Foreign government approvals hold up U.S.-approved technology
Think back to the biotech revolution of the mid-90s to now. Today, more than 90% of corn and soybean acres are planted to biotech crops, many of which are stacked with multiple biotech traits (see examples starting on page 34). As of press time, some new biotech products are in regulatory limbo. Learn the approval status for these products and any accompanying chemistries that might make a difference on your farm.
Dow AgroSciences: Enlist corn, soybeans and cotton. Enlist crop technology allows farmers to use Enlist Duo herbicide with Colex-D technology (for drift and volatility reduction). The herbicide combines 2,4-D choline and glyphosate and can be applied over Enlist corn and soybeans. Currently, Enlist Duo is registered for over-the-top use in corn and soybeans in 15 states and awaiting 18 more state labels. Over-the-top use in cotton still needs federal registration by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state registration in 33 states.
The traits have a thumbs-up in the U.S. but are awaiting Chinese and European Union (EU) approval. We’re confident in a 2017 launch in corn and are prepared for a 2017 launch in soybeans,” says Jonathan Siebert, Enlist field sales leader at Dow AgroSciences. Enlist cotton was launched this year but cannot be used with Enlist Duo herbicide.
Monsanto: Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans and cotton. China recently approved Roundup Ready 2 Xtend technology for U.S. grain exports. Xtend is available in soybeans and cotton. Pending regulatory approval, glyphosate and dicamba can be sprayed over the top of soybeans and glyphosate, glufosinate and dicamba over the top of cotton. The accompanying herbicides XtendiMax and Xtend are not yet approved by the EPA for over-the-top use. Public comments ended May 31.
While Xtend is approved in the U.S. and China, the EU has yet to give the company the go-ahead. “The delay is unexpected and unacceptable,” says Kyel Richard, Monsanto product communications lead for soybeans, cotton and crop protection products. “We expect EU approval at any time.” The company offered a limited soybean launch in 2016 and anticipates a full launch in cotton and soybeans in 2017.
Syngenta: Agrisure Duracade. Agrisure Duracade offers a unique mode of action against rootworm pests. The corn trait is approved for growth in the U.S. but pending import approval in China and the EU. While the corn can’t be exported, U.S. farmers can grow it if they follow an agreement to keep the corn out of the general supply.
“Growers who need to manage the threat of corn rootworm can buy corn hybrids with the Agrisure Duracade trait if they agree—through a written agreement—to feed the grain or silage to livestock or deliver it to select feedlots, feed mills or ethanol plants designated by Syngenta,” says Duane Martin, commercial traits lead for Syngenta.
Friday, July 22, Monsanto gained EU import approval for Roundup Ready 2 Xtend products. The company is still awaiting approval for over-the-top use of dicamba.