When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale), the HRW wheat crop fell roughly 7 cents to 283, with Kansas dropping 4 points. Meanwhile the SRW wheat crop changed marginally relative to the week prior.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.08%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.
(Palmer Drought Index below text.)
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:
Kansas: For the week ending April 27, 2014, most of eastern and north central Kansas received significant precipitation, acc ording to USDA’s National Agricultur al Statistics Service. However, o nly limited amounts of moisture were recorded in western d rought counties. Average temperatures were four to eight degrees above normal for the week. Many farmers took advantage of the good weather to plant corn before the rains came. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies improved to 27% very short, 40% short, 32% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 44% short, 28% adequate, and 0% surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 24% poor, 42% fair, 20% good, and 1% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 56%, near 52% last year but behind the five-year average of 74%. Winter wheat headed was 4%, compared to 1% last year and 17% average.
Texas: Freezing temperatures and hail affected much of the state last week, reaching from the Panhandle all the way to South Texas. Later in the week, hot temperatures and high winds increased the potential of wildfires. Moisture was scarce across the state, with scattered areas of the Northern Low Plains and Cross Timbers receiving upwards of 1 inch of precipitation.
Freeze and hail damage to small grains in the Panhandle and the Edwards Plateau ranged from mild to severe, prompting some producers to graze out or bale the remainder. In the Blacklands, wheat was mostly headed.
Oklahoma: Severe weather moved through the state last weekend. There were reports of hail damage in Central and Southeastern Oklahoma. The storm continued to move east, where the first deadly tornado of the year hit Ottawa County. The tornado destroyed homes and businesses as it continued to move east toward the Arkansas and Missouri state lines. Minimal rain fell with this storm. Precipitation last week ranged from 0.03 of an inch in the Panhandle to 1.45 inches in the Southeast District. The dryline formed across the state leaving the western portion dry. Any moisture received was carried away by the high winds.
Precipitation in Southeast Oklahoma was welcomed but more is needed to improve forages and fill stock ponds. Drought conditions continued to worsen, especially in the Northwestern portion of the state. Small grain crop assessments will be made in the upcoming Ag Yield producer survey during the week of April 27; results will be issued in the May Crop Production report issued May 9.
Winter wheat was struggling due to the prolonged drought and the freeze from the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 28% adequate to surplus and 72% short to very short. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 20% adequate to surplus and 80% short to very short. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork on average across the state. Winter wheat conditions were rated mostly poor to very poor with 26% rated fair. Winter wheat jointing reached 90%, two points behind last year. Winter wheat headed reached 45% by Sunday, 26 points ahead of the previous year and 14 points behind the five year average.
Nebraska: For the week ending April 27, 2014, corn planting picked up momentum but progress was limited by rain at mid-week across much of the eastern half of the state, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. An inch of rainfall was common in eastern and south central counties. However, little or no moisture was received across western counties as drought conditions continued. Soybean planting was underway but was limited as producers were focused on corn. Temperatures averaged 6 to 8 degrees above normal. The number of days suitable for fieldwork was 5.3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 39 short, 46 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17% very short, 45 short, 38 adequate, and 0 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 30% fair, 51% good, and 5% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 5%, near 6% last year but behind the five-year average of 25%.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
North Carolina (9.48%)
* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.
Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather reports:
Illinois: Producers ma de significant planting progress in the field last week as temperatures slowly increased throughout t he state. Corn plant ing increased to 32% complete, in line with the five-year average of 33%. Oat and sorghum planting progressed to 66 and 7% repectively. A few farmers switched to soybeans after they finshed planting corn. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork with some modera te rain over the weekend. Statewide temperatures averaged 57.6 degrees, 1.8 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0. 62 inches, 0.23 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture was rated at 11% short, 74% adequate, and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 5% very short, 25% short, 65% adequate, and 5% surplus.
Winter wheat conditions were rated at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 30% fair, 48% good, and 14% excellent.
Ohio: There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending April 27, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Precipitation for the week ranged between 0.30 inches and 0.47 inches. Average temperatures ranged from 49.0 degrees to 55.8 degrees, with a state average of 53.0 degrees Fahrenheit. Warmer temperatures and less rain allowed producers to spend more time in the field this week.
Field work activities included tillage, topdressing wheat, and fertilizer and lime application. Producers have begun planting oats more heavily. While some corn planting has begun, many producers delayed planting due to concerns about cool soils and weather forecasts for the coming week. A small amount soybean planting was reported. While progress for all three crops seems to be slow relative to the five-year averages, it's important to note that those averages include the unusually fast years of 2012 and 2010. Winter wheat and hay and pasture conditions are mixed, with most reporting fair to good condition.
Michigan: According to the Great Lakes Regional office of NASS, there were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Cold and wet conditions limited fieldwork in most parts of the state. Despite unfavorable conditions, sugarbeet planting and oat seeding progressed. Field activities for the week included spring tillage, pruning orchards, weed spraying, and fertilizer application. Row crop planting was delayed due to persistent cold and wet weather. Livestock conditions were good, and maple production conditions were favorable. While progress seems to be slow relative to the five-year averages, it's important to note that those averages include the unusually fast years of 2010 and 2012. There were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork.
Evening Report (VIP) -- April 28, 2014
Sate-By-State Price Tables and Fertilizer Audio -- April 28, 2014