Nov. 10 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

November 10, 2015 11:21 AM
 
Harvest1

During the month of October, warm temperatures facilitated the rapid harvest of row crops across the nation. Above average temperatures were observed across most of the United States, including the northern Rocky Mountains recording monthly average temperatures more than 6°F above normal. Exceptions to the trend occurred in areas of the Atlantic Coast where temperatures were slightly below normal. Large portions of the country experienced higher than normal precipitation, including the mid-Atlantic States, southern Great Plains, and the southern Rocky Mountains. Monthly rainfall totals exceeded 12 inches in areas of Texas, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina during October. Texas and Louisiana rains included remnants of Hurricane Patricia, while the Carolinas experienced a low-pressure system that led to extensive flooding. In contrast, the northern portions of the Great Plains and Mississippi Valley recorded below average precipitation for the month allowing more suitable days for fieldwork.

By October 4, eighty-six percent of the corn crop was mature, 11 percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, producers had harvested 27 percent of the corn crop by October 4, eleven percentage points ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-four percent of this Nation's corn crop was mature by October 11, three percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By October 11, harvest progress advanced to 42 percent complete, 19 percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Fifty-nine percent of this year's corn crop was harvested by October 18, twenty-nine percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 17 percentage points during the second week of October Nationwide including an advance of 29 percentage points in Minnesota, 23 percentage points in Iowa, and 22 percentage points in North Dakota. Overall, 68 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on October 18, unchanged from the beginning of the month but 6 percentage points less than the same time last year. Nationally, 85 percent of the corn was harvested by November 1, twenty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Dry conditions in the Midwest allowed for the soybean harvest to advance rapidly as October began. Eighty-five percent of this year's soybean crop was at or beyond the leaf dropping stage by October 4, four percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 42 percent of the soybean crop was harvested by October 4, twenty-three percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By October 11, leaf drop in this year's soybean crop was 92 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, producers had harvested 62 percent of the soybean crop by October 11, twenty-five percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. During that week, harvest progress advanced by 20 percentage points or more in 8 estimating States including 33 percentage points in Iowa. Overall, 64 percent of the soybean crop was reported in good to excellent condition on October 11, nine percentage points below the same time last year. By October 18, ninety-six percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves or beyond, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. By mid-month, harvest progress remained well ahead of historical averages in the eastern Corn Belt. Soybean producers had harvested 77 percent of the Nation's crop by October 18, twenty-six percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 1, ninety-two percent of the soybean crop was harvested, 11 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. All estimating States were at or ahead of the 5-year average harvest pace on November 1 except Mississippi.

Bolls were opening across 77 percent of this year's cotton acreage by October 4, five percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Nationally, harvest was 16 percent complete by October 4, two percentage points ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress was at or behind the 5-year average in 11 of the 15 estimating States at the beginning of the month. By October 11, eighty-nine percent of the Nation's cotton acreage was at or beyond the boll-opening stage, 13 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationwide, cotton producers had harvested 22 percent of this year's crop by October 11, slightly ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Eleven percent of Georgia's cotton was harvested by October 11, only advancing 3 percentage points from the previous week and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average due to overcast skies and wet conditions. Nationwide, half of this year's cotton crop was harvested by November 1, slightly ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. During that week, rainy conditions slowed the harvest of cotton in Texas, where only 3 percent of the State's crop was harvested. Overall, 47 percent of the cotton crop was rated in good to excellent condition on November 1, down slightly from the beginning of October and slightly below the same time last year.

Nationwide, 77 percent of the sorghum crop was mature by October 4, eleven percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By October 4, forty-three percent of the Nation's crop was harvested, 7 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Maturity of the Nation's sorghum crop had advanced to 85 percent complete by October 11, nine percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 51 percent of the Nation's crop by this time, 11 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 66 percent of the sorghum crop was reported in good to excellent condition on October 11, up slightly from the beginning of the month and nine percentage points better than the same time last year. Producers had harvested 79 percent of the Nation's sorghum crop by November 1, fifteen percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. During the final week of the month, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and South Dakota producers recorded double-digit harvest progress.

By October 4, producers had sown 49 percent of the Nation's 2016 winter wheat crop, 5 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting progress advanced 20 percentage points or more during the week ending October 4 in Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Ohio, and Oklahoma. Nationwide, 20 percent of the winter wheat crop was emerged by October 4, six percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Emergence advanced over 20 percentage points during that week in Idaho, Montana, and Nebraska. Producers had sown 76 percent of the 2016 winter wheat crop by October 18, slightly ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. During that week, planting progress advanced 27 percentage points in Indiana, 23 percentage points in Ohio, and 22 percentage points in Illinois. Nationwide, emergence had advanced to 49 percent complete by October 18, five percentage points behind last year but equal to the 5-year average. Producers had seeded 88 percent of the 2016 winter wheat crop by November 1, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 72 percent of the crop had emerged by November 1, four percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Overall, 49 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition on November 1, 10 percentage points below the same time last year. Winter wheat was rated 45 percent in the good to excellent categories in Kansas on November 1, nineteen percentage points below the same time last year.

Rice producers had harvested 78 percent of this year's crop by October 4, ten percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers completed double-digit advances in harvest progress in Arkansas, Mississippi, and Missouri during the week ending October 4. By October 11, producers had harvested 88 percent of the Nation's crop, 8 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. The rice harvest advanced 25 percentage points during that week in California. By October 18, ninety-five percent of this year's rice crop was harvested, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At mid-month, harvest progress was at or ahead of the 5-year average in all estimating States.

Peanut harvest progress was hampered by wet conditions in the Southeast as October began. Producers had harvested 23 percent of the Nation's peanut crop by October 4, three percentage points ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 32 percent of the Nation's peanut crop by October 11, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 18 percentage points during the week ending October 11 in Florida and 13 percentage points in Alabama, but was much slower across the rest of the Southeast due to wet conditions. Producers had harvested 32 percent of the Nation's peanut crop by October 11, slightly ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By October 18, forty-five percent of the Nation's peanut crop had been dug and combined, 3 percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 61 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition on October 18, six percentage points better than the same time last year. By November 1, producers had harvested 72 percent of this year's peanut crop, 5 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. During the final week of the month, twenty percent or more of the peanut crop was harvested in North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Virginia.

By October 4, forty-four percent of the Nation's sugarbeet crop had been harvested, 7 percentage points ahead of last year and 17 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 79 percent of the Nation's sugarbeet crop by October 18, twelve percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The sugarbeet harvest was virtually complete in Minnesota and North Dakota. For the week ending October 25, eighty-six percent of the sugarbeet crop was harvested, equal to last year but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. During that week, Michigan producers reported lower than desired sugar content due to damage from cercospora leaf spot. By November 1, sugarbeet producers had harvested 91 percent of this year's crop, 2 percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Rain and warm temperatures caused challenges during the final week of October with the sugarbeet harvest in Michigan, as pile storage had to be halted again due to expected above average temperatures.

By October 11, ten percent of this year's sunflower crop was harvested, 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, producers surpassed the halfway point for harvest progress with 54 percent complete by October 25, ten percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By November 1, sixty-nine percent of the sunflower crop was harvested, 22 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy percent of the crop was harvested in North Dakota by November 1, fourteen percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

 

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