop was almost completely emerged in all estimating States except North Dakota. Overall, 74 percent of the barley crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 31, ten percentage points better than May 17 and 7 percentage points better than the same time last year.

By May 3, heading of the winter wheat crop had advanced to 43 percent complete, 16 percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading advanced to 56 percent complete by May 10, fourteen percentage points ahead of last year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Warm weather in eastern Kansas facilitated rapid wheat development during the first week of the month. Seventy percent of the wheat crop was headed in Kansas by May 10, twenty-four percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 24, seventy-seven percent of this year's winter wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 9 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Texas, lodging of wheat due to flooding and high winds was reported in parts of the Cross Timbers, Blacklands, Edwards Plateau, South Central, and South East Texas. Heading of this year's winter wheat crop advanced to 84 percent complete by May 31, six percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Warm weather in the soft white wheat growing region during the last week of the month advanced wheat development, with heading 33 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in both Idaho and Oregon. Wet conditions have delayed the harvest of winter wheat in Texas, with 9 percent harvested by May 31, six percentage points behind last year and 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 44 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 31, up slightly from the beginning of the month and 14 percentage points better than the same time last year.

Seventy-five percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded by May 3, fifty percentage points ahead of last year and 35 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Spring wheat planting in Minnesota started the month 54 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average, more than 3 weeks ahead of the historical trend. By May 3, thirty percent of the spring wheat crop was emerged, 23 percentage points ahead of last year and 14 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 94 percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded by May 17, forty-seven percentage points ahead of last year and 29 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 17, sixty-seven percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 45 percentage points ahead of last year and 29 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The Nation's spring wheat crop was 91 percent emerged by the end of the month, 27 percentage points ahead of last year and 22 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was over 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota. Overall, 71 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition by month's end, 6 percentage points better than on May 17.

By May 3, sixty-one percent of the rice crop was seeded, 6 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Nationally, emergence advanced to 37 percent complete at the beginning of the month, equal to last year but 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 83 percent of the rice crop was seeded by May 10, eleven percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Rice planting advanced 37 percentage points in California and 36 percentage points in Missouri during the first week of May. By May 10, fifty-three percent of the Nation's crop had emerged, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting of the 2015 rice crop was 96 percent complete by May 31, three percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety percent of the rice crop was emerged by May 31, two percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Arkansas rice producers have reported the loss of some acreage to flooding during the month but have been able to apply pre-flood fertilizers and herbicides where possible. Overall, 68 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 31, two percentage points better than May 17 but slightly lower than the same time last year.

Planting of the 2015 soybean crop advanced to 13 percent complete by May 3, eight percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 10, thirty-one percent of the soybeans were planted, 13 percentage points ahead of last year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. With the planting of corn nearly complete, many Minnesota producers moved on to the planting of soybeans during the first week of the month, planting 38 percent of the soybean crop during that week. By May 24, producers had planted 61 percent of this year's soybean crop, 6 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. By May 24, thirty-two percent of the soybean crop was emerged, 9 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Minnesota, 49 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by May 24, thirty-four percentage points-or about 10 days-ahead of the 5-year average. By May 31, seventy-one percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted, 4 percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, wet conditions slowed the planting pace in the central United States, with planting progress 42 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas and 34 percentage points behind in Missouri. Nationally, 49 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by May 31, three percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Nationally, peanut producers had planted 10 percent of this year's crop by May 3, three percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By May 17, peanut producers had planted 47 percent of this year's crop, 6 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide peanut planting progress was aided by warm weather in the Southeast during the second week of the month, advancing 21 percentage points. By May 31, producers had planted 83 percent of this year's peanut crop, slightly ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. The peanut crop had started to bloom in Georgia at the end of the month, with 2 percent of the crop in that stage, 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

By May 24, twenty-six percent of this year's sunflower crop was planted, 16 percentage points ahead of last year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. North Dakota producers had planted 29 percent of their crop by May 24, eighteen percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 31, sunflower producers had planted 49 percent of this year's crop, 25 percentage points ahead of last year and 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. North Dakota sunflowers were 55 percent planted by May 31, an increase of 26 percentage points during the final week of the month.

Nationally, cotton producers had planted 17 percent of the cotton crop by May 3, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 35 percent of the cotton crop was planted by May 17, nine percentage points behind last year and 11 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Dry conditions in the Southeast facilitated rapid planting, which advanced 39 percentage points during the second week of the month in South Carolina and more than 25 percentage points in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Virginia. By May 31, sixty-one percent of the cotton crop was planted, 11 percentage points behind last year and 17 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Wet conditions in the southern Great Plains have hindered planting progress. By month's end, Kansas cotton planting was 44 percentage points, or nearly 3 weeks, behind the 5-year average pace. Oklahoma and Texas were 21 and 24 percentage points, respectively, behind the 5-year State averages. Nationally, 3 percent of the cotton crop was squaring, 2 percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

By May 3, sugarbeet producers had planted 96 percent of the Nation's crop, 74 percentage points ahead of last year and 45 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had planted at least 95 percent of the sugarbeet crop in Idaho, Minnesota, and North Dakota.

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