Midwest Crop Tour Findings: Day 1

August 18, 2008 07:00 PM
2008 Pro Farmer Midwest Crop Tour

Ohio corn shows the impact of a too wet; too dry season. South Dakota crops need a full September to mature. Ohio crops reflect a big range of maturity and signs that a delayed, wet planting season punished crop prospects. Now, the state needs rain. In South Dakota, corn is going to require a full six weeks of good weather to express its potential, based on data gathered by experienced crop scouts on the first day of this week’s Pro Farmer Midwest Crop Tour.

In Ohio, Tour participants measured corn yields at an average of 148.75 bushels per acre based on interior field samples pulled Monday. This compares to a 144.31 bu. per acre yield measured by the Tour in 2007.

Eastern tour director and Pro Farmer senior editor, Roger Bernard, comments, “We were in corn fields that are well behind normal development for this time of year. We pulled lots of samples not yet in the dough stage. Delayed planting because of wet conditions means this crop is going to have to hustle. It is in need of regular rains now; it is very dry here.”

On soybeans, Ohio Tour participants found an average of 1103.61 pods per 3' x 3' square, compared to 1,226.7 measured by the 2007 Tour.

“Dry conditions are impacting soybeans. The plants are short. The beans will really need time, as pods are still flat. Looked like the early bloom was about finished, although future rains could result in a burst of new blooms.” according to Eastern Tour Crop Consultant Mark Bernard. “Plant health is fine, but we were spotting some Japanese beetles as we sampled.”

In South Dakota, Tour participants measured an average corn yield of 147.62 bu. per acre, compared to 111.42 bu. per acre tabulated during the 2007 Tour (previous 3-year Tour average: 118.85). The current-year data is based on multiple in-field samples analyzed Monday.

Western tour director and Pro Farmer editor, Chip Flory, notes, ”We were concerned that we found so many corn fields in the late-milk to mid-dough stage. This crop needs all of September to get to maturity. We found corn was in decent shape, and fairly consistent. A big question on how and when it will mature..” (The government’s latest weekly crop ratings scored SD the highest good-to-excellent marks of any state we are visiting [80%].)

On soybeans, the Tour measured an average of 860.82 pods per 3' x 3' square in South Dakota. That compares to 1.068.92 in a 3' x 3' foot square in 2007.

The soybeans were exhibiting very little disease or insect pressure. “They are still blooming; those podding still had flat pods. They will need rain and a pretty normal frost date,” reports Western Tour Crop Consultant Terry Johnston. “Clearly, this crop needs both moisture and time.”

The Tour moves on to sample in central Nebraska today on the western leg while the eastern Tour routes will take scouts through Indiana and into eastern Illinois.

Following are links to final data gathered for Ohio and South Dakota by the Tour on Day One:

Results tables for Ohio.

Results tables for South Dakota.


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