When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale), the HRW wheat crop declined 3.65 points after last week's frost event, with Kansas and Oklahoma dipping nearly 2 points. The SRW wheat crop, on the other hand, improved nearly 2 points over the last week. See the tables for specifics.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.08%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.
(Palmer Drought Index below text.)
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:
Kansas: For the week ending April 20, 2014, freezing temperatures in many areas at the start of the week gave way to warmer conditions by week's end, according to USDA's NASS. A good portion of the state received light precipitation. In general, the condition of wheat has declined over the last month. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 44% short, 28% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 45% short, 27% adequate and 0% surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 11% very poor, 21% poor, 44% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 39%, behind 43% last year and the five-year average of 61%. Winter wheat headed was 2%, compared to 0% last year and 8% average.
Texas: Weather conditions remained dry and windy across much of Central Texas and the Plains. Parts of North and East Texas received more precipitation, with some areas reporting up to 2 inches for the week. Many areas of North Texas and the High and Low Plains experienced freezing temperatures during the week.
Around the state, winter wheat and oats continued to head. However in North Texas and the Plains, dry, windy conditions, combined with freezing temperatures caused damage to small grains in some areas. Moisture was badly needed in many places, and where available, producers applied irrigation to wheat and oat fields.
Oklahoma: Temperatures were cooler than normal last week, ranging from 21 degrees at Chickasha on Tuesday, April 15 to 84 degrees at Buffalo on April 19. A widespread freeze was experienced Monday night into Tuesday morning. Some winter wheat producing counties experienced below freezing temperatures for an extended period of time. The already drought stressed winter wheat and canola crops were negatively impacted by the freeze, however the extent of the damage was not reported at this time. All nine districts received some precipitation last week, ranging from 0.03 of an inch in the Northeast District to 0.38 inches in the Panhandle. Another freeze was experienced during the latter part of the week, but it was not as extensive as the previous freeze.
According to the most recent drought monitor, just over 13% of the state is still categorized in an exceptional drought; however, just over 6% of the state mainly the East Central/South Central portions have shown some relief in drought conditions due to the amounts of rain received in the last few weeks. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 25% adequate to surplus and 75% short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 19% adequate to surplus and 81% short to very short. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state.
Winter wheat conditions were rated mostly fair to poor with 27% rated very poor. Winter wheat jointing reached 89% by Sunday, 4 points ahead of the previous year and 3 points behind the five year average.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 20, 2014, cold temperatures at the beginning of the week gave way to warmer conditions, according to USDA's NASS. Temperatures averaged 4 to 6 degrees below normal with soils beginning to warm by the weekend. Precipitation was light with less than three tenths of an inch recorded in most areas. Heavier amounts were received on Sunday in east central counties. Drought intensity continued to be severe across much of the western half of the state. The number of days suitable for fieldwork was 5.3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 41% short, 45% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17% very short, 44% short, 39% adequate and
Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 10% poor, 29% fair, 52% good and 7% excellent.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
North Carolina (9.48%)
* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.
Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather reports:
Illinois: Producers were busy with anhydrous applications and tillage last week as fields continued to dry out and temperatures warmed up. Statewide temperatures averaged 47.3 degrees, 6.7 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.64 inches, 0.32 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture was rated at 1% very short, 10% short, 78% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 5% very short, 24% short, 65% adequate, and 6% surplus.
Winter wheat conditions were rated at 2% very poor, 7% poor, 31% fair, 46% good, and 14% excellent.
Ohio: There were 2 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending April 20, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Cold temperatures and wet ground conditions continued to keep many producers out of their fields for most of the week. Nitrogen was applied to many wheat fields, and those where nitrogen was applied early are greening up quicker than the rest of the crop.
Michigan: According to the Great Lakes Regional office of NASS, fieldwork progresses slowly in some parts of the state with warmer weather. Heavy rains, hail, and winds in the Northern part of the state hindered fieldwork and may have resulted in fruit tree and building damage. Equipment preparation, manure and fertilizer spreading, and spraying were some field activities for the week. There were 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork.
Topsoil moisture is 1% short, 52% adequate, 47% surplus. Subsoil moisture 2% short, 56% adequate, 42% surplus. Precipitation for the week ending April 20 ranged between 1.21 inches and 1.46 inches in the Upper Peninsula and between 0.34 inch and 1.79 inches in the Lower Peninsula. Temperatures ranged from 29.2 degrees to 45 degrees, with a state average of 38 degrees Fahrenheit.
Winter wheat jointed is at 4%.
State Pricing Tables and Fertilizer Audio -- April 21, 2014
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