If you ever expected to find milk quality issues with compost bedded pack barns, the heat and humidity of a Kentucky summer might be a good place to look.
But under good management and cow care, there were no statistical differences found in this University of Kentucky study that compared bedded pack barns and freestalls bedded with sand.
Kentucky researchers compared rates of mastitis and somatic cell counts in eight compost bedded barns and seven barns with sand-bedded freestalls.
The reported clinical mastitis incidence was just over 1% per month in both types of barns. The mastitis infection prevalence, defined as the percent of the herd above 200,000 somatic cell count, was 22% in composted bedded pack barns and 19% in sand bedded freestalls, though the difference was not statistically significant.
The cows’ SCC average was 242,000 cells/ml in the compost-bedded barn and 229,000 in the sand-bedded freestall barns, but again there was no statistical difference. The same was true for bulk tank somatic cell counts: 230,000 for the compost bedded barns and 205,000 for the sand-bedded freestall barns.
“Overall, no differences were observed for the main effects of housing, maximum humidity index or [cow] hygiene score,” says Jeff Bewley, one of the lead researchers of the project.
“These results indicate that compost bedded pack barns provide a housing environment comparable to sand bedded freestalls in Kentucky,” he says. “Additional research is needed to determine if these results are consistent in compost barns and sand freestalls not following best management practices and housing facilities in other climates.”