June 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

June 10, 2016 11:21 AM
 
June 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

Temperatures were above normal along the northern United States, facilitating fieldwork in the Pacific Northwest and the Upper Midwest. Conversely, below average temperatures were prevalent from the central Rocky Mountains to the mid-Atlantic. Some areas of the Southwest, lower Great Plains, and middle Mississippi Valley recorded average temperatures more than 2°F below normal. With the exception of portions of the Southwest, Texas, and most of the Atlantic Coast States where rainfall totaled 200 percent or more above average, precipitation was near normal throughout much of the country. Some areas in Texas, Louisiana, and Virginia recorded rainfall over 6 inches above normal for the month of May. Southeast Texas received heavy rainfall later in the month, with some locations recording in excess of 9 inches of precipitation, causing record flooding.

As May began, corn planting progress was well ahead of historical averages in the central Corn Belt but progress continued to lag behind normal in the western Corn Belt. By May 1, producers had planted 45 percent of this year's corn crop, equal to last year but 15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 1, thirteen percent of the Nation's corn crop was emerged, 6 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, seventy-five percent of this year's corn crop was planted, 7 percentage points behind last year but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Forty-three percent of the Nation's corn crop had emerged by May 15, five percentage points behind last year but 9 percentage points ahead the 5-year average. By mid-month, Minnesota respondents reported that 53 percent of the corn crop had emerged, 28 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting of the 2016 corn crop was 94 percent complete by May 29, equal to last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of this year's corn crop had emerged by May 29, three percentage points behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of May, at least 90 percent of the corn had emerged in Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Overall, 72 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 29, two percentage points below the same time last year.

Planting of sorghum advanced to 23 percent complete by May 1, five percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting progress was behind normal for most estimating States, with only Missouri and Oklahoma ahead of the 5-year average. By May 22, thirty-seven percent of the sorghum crop was planted, 3 percentage points behind last year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Progress in the leading sorghum-producing State of Kansas remained behind historical levels, with 6 percent planted by May 22, ten percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had planted 44 percent of this year's sorghum crop by May 29, two percentage points ahead of last year but 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Advances of 25 percentage points or more was observed in Nebraska, New Mexico, and South Dakota during the last full week of the month.

Oat seeding advanced to 78 percent complete by May 1, three percentage points behind last year but 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Fifty-six percent of the crop had emerged by May 1, three percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had planted 94 percent of this year's oat crop by May 15, slightly behind last year but 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The planting of oats was nearly complete Nationwide, with all estimating States, except North Dakota and Ohio, having at least 90 percent of the intended acreage planted by the second week of the month. Eighty-one percent of the oat crop was emerged by May 15, slightly ahead of last year and 15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop was emerged by May 29, slightly ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, 30 percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, slightly ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. In Texas, the oat harvest was 17 percent complete, 22 percentage points behind the 5-year average, due to wet conditions. Overall, 73 percent of the oat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 29, up slightly from the total rated in these two categories on May 8 and 5 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Nationwide, barley producers had seeded 57 percent of the Nation's crop by May 1, thirteen percentage points behind last year but 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 1, emergence was evident in 29 percent of the Nation's barley acreage, 4 percentage points behind last year but 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, ninety percent of the barley crop was seeded, 3 percentage points behind last year but 19 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, sixty-eight percent of the barley had emerged, equal to last year but 26 percentage points, or more than two weeks, ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was over 15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in all estimating States except Washington. Nationwide, 97 percent of the barley crop was sown by May 29, three percentage points behind last year but 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Eighty-eight percent of the barley crop had emerged by May 29, four percentage points behind last year but 19 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 77 percent of the barley crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 29, two percentage points better than the May 15 ratings and 3 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

By May 1, heading of the winter wheat crop had advanced to 42 percent complete, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading advanced to 57 percent complete by May 8, five percentage points ahead of last year and 13 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy-three percent of the wheat crop was headed in Kansas by May 8, twenty-seven percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 22, seventy-five percent of this year's winter wheat crop was at or beyond the heading stage, slightly ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Texas, damage of wheat due to hail was reported in areas of the Northern Low Plains and Edwards Plateau. Nationally, heading of this year's winter wheat crop advanced to 84 percent complete by May 29, two percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. In Washington, 76 percent was headed by the end of the month, 36 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Wet conditions have delayed the harvest of winter wheat in Texas, with 11 percent harvested by May 29, six percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 63 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 29, up 2 percentage points from the beginning of the month and 19 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

Fifty-four percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded by May 1, fifteen percentage points behind last year but 15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 1, twenty-two percent of the spring wheat crop was emerged, 2 percentage points behind last year but 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At the beginning of the month, emergence was ahead of the 5-year average in all 6 estimating States. Nationally, 89 percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded by May 15, three percentage points behind last year but 25 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, sixty percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 3 percentage points behind last year but 24 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-five percent of the Nation's spring wheat crop was seeded by May 22, equal to last year but 18 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The Nation's spring wheat was 88 percent emerged by the end of the month, equal to last year but 22 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence was well ahead of normal in Minnesota and North Dakota, where progress was 28 and 32 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average, respectively. Overall, 79 percent of the spring wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition by month's end, 8 percentage points better than at the same time last year.

By May 1, seventy-two percent of the rice crop was seeded, 17 percentage points ahead of last year and 16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, emergence advanced to 55 percent complete at the beginning of the month, 21 percentage points ahead of last year and 16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 87 percent of the rice crop was seeded by May 15, equal to last year but 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, seventy-six percent of the Nation's crop had emerged, 11 percentage points ahead of last year and 14 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting of the 2016 rice crop was 98 percent complete by May 29, three percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-six percent of California's rice crop was planted during the last week of the month, pushing progress ahead of the 5-year average pace. Eighty-seven percent of the rice crop was emerged by May 29, slightly behind last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 66 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 29, nine percentage points better than the May 8 estimate but 2 percentage points lower than at the same time last year.

Planting of the 2016 soybean crop advanced to 8 percent complete by May 1, two percentage points behind last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 8, twenty-three percent of the soybeans were planted, 3 percentage points behind last year but 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. With the planting of corn nearly complete, many Minnesota producers moved on to the planting of soybeans during the first week of the month, planting 40 percent of the intended soybean crop during that week. By May 22, producers had planted 56 percent of this year's soybean crop, equal to last year but 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 22, twenty-two percent of the soybean crop was emerged, 5 percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Due to poor field conditions early in the planting season, emergence in Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio continued to lag their respective 5-year averages during the third week of the month. By May 29, seventy-three percent of the Nation's soybean crop was planted, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, wet conditions slowed the planting pace in the central Great Plains, with planting progress 27 percentage points behind the 5-year average in Kansas and 9 percentage points behind in Nebraska. Nationally, 45 percent of the soybean crop was emerged by May 29, slightly ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Nationally, peanut producers had planted 12 percent of this year's crop by May 1, three percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 15, peanut producers had planted 46 percent of this year's crop, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 29, producers had planted 80 percent of this year's peanut crop, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Planting progress of 20 percentage points or more was observed in North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia during the last week of the month.

By May 15, eleven percent of this year's sunflower crop was planted, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. North Dakota producers had planted 21 percent of their crop by May 15, fourteen percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 29, sunflower producers had planted 45 percent of this year's crop, 18 percentage points ahead of last year and 21 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. North Dakota sunflowers were 67 percent planted by May 29, an increase of 21 percentage points during the final week of the month.

Nationally, cotton producers had planted 16 percent of the cotton crop by May 1, slightly ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 40 percent of the cotton crop was planted by May 15, eight percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Dry conditions in the Southeast facilitated rapid planting, which advanced more than 20 percentage points in Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, and the Carolinas. By May 29, fifty-nine percent of the cotton crop was planted, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Wet conditions in the southern Great Plains hindered planting progress. By month's end, Kansas cotton planting was 35 percentage points, or nearly 3 weeks, behind the 5-year average pace. Texas planting progress was 15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 5 percent of the cotton crop was squaring by month's end, 3 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average.

By May 1, sugarbeet producers had planted 80 percent of the Nation's crop, 11 percentage points behind last year but 32 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At the beginning of the May, planting in Minnesota was more than 3 weeks ahead of the 5-year average pace. Producers had planted 97 percent of this year's sugarbeet crop by May 15, three percentage points behind last year but 23 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had planted 95 percent or more of the sugarbeet crop in Michigan, Minnesota, and North Dakota.

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