Each year the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tests food for pesticides that exceed allowable limits set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). FDA is required to enforce these standards in domestic and imported foods in the U.S.
In FY 2015 food tested was generally in compliance with EPA standards—with domestic food performing higher than imported. FDA analyzed just under 6,000 samples—5,572 human foods and 417 animal foods. The agency tested more import samples (4,737) since they usually have more residue than domestic samples (835).
Tested food came from 111 countries and 39 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. More than 98% of domestic food and 90% of imported foods were compliant. Furthermore no pesticide residue was present in 49.8% of domestic food and 56.8% of imported human food samples. Therefore, less than 2% of domestic and 10% of imported human foods violated federal standards.
Of the 417 total animal food samples there was no pesticide residue in 51.6% of domestic and 57.9% of imported samples. Most samples were from livestock and poultry food with 30 of the samples representing pet food. Less than 3% of animal food (four domestic and 8 imported) were in violation of pesticide residue standards.