Pro Farmer's CCI: Iowa Leads Corn & Soybean Ratings Lower Again

September 9, 2013 10:59 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn dropped 4.28 points over the past week, with Iowa again leading the decline.

Soybean condition ratings dipped more than 6 points over the past week, with Iowa, Illinois and Indiana all declining by more than a point.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

9/08/13

9/01/13

9/09/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.02
4.30
3.01

Illinois (14.56%)

50.80
51.09
29.66

Indiana (6.56%)

23.94
24.67
14.03

Iowa (17.95%)

54.20
55.99
44.44

Kansas (3.96%)

11.85
12.00
8.42

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.26
5.25
2.50

Michigan (2.72%)

10.15
10.09
6.61

Minnesota (10.87%)

37.17
37.28
32.94

Missouri (2.72%)

8.53
8.39
5.04

Nebraska (12.08%)

43.35
43.83
32.63

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.67
2.65
2.16

N. Dakota (2.49%)

8.02
8.00
5.91

Ohio (4.19%)

17.01
16.84
9.81

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.27
4.34
3.49

S. Dakota (4.94%)

17.74
17.74
12.68

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.99
3.01
1.69

Texas (1.8%)

6.38
6.38
6.20

Wisconsin (3.99%)

12.44
12.96
11.20

Corn total

341.99
346.27
245.72

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybean

9/08/13

9/01/13

9/09/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

14.40
13.89
12.35

Illinois (13.47%)

45.32
46.40

34.75

Indiana (7.83%)

26.96
28.11

20.83

Iowa
(14.86%)

43.45
45.80

40.88

Kansas (4.10%)

11.55
12.00
8.25

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.18
7.13

5.12

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.28
5.37

4.32

Michigan (2.60%)

9.91
9.93

7.60

Minnesota (9.07%)

32.76
32.76

31.48

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.68
10.73
10.47

Missouri (6.47%)

17.78
18.20

12.49

Nebraska (8.06%)

27.93
28.55

20.32

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.32
5.30

5.40

N. Dakota (3.77%)

13.78
13.73

12.62

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.22
26.08

20.05

S. Dakota (4.97%)

16.33
16.56

13.36

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

7.63
7.89

7.18

Soybean total

335.68
341.89

278.37

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Iowa experienced warmer and drier than normal weather during the week ending September 8, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Some rain fell in the western part of the State, but most areas continued to be dry. Hot temp eratures pushed crops to mature, but crop conditions are showing stress from the heat and lack of precipitation. Statewide there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 52% very short, 33% short, 15% ad equate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 41% very short, 40% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus. Topsoil moisture was considered very short on over 50% of the acreage in the southern two-thirds of Iowa.

With nearly all the corn crop in or past the milk stage, 86% of the crop reached the dough stage, trailing the normal 93%. Fifty-four percent of the crop has reached the dent stage, 24 percentage points behind normal. Only 5% o f corn was mature, just over two weeks behind normal. Corn condition declined slightly and rated 9% very poor, 19% poor, 37% fair, 31% good and 4% excellent.

With almost the entire soybean crop setting pods, 12% has begun turning color. Some of the earliest planted soybeans have begun to drop leaves. Soybean condition also declined and was rated 10% very poor, 20% poor, 37% fair, 30% good and 3% excellent.

Illinois: Temperatures throughout the state were near normal last week. Statewide temperatures averaged 71.6 degrees, 1.0 degree above normal. Precipitation across the state averaged 0.27 inches, 0.36 inches below normal. Crop conditions declined slightly last week due to continued dry weather in much of the state. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture was rated at 31% very short, 48% short, and 21% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 20% very short, 48% short, and 32% adequate. Corn dough reached 95%, compared to 100% last year and the five-year average of 96%. Corn in the dent stage reached 69%, compared to 97% last year and the five-year average of 78%. Corn condition was rated at 3% very poor, 11% poor, 31% fair, 44% good, and 11% excellent. Soybeans turning yellow reached 18%. Soybean condition was rated at 4% very poor, 12% poor, 35% fair, 42% good, and 7% excellent. Pasture conditions were rated at 9% very poor, 28% poor, 40% fair, 19% good, and 4% excellent.

Minnesota: Soil moisture supplies continued to decline in Minnesota during the week ending September 8, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Almost one - third of the state’s topsoil and 23% of the subsoil was rated very short as many areas received no precipitation. Northwest Minnesota had the most rainfall at 0.29 inch. The statewide average rainfall a mount was only 0.05 inch. Minnesota’s average temperature was 4.4 degrees above normal at 66.9 degrees. An average of 6.4 days were suitable for field work statewide.

Nearly all of the state’s corn was at or beyond the milk stage. Corn was 85% at or beyond the dough stage, remaining almost a week behind the average 94%. Corn is 50% dented, compared to last year’s 95%. Scattered observations of mature corn were reported. Corn conditions wer e rated 3% very poor, 10% poor, 36% fair, 44% good and 7% excellent.

Ninety-eight percent of soybeans were setting pods, compared to the average of 100%. Twenty-seven percent of the soybeans are turning yellow, w ell behind last year’s 81%. Seven percent of soybeans are dropping leaves, 5 days behind normal. Soybean conditions rated 51% good or excellent. Spring wheat harvest, at 91%, moved slightly ahead of the five - year average of 89 perce nt . Sweet corn harvest advanced 14 percentage points to 70% but remained behind the normal 76%.

Nebraska: For the week ending September 8, 2013, temperatures, for the third week in a row, were well above normal. This again combined with limited rainfall to draw down soil moisture reserves and stress dryland crops and pasture, according to USDA's NASS. Limited rainfall did occur over areas of central and Panhandle counties, but most growing areas remained dry with non-irrigated fields quickly maturing. The first fields of seed corn were being harvested and cutting of dryland silage was underway. Dry bean harvest started in western counties. Statewide, producers had 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 44% short, 31% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 43% short, 25% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: All corn condition rated 7% very poor, 8% poor, 23 fair, 43 good, and 19% excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 81% good or excellent, compared to 75% average. Dryland corn conditions rated 35% good or excellent, compared to 59% average. Corn in dough was 98%, behind 100 last year but equal to 98% average. Corn dented was 72%, behind 97 last year and 82 average. Corn mature was 5%, behind 52% last year and 17% average.

Soybean conditions rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 27% fair, 48% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves were 16%, behind 22% last year but ahead of 9% average.

Indiana: Warm daytime temperatures and little rain took its toll on the corn and soybean crops, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Many corn fields are reported to be "dying prematurely" which is causing concern as to the effect on final grain weight. Soybean fields are rapidly turning color and shedding leaves with some reports of aborted pods and small beans. A few operations began harvesting corn last week mainly to try out equipment and test grain moisture. Harvest of seed corn and corn silage was in full swing during the week.

There were 6.6 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-five percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 100% last year and 96% for the five-year average. Sixty-seven percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 90% last year and 72% for the five-year average. Nine percent of the corn crop is mature compared with 45% last week and 26% for the five-year average. By area 8% of the corn crop is mature in the north, 7% in the central region, and 17% in the south. Corn condition is rated 61% good to excellent compared with 9% last year at this time.

Thirteen percent of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves compared with 39% last year and 26% for the five-year average. By area 11% of the soybean acreage is shedding leaves in the north, 16% in the central region, and 7% in the south. Soybean condition declined and is now rated 55% good to excellent compared with 24% last year.

South Dakota: For the week ending September 8, 2013, above normal temperatures persisted across the entire state last week, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Corn silage harvest was underway in some areas and producers were preparing equipment for row crop harvest. Statewide, there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 18% very short, 41% short, 40% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16% very short, 43% short, 40% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Corn at the dough stage was 98%, ahead of 97% last year and 94% average. Dented was 67%, behind 89% last year and 70% average. Mature was 5%, well behind 41% last year and 13% average. Condition rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 23% fair, 50% good, and 13% excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 28%, well behind 74 last year and 41 average. Condition rated 4% very poor, 12 poor, 30 fair, 45 good, and 9 excellent.

Ohio: There were seven days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending September 8, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Temperatures were much cooler this week throughout the entire State, but very little rain was received. With the continued dry weather, some corn is rapidly drying down, although moisture across fields remains variable. Early maturing soybeans are beginning to drop leaves and some will be ready for harvest in the next couple of weeks. Overall, the crops remain in good condition and producers seem happy despite some weather concerns. Corn silage harvest continues.

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