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Oct. 10 Crop Production: Record Year For Corn

17:34PM Oct 10, 2014
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Corn production is forecast at 14.5 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 174.2 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from the September forecast and 15.4 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013. Acreage updates were made in several States following a thorough review of all available data.

To read the full report with charts, click here.

Total planted area at 90.9 million acres is down 1 percent from the previous estimate. Acreage harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013.

The September 1 corn objective yield data indicate the highest number of ears on record for the combined 10 objective yield States (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin).

At 14.5 billion bushels, 2014 corn production is forecast to be the highest production on record for the United States. The forecasted yield, at 174.2 bushels per acre, is also expected to be a new record high. Twenty-two States expect a record high corn yield for 2014.

No major weather events were reported in the Corn Belt during September. However this year's late maturing crop delayed harvest in the top 18 corn producing States. By September 7, sixty-nine percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, 8 percentage points ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-four percent of the corn was reported in good to excellent condition, 20 percentage points better than the same time last year.

By September 14, twenty-seven percent of the corn crop was mature, 7 percentage points ahead of last year but 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Corn was 19 percent mature in Iowa, 25 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 90 percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage by September 21, two percentage points behind the 5-year average. At the same time, 7 percent of the corn was harvested, 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Corn harvest progress was behind the state 5-year averages in all estimating states except Texas.

The corn crop ended the month with 60 percent of the crop mature, equal to the same time last year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Twelve percent of the corn crop was harvested by week's end, slightly ahead of last year but 11 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 74 percent of the crop was reported to be in good to excellent condition, 19 percentage points better than the same time last year.
 

 
 

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