All cotton production is forecast at 16.3 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from last month but up 26 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 790 pounds per harvested acre, down 31 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.7 million 480-pound bales, up 28 percent from 2013. Pima cotton production, forecast at 578,000 bales, was carried forward from last month.
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Upland cotton harvested area is expected to total 9.7 million acres, unchanged from last month but up 32 percent from 2013. Pima harvested area, at 189,400 acres, was carried forward from last month.
As of September 28, forty-nine percent of the cotton acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, compared with 42 percent at this time last year. Sixty-four percent of the crop had open bolls by September 28, seven percentage points ahead of last year but 6 percentage points behind the 5- year average. Ten percent of the crop had been harvested by September 28, three percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average.
Scattered showers persisted throughout much of September; however dry weather by the end of the month allowed producers to begin harvest in many areas. Record high yields are forecast in Arizona and Kansas.
Ginnings totaled 1,154,450 running bales prior to October 1, compared with 486,400 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.