May 12 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

May 12, 2015 11:21 AM
 
May 12 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

April Agricultural Summary

Temperatures were generally above-normal across most of the Nation during the month of April. Monthly average temperatures were more than 2°F above normal through the Great Plains and into the Southeast with parts of Florida more than 6°F above normal for the month. The major exceptions to this trend were recorded in the Pacific Northwest, southern Rocky Mountains, and New England, where April average temperatures were below normal. Monthly precipitation levels were generally within 3 inches of normal, with exceptions in the southern Great Plains, the Mississippi Delta, and Kentucky. Oklahoma experienced one of the twenty wettest Aprils during the 121-year period of record, bringing needed moisture to the region's crops.

Corn planting progress began with a slow start near the beginning of the month. By April 12, two percent of the Nation's corn crop was planted, slightly behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average with planting progress at or behind the 5-year average in all estimating States except Kansas. By April 19, producers had planted 9 percent of the Nation's corn crop, 3 percentage points ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Like planting progress, emergence of the corn crop was also behind historical averages during the middle of the month. By April 26, two percent of the 2015 corn crop had emerged, slightly behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had planted 55 percent of this year's corn crop by May 3, twenty-seven percentage points ahead of last year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Thirty-six percent of the corn crop was planted during the final week of the month, tied for the third-highest National weekly planting progress behind the weeks ending May 19, 2013, and May 10, 1992. Planting progress advanced more than 40 percentage points in Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, and North Dakota. By the end of the month planting progress was well ahead of historical averages in the western Corn Belt, but continued to lag behind normal in the eastern Corn Belt.

By April 26, soybean planting was 2 percent complete, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Although planting was most advanced in the Delta, wet conditions led to significant delays in Louisiana-13 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting of the 2015 soybean crop advanced to 13 percent complete by May 3, eight percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 3, Minnesota had planted 32 percent of the soybean crop, 25 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

With activity limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas, 9 percent of the Nation's sorghum crop had been planted by April 5, two percentage points behind last year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By April 19, nineteen percent of the sorghum crop was planted, 4 percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Despite continued wet conditions in Arkansas, planting progress advanced 13 percentage points during the third week of the month to 27 percent complete by April 19. Planting advanced to 29 percent complete by May 3, slightly ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Planting in Kansas and Texas, the two leading sorghum-producing States, continued to lag the respective 5-year averages.

Overall, 44 percent of the 2015 winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on April 5, compared with 35 percent at the same time last year. Since autumn, crop conditions  deteriorated in several areas-with declines of more than 20 percentage points in the good to excellent categories noted in Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Nebraska, North Carolina, and South Dakota. Dry conditions and lack of winter snow cover across the Great Plains were contributing to lower crop ratings. Nationally, 28 percent of the winter wheat crop was headed by April 26, eleven percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Beneficial precipitation promoted rapid crop development during the third week of the month in Arkansas and Oklahoma, with heading advancing 33 and 39 percentage points, respectively, during the week. By May 3, heading of the winter wheat crop had advanced to 43 percent complete, 16 percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 43 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 3, down slightly from the beginning of the month but 12 percentage points above the same time last year.

Nationally, oat producers had seeded 32 percent of this year's crop by April 5, five percentage points behind the 5-year average. With progress limited to the earlier-planted crop in Texas, 26 percent of the Nation's oat crop was emerged, 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Forty-three percent of the oat crop was seeded by April 12, nine percentage points ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Good planting conditions aided fieldwork in the Missouri River Valley, with planting progress advancing 25 percentage points or more during the second week of the month in Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Nationwide, 71 percent of the oat crop was seeded by April 26, nineteen percentage points ahead of last year and 11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Emergence advanced to 43 percent by April 26, seven percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. Oat seeding advanced 14 percentage points during the week to 85 percent complete by May 3, twenty-nine percentage points ahead of last year and 18 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Fifty-seven percent of the crop had emerged by May 3, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Twenty-seven percent of the Nation's barley was planted by April 12, twelve percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Planting progress was well ahead of the historical pace in the Pacific Northwest, with 65 percent planted in Idaho and 55 percent planted in Washington. Fifty-six percent of the barley crop was seeded by April 26, twenty-four percentage points ahead of last year and 21 percentage points-or approximately 2 weeks-ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, 18 percent of the 2015 barley crop was emerged by April 26, eight percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, barley producers had seeded 75 percent of the Nation's crop by May 3, thirty-one percentage points ahead of last year and 28 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 3, emergence was evident in 39 percent of the Nation's barley fields, 23  percentage points ahead of last year and 22 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The emergence of barley was more than 20 percentage points ahead of normal in four of the five estimating States.

By April 12, seventeen percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded, 12 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Spring wheat planting progress was ahead or equal to the 5-year average pace in all 6 estimating States. By April 19, thirty-six percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded, 27 percentage points ahead of last year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting advanced rapidly in the upper Midwest, with planting progress at least 40 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Minnesota and South Dakota. Seventy-five percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded by May 3, fifty percentage points ahead of last year and 35 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting progress was ahead of the 5-year average in all estimating States, including Minnesota where progress was 54 percent complete, more than 3 weeks ahead of the 5-year average. By May 3, thirty percent of the spring wheat crop was emerged, 23 percentage points ahead of last year and 14 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By April 5, producers had seeded 14 percent of the 2015 rice crop, the same as last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. With progress limited to Louisiana, 3 percent of the Nation's rice crop was emerged, slightly behind the 5-year average. By April 19, producers had seeded 32 percent of this year's rice crop, slightly ahead of last year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Progress was near or slightly ahead of respective 5-year averages in Louisiana and Mississippi, but generally well behind normal in most other estimating States. By April 19, seventeen percent of the rice crop was emerged, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By May 3, sixty-one percent of the rice crop was seeded, 6 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. The Nation's leading rice producer, Arkansas, planted 27 percent of the intended rice crop during the final week of the month, with some producers planning to flush fields to promote emergence. Nationally, emergence advanced to 37 percent complete, equal to last year but 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

Nationally, peanut producers had planted 5 percent of this year's crop by April 26, slightly behind both last year and the 5-year average. Planting was most advanced in Alabama, at 9 percent complete, 2 percentage points behind last year, but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, peanut producers had planted 10 percent of this year's crop by May 3, three percentage points behind last year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting was most advanced in Oklahoma, at 43 percent complete, 24 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By April 5, producers had planted 2 percent of this year's cotton crop, 4 percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Progress was most advanced in Arizona at 32 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting inched forward during the second week of April, as cotton producers in the Mississippi Delta and Southeast began seeding their crop. By April 12, four percent of the Nation's crop was planted, 4 percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. By April 26, cotton producers had planted 10 percent of this year's crop, 2 percentage points behind last year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, cotton producers had planted 17 percent of the cotton crop by May 3, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

Five percent of the Nation's sugarbeet crop was planted by April 5, two percentage points behind the 5-year average. The crop was 27 percent planted in Idaho, 15 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting had yet to begin by April 5 in Michigan, despite a 5-year average planting pace of 17 percent complete. Sugarbeet planting progress advanced rapidly in the four estimating States during the third week of April, with weekly progress ranging from 28 percentage points in Idaho and Michigan to 53 percent planted in Minnesota. Nationwide, sugarbeet producers had planted 57 percent of the Nation's crop by April 19, forty-seven percentage points ahead of last year and 32 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By May 3, sugarbeet producers had planted 96 percent of the Nation's crop, 74 percentage points ahead of last year and 45 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had planted at least 95 percent of the sugarbeet crop in Idaho, Minnesota, and North Dakota.

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