Midwest Crop and Weather Reports

September 13, 2011 01:32 PM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Most of Iowa remained dry for the week as farmers made progress harvesting corn for silage. Seed corn harvest is also well underway. Corn moisture levels remain too high for widespread corn for grain harvest although many farmers are making preparations. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. This is the highest statewide days suitable thus far in the 2011 crop year. Topsoil moisture fell to 12 percent very short, 33 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture also declined slightly to 11 percent very short, 34 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Nearly all the corn crop has advanced to at least the dough stage. Ninety-three percent of the corn is at or beyond the dent stage, behind last year but 10 percentage points ahead of normal. One-third of the corn crop is now mature, behind last year’s 56 percent but slightly ahead of the normal 30 percent. Corn condition improved and now stands at 5 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Nearly half of soybean fields are turning color, trailing last year’s 70 percent and the five-year average 63 percent. Just 8 percent of Iowa’s soybean fields are dropping leaves, one week behind last year and normal. Soybean condition also improved and now stands at 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 48 percent good and 16 percent excellent.

Illinois: Dry conditions persisted across the state last week. Precipitation was below normal in all districts for an average of 0.35 inches state-wide, 0.34 inches below average. Temperatures were also below normal averaging 63.1 degrees for the state. The norm for the week is 69.9 degrees. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Corn was maturing at a fast rate given the dry weather. The crop was rated 93 percent dented as compared to a five-year average of 82 percent. Forty-six percent of the crop was rated mature as compared to a five-year average of 41 percent. Five percent of the crop was harvested. Soybeans turning yellow were 46 percent, just below the five-year average of 48 percent, but well below last year’s rating of 70 percent. Some fourth cuttings of hay were made. The quality of many pastures was not good and some farmers were feeding hay to cattle. Topsoil moisture was rated 32 percent very short, 39 percent short, 28 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Nebraska: For the week ending September 11, 2011, crops were turning fall colors during a mostly dry week with below normal temperatures, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Producers were beginning to pick up pipe as irrigation was ending. Corn silage, high moisture corn, and seed corn harvests picked up momentum. Dry bean and proso millet harvests are underway in the west. Flooded land that neighbored rivers has begun to reappear. Temperatures for the week averaged 3 degrees below normal. Highs were mainly in the mid to upper 80’s. Lows were recorded in the 40’s but dipped into the upper 30’s in isolated locations. Only small amounts of rain were recorded in the extreme southwest and western Panhandle counties. The majority of the state received no precipitation.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 57 good, and 19 excellent, below 83 percent good to excellent last year but near 74 average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 81 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 70. Corn in dent or beyond was 90 percent, near 91 last year and 87 average. Corn mature was 9 percent, well behind 23 last year and 20 average. Corn harvest was at 1 percent with seed corn and high moisture fields being taken. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 59 good, and 23 excellent, near 80 percent good to excellent last year but above 73 average. Soybeans turning color was 39 percent, well behind 63 last year and 59 average. Soybeans dropping leaves was 3 percent, behind 18 last year and 13 average.

Missouri: Cool dry weather allowed 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture declined to 38 percent very short, 38 percent short, 23 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The northwest reported topsoil moisture at 17 percent short with no very short as opposed to all other districts that were over 60 percent short and very short. The northeast experienced the worst of the drought with topsoil moisture at 85 percent very short and 15 percent short. On-farm storage availability was 9 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. Off-farm storage availability was 6 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. Some bins were rendered inaccessible due to road closures in the northwest district due to widespread flooding of the Missouri River, and other bins were flooded out.

Corn dented was 97 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and nearly 2 weeks ahead of normal (5-year historic average). Corn mature was 71 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 9 days ahead of normal. Corn harvested was 21 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 1 day ahead of normal. Corn condition was 20 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 26 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, very similar to last week. Corn moisture at harvest averaged 18.7 percent with the southwest averaging 11.7 percent, and the northwest 21.5 percent. Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 95 percent, 3 days behind 2010, but the same as normal. Soybeans turning color and beyond were 33 percent, 2 days ahead of 2010, and 1 day ahead of normal. Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 10 percent, 1 day behind last year, but very similar to historic norms. The north-central, northeast, and southeast districts reported mature soybeans. Soybean condition declined slightly from last week to 14 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 63.9 degrees, 3.7 degrees below normal for the week ending Sunday, September 11, 2011. Precipitation averaged 1.75 inches, 1.23 inches above normal. There were 100 modified growing degree days, 26 days below normal. Reporters rated 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, September 9, 2011. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. Rains this week helped to revive crops, but prevented some field work. As of Sunday September 11th, corn in dough was 93 percent, which was seven percent behind 2010 and three percent behind the five-year average. Corn dented was 56 percent, compared to 89 percent last year and 79 percent for the five-year average. Corn mature was six percent, compared to 46 percent last year and 20 percent for the five-year average. Corn for silage was 22 percent harvested, compared to 74 percent last year and 47 for the five-year average. Nine percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 49 percent last year and 32 percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Cooler temperatures and scattered rains may have been "too little, too late" for most field crops, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Showers may have helped late planted and double cropped soybeans, but most of the corn and soybean crop is too far along to benefit significantly. Previous extreme conditions hastened maturity but grain moisture remains high. Yield reports from operators who have begun shelling corn have varied widely. Silage and seed corn harvest is well underway.

There were 5.0 days suitable for field work. Ninetysix percent of the corn crop is in dough compared to 100 percent last year and 97 percent for the 5-year average. Seventy-two percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 95 percent last year and 79 percent for the 5-year average. Twenty-two percent of the corn acreage is mature compared to 66 percent last year and 32 percent for the 5-year average. One percent of the corn acreage has been harvested, compared to 12 percent last year and 4 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 34 percent good to excellent compared with 56 percent last year at this time. Twenty-one percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared to 57 percent last year and 32 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 41 percent good to excellent compared with 52 percent last year at this time.

Minnesota: Above normal temperatures and virtually no precipitation recorded this past week depleted topsoil moisture supplies for the eighth consecutive week, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Reporters across the state noted a need for rain, and as of September 11, topsoil moisture supply conditions were rated 9 percent very short, 30 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Although warm, dry weather depleted topsoil moisture, those same conditions aided harvest progress. Statewide, 6.8 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn harvested for silage advanced to 40 percent complete, compared to 45 percent average. Thirty-nine percent of the state’s soybeans were turning yellow, compared to 74 percent last year and 70 percent average, while 9 percent were shedding leaves, compared to 33 percent last year and 30 percent average. Soybean condition ratings were mostly fair to good. Eighty-three percent of corn was in the dent stage, compared to 82 percent average, and 10 percent was in the mature stage, compared to 20 percent average. Corn condition ratings were mostly fair to good.

South Dakota: Another week of warm dry weather brought 6.8 days suitable for field work last week. Row crops are beginning to reach maturity, though some could still benefit from a late growing season rain. Range and pasture conditions have decreased some into the fair range from good to excellent, but livestock conditions are holding steady in the good to excellent range.

High pressure covered the state during the week leading to little cloudiness and very quiet weather, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. A couple fronts passed bringing some slightly cooler air and wind shifts. Neither had sufficient moisture to produce any rainfall across the state. No precipitation occurred anywhere in the state during the week. This is a rather unusual occurrence that no one received any measureable amounts. In some areas East River this is leading to a problem where dryness over the last 30-45 days is causing some early drydown and stress in crops. The longer term dryness during the summer in the area around Hamlin County in the east central part of the state led to introduction of D1 (Moderate Drought) on the US Drought Monitor with last week’s map. Much larger areas have been dry over the last 30-45 days. Temperature conditions were somewhat variable during the week with cooler temperatures early and warmer conditions later in the week. Most locations were above average in temperature by 1-5° F. Stations across the south and into central parts of the state were below average by up to 4° F. The high for the week was 93° F at Milesville; the low was at Custer with 32° F. Growing degree days continue to lag across most of the western parts of the state. The far southeast and an area extending north to around Aberdeen are slightly ahead or close to average since April 1. Soil moisture conditions have dropped slightly with topsoil beginning to dry out more than subsoil from warm dry winds and lack of rain in many areas. Topsoil moisture is rated at 61 percent adequate to surplus, 3 percentage points below last week, and 10 percentage points below last year. Subsoil moisture was rated at 70 percent adequate to surplus, equal with the previous week but 3 percentage points below the previous year. Row crops are beginning to reach maturity, though some are still behind last years’ development and the five year averages. Soybeans dropping leaves are at 33 percent, behind the previous year of 45 percent. Seventy-nine percent of the corn is now at the dent stage, with 10 percent rated mature, behind last year at 19 percent mature. Harvesting of corn silage is now 41 percent complete, behind last year at 54 percent, but slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 40 percent.

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