PF CCI: Most Midwest States See Corn Ratings Deteriorate

July 22, 2013 10:54 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn fell 5 points over the past week as every Corn Belt state excepting the Dakotas and Ohio saw conditions decline. Our CCI for soybeans also slid by 1 point to 362 as of Sunday. The condition of the Iowa crop held steady, while other big-I states and Nebraska saw declines from week-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

7/21/13

7/14/13

7/22/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.36
4.38
3.59

Illinois (14.56%)

54.58

55.46

32.17

Indiana (6.56%)

26.24

26.57

14.03

Iowa (17.95%)

62.63

63.17

49.56

Kansas (3.96%)

11.65
12.48
9.71

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.11

5.14

2.58

Michigan (2.72%)

10.31

10.50

6.25

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.34
39.67

35.01

Missouri (2.72%)

8.96
9.42

5.51

Nebraska (12.08%)

44.32
45.77
35.65

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.75
2.69

2.20

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.39
9.37

6.12

Ohio (4.19%)

16.67
16.42

10.18

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.17
4.16

3.26

S. Dakota (4.94%)

19.12
19.12

14.51

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.87
2.88

1.63

Texas (1.8%)

6.38
6.18

6.35

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.72
14.88

10.69

Corn total

366.29

371.27

263.25

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

7/21/13

7/14/13

7/22/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.85
13.53
12.13

Illinois (13.47%)

50.71
50.85

32.46

Indiana (7.83%)

29.79
29.87

18.56

Iowa
(14.86%)

52.11
52.11

43.25

Kansas (4.10%)

11.21
11.58
9.97

Kentucky (1.78%)

6.98
7.06

4.25

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.05
5.07

4.27

Michigan (2.60%)

10.02
10.18

7.24

Minnesota (9.07%)

35.06
35.06

31.84

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.43
9.68
9.95

Missouri (6.47%)

19.49
20.14

13.59

Nebraska (8.06%)

28.24
29.02

23.22

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.49
5.33

5.14

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.32
16.76

13.37

Ohio
(6.75%)

25.67
25.33

17.76

S. Dakota (4.97%)

18.32
18.18

15.34

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

9.00
9.07

6.77

Soybean total

361.91
363.07

280.09

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Crops were beginning to need rain as dry weather continued the week ending July 21, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). It was the third week in a row with below-average precipitation, which has caused soil moisture conditions to decline, and has led to crops needing additional moisture. Statewide there was an average of 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Statewide, 43% of topsoil was in the adequate and surplus categories, a decline of 22 percentage points from the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 43% short, 42% adequate and 1% surplus. A total of 66% of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus categories, down 18 percentage points from last week. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4% very short, 30% short, 63% adequate and 3% surplus.

Thirty-five percent of the corn crop has tasseled, well behind last year's 95% and the five-year average of 70%. Eighteen percent of the corn crop was silking, lagging behind last year's 87% and the normal 54%. Overall, the corn development was about 10 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 31% fair, 43% good and 12% excellent. Thirty-six percent of the soybean crop was blooming, behind last year's 83% and the five-year average of 70%. Scattered reports of soybeans setting pods were received. Soybeans condition was rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 33% fair, 43% good and 13% excellent.

Illinois: Crop development continued to take off last week in most parts of the state. However, weather conditions have stressed some crops and farmers will need rain in the days ahead. Meanwhile in the Southern part of the state, fields have received ample rain and in some areas a little too much. The temperatures across the state averaged 80.7 degrees for the week, 3.9 degrees above normal. There were 6.3 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture across the state was rated as 2% very short, 25% short, 64% adequate and 9% surplus.

Corn conditions were rated as 1% very poor, 7% poor, 27% fair, 46% good, and 19% excellent. Corn average height reached 75 inches, 12 inches taller than the previous week. Soybeans blooming progressed to 50% with soybean conditions rated as 2% very poor, 5% poor, 21% fair, 59% good, and 13% excellent.

Nebraska: Another week of limited precipitation and seasonably hot temperatures stressed dryland crops with irrigation active statewide, according to USDA’s NASS. Pockets of rain did occur early and late in the week, but no general rainfall was received as crops neared peak moisture demands. Statewide, producers had 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies declined and rated 26% very short, 44% short, 30% adequate, and 0% surplus. Statewide, subsoil moisture supplies also declined and rated 35% very short, 40% short, 25% adequate, and 0% surplus.

All corn condition rated 4% very poor, 7% poor, 23% fair, 50% good, and 16% excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 82% good or excellent, compared to 75% average. Dryland corn conditions rated 45% good or excellent, compared to 68% average. Poorest dryland conditions were in South Central counties. Corn silking was 50% complete, behind 85% last year and 64% average.

Soybean conditions rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 54% good, and 9% excellent. Sixty-five percent of the crop was blooming, behind 79% last year but near 61% average. Thirteen percent of the crop was setting pods, behind 25% last year but near 15% average.

Minnesota: Warm weather advanced crop development in Minnesota during the week ending July 21, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. The National Weather Service issued multiple heat advisories statewide and later in the week announced flood warnings in the northeast part of the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies remained mostly adequate. Temperatures averaged 4.0 degrees above normal at 74.1 degrees statewide. A statewide weekly average of 0.78 inches of rain fell, with the Northeast region receiving the most rain at 1.85 inches. Six days were suitable for field work last week, compared to last year's 6.3 days.

Nineteen percent of corn was at or beyond the silking stage, behind last year's 92% and the five year average of 46%. Corn stalks grew an average of 15 inches last week to 59 inches. Corn conditions remained at 64% good or excellent. Thirty-nine percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the blooming stage, an advancement of 18 percentage points from the previous estimate. Soybean plants grew 4 inches to 16 inches tall. Soybean conditions improved to 65% good or excellent.

Indiana: A week of hot, dry weather placed stress on both crops and livestock, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Soil moisture was rapidly being depleted with temperatures soaring above ninety degrees. Most irrigation systems were running during the week to try to keep up with the moisture loss. Aerial applications of fungicide were being made to both corn and soybean fields. Detasseling was prevalent on seed corn operations.

There were 6.1 days suitable for field work during the week. Sixty-two percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 88% last year and 60% for the five-year average. Corn condition declined slightly and is rated 78% good to excellent compared with 7% last year at this time.

Fifty-six percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 76% last year and 54% for the 5-year average. Twelve percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 29% last year and 14% for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74% good to excellent compared with 12% last year at this time.

South Dakota: For the week ending July 21, 2013, scattered rain showers and above normal temperatures continued to advance crop development last week, according to the USDA’s NASS. Major activities for the week included haying and spraying of row crops. Statewide, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 21% short, 70% adequate, and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 23% short, 65% adequate, and 6% surplus.

Corn silking was 32%, behind 59% last year but ahead of 23% average. Condition rated 2% very poor, 3% poor, 20% fair, 56% good, and 19% excellent.

Soybean blooming was 56%, behind last year’s 85% and 61% average. Setting pods were 5%, behind 25% last year and 12% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 23% fair, 56% good, and 17% excellent.

Ohio: There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending July 21, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warm weather and low precipitation this week aided crop progress and allowed farmers to access their fields for necessary fieldwork. Corn has recovered well after flooding and winds from last week, and condition looks good as some is even beginning to dough. Soybeans are blooming but there are reports that in some fields the crop is looking stressed due to water damage from heavy rains in the previous couple weeks.


 07 22 13 Palmer Drought Index

07 22 13 Palmer Precip Needed

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