Kansas Accounts for Bulk of HRW Wheat Condition Decline

08:29PM Oct 31, 2016
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When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it reflects a 3.59-point drop in the HRW crop and a 1.35-point drop in the SRW crop from last week. The bulk of the decline in the HRW crop was in Kansas, where the index declined by 3.13 points from last week.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index


This week

Last week




This week

Last week


Kansas *(39.07%)
138.70 141.83
Missouri *(9.94%)
33.57 36.27
Oklahoma (10.67%)
37.67 37.67
Illinois (9.79%)
36.82 37.41
Texas (9.94%)
31.72 32.22
41.30 40.99
Colorado (10.39%)
36.77 36.79
Arkansas (3.84%)
12.80 11.61
Nebraska (7.08%)
25.43 25.85
Indiana (5.68%)
21.81 21.98
S. Dakota (6.26%)
22.47 22.59
N. Carolina (7.72%)
25.54 24.69
Montana (10.87%)
43.60 42.40
Michigan (10.70%)
41.41 41.51
HRW total
356.30 359.89
SRW total
372.46 371.11

* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:

Kansas: For the week ending Oct. 30 , 2016, temperatures averaged ten degrees above normal and dry conditions were experienced across the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 7 percent very short, 25 short, 65 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 5 percent very short, 20 short, 72 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 34 fair, 48 good, and 9 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 92 percent, near 95 last year and the five-year average of 94. Emerged was 75 percent, near 74 last year and 78 average.

Oklahoma: The state continues to experience dry and warm weather and the cool growing season is the 30th driest since 1921. According to the Mesonet, the lack of rain and persistent warm weather has increased the danger of wildfires. Drought conditions were rated 29 percent moderate to severe drought, up 7 points from the previous week. Temperatures ranged from 37 degrees at Boise City on Monday, Oct. 24 to 94 degrees at Buffalo on Saturday, Oct. 29. Precipitation ranged from none in the Panhandle district to 0.32 of an inch in the Northeast district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 61 degrees at Boise City on Monday, Oct. 24 to 74 degrees at Durant on Sunday, Oct. 30. Statewide air temperatures averaged in the high 60s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Winter wheat planted reached 88 percent, down 1 point from the previous year and down 4 points from normal. Winter wheat emerged reached 76 percent, up 2 points from the previous year and up 1 point from normal.

Texas: Areas of the Cross Timbers, Blacklands, Northeast Texas, and the Trans Pecos received up to 2 inches of rainfall, while the Edwards Plateau, Upper Coast, and Southeast Texas observed scattered showers. Large parts of the Panhandle and the Southern Plains remained dry. Winter wheat and oat seeding continued in most areas.

Winter wheat in areas of the Emerged winter wheat was in need of additional rainfall in areas of the Northern Plains, Cross Timbers, and the Edwards Plateau. Oats development was slowed in areas of the Upper Coast due to dry weather.

Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:

Ohio: Rains were relatively light but the effects of a wet fall persisted, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician with the USDA’s NASS. There were five days available for fieldwork for the week ending Oct. 30. Light showers kept harvest of corn and soybeans to a slow pace. Green stalks along with muddy fields were the main obstacles to finishing soybean harvest. Some frosts were noted, but more will be needed to firm up the ground and kill stalks. Cover crops and wheat benefited from the elevation in temperature and soil moisture.

Michigan: There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending Oct. 30, 2016, according to Marlo Johnson, director of the Great Lakes Regional office of NASS. The weather was accommodating early in the week for fall harvest activities. Producers were able to make progress on harvesting of all crops until rainfall put a halt to fieldwork. Although crops for the most part were dry, many field soil conditions remained saturated. A few areas reported snow showers, but the snow melted within a few hours.

Winter wheat planting was nearing completion and cover crop seedlings have emerged in good condition.