Pro Farmer's CCI: Major Drop in Corn, Soybean Ratings

September 3, 2013 11:02 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn declined by more than 8 points, while the CCI for beans saw more than a 9-point decline. Deterioration was seen across the board for major production states after last week's heat wave, with Iowa seeing the steepest declines for both corn and soybeans.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

9/01/13

8/25/13

9/02/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.30
4.45
2.88

Illinois (14.56%)

51.09
51.96

29.50

Indiana (6.56%)

24.67
25.45

13.82

Iowa (17.95%)

55.99
58.15

42.97

Kansas (3.96%)

12.00
12.16
8.38

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.25
5.31

2.51

Michigan (2.72%)

10.09
9.79

6.84

Minnesota (10.87%)

37.28
38.15

6.84

Missouri (2.72%)

8.39
8.88

5.01

Nebraska (12.08%)

43.83
44.68
32.27

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.65
2.67

2.22

N. Dakota (2.49%)

8.00
8.20

5.72

Ohio (4.19%)

16.84
17.09

6.94

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.34
4.37

3.45

S. Dakota (4.94%)

17.74
18.33

12.58

Tennessee (0.71%)

3.01
3.00

1.69

Texas (1.8%)

6.38
6.38

6.20

Wisconsin (3.99%)

12.96
13.60

11.12

Corn total

346.27
354.61

242.99

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybean

9/01/13

8/25/13

9/02/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.89
13.69
12.35

Illinois (13.47%)

46.40
47.88

35.02

Indiana (7.83%)

28.11
28.80

20.28

Iowa
(14.86%)

45.80
48.00

40.88

Kansas (4.10%)

12.00
12.24
8.05

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.13
7.24

4.66

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.37
5.32

4.34

Michigan (2.60%)

9.93
9.68

7.68

Minnesota (9.07%)

32.76
33.34

31.30

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.73
10.62
10.52

Missouri (6.47%)

18.20
19.26

12.04

Nebraska (8.06%)

28.55
29.64

20.64

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.30
5.29

5.44

N. Dakota (3.77%)

13.73
13.86

12.32

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.08
26.42

19.51

S. Dakota (4.97%)

16.56
17.28

13.16

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

7.89
8.42

7.04

Soybean total

341.89
350.75

276.05

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Above average temperatures prevailed across Iowa during the week ending September 1, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Although most of the state received little or no rainfall, parts of western Iowa experienced beneficial rain. While hot temperatures allowed crops to mature, crop conditions deteriorated last week in response to the heat and lack of moisture. Statewide there was an average of 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

A total of 22% of topsoil and 26% of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, declining 6 and 8 percentage points from last week, respectively. Topsoil moisture levels rated 44% very short, 34% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 35% very short, 39% short, 26% adequate and 0% surplus.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop reached the milk stage, 4 percentage points behind normal. Seventy-three percent of the crop reached the dough stage, trailing the normal 88 percent. Thirty-three percent of the crop has reached the dent stage, 12 days behind normal. A small portion of the earliest planted corn was mature. Corn condition declined from the previous week, and was rated at 8% very poor, 17% poor, 36% fair, 33% good and 6% excellent.

Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, behind last year's 99% and the normal 98 percent. Some of the earliest planted soybeans have begun turning color. Soybean condition also declined from last week and was rated 8% very poor, 16% poor, 37% fair, 34% good and 5% excellent.

Illinois: Hot, dry weather dominated the state with measurable amounts of precipitation limited to the Northeast and Southeast districts. Statewide temperatures averaged 80.0 degrees, 6.8 degrees above normal. Precipitation across the state averaged 0.30 inches, 0.53 inches below normal. The dry conditions across the state continue to have a negative impact on the crop conditions with many reports of firing in corn fields across the state. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture continued to decline and was rated at 27% very short, 50% short, and 23% adequate. Subsoil moisture was rated at 16% very short, 50% short, and 34% adequate.

Corn dough reached 93 percent, compared to 99% last year and the five-year average of 94 percent. Corn in the dent stage reached 46 percent, compared to 94% last year and the five-year average of 69%. Corn condition was rated at 3% very poor, 11% poor, 29% fair, 46% good, and 11% excellent.

Soybeans blooming progressed to 97% and soybeans setting pods reached 91%. Some soybean fields have started turning yellow. Soybean condition was rated at 2% very poor, 11% poor, 35% fair, 45% good, and 7% excellent.

Minnesota: Warmer than normal weather continued to stress crops in Minnesota for the week ending Sept. 1, 2013 according to the NASS. A total of 6.6 days were suitable for field work. The statewide average temperature was 76.7 degrees, 11.8 degrees above normal. An average of 0.66 inch of rain fell statewide, 0.15 inch below normal. Rainfall amounts of 1.31 and 1.69 inches fell in the North Central and Northeast regions, respectively. Despite the rainfall, statewide topsoil and subsoil moisture levels fell to 66% and 61% very short to short, respectively.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the milk stage, compared to the five-year average of 98%. Corn at or beyond the dough stage advanced 24 percentage points to 68%, still almost a week behind the average 84%. Corn is 22% dented, compared to last year's 86%. Corn conditions were rated 4% very poor, 10% poor, 33% fair, 45% good and 8% excellent.

Ninety-four percent of soybeans were setting pods, 9 days behind normal. Eight percent of the soybeans are turning yellow, well behind last year's 52% and the average of 23%. Soybean conditions declined slightly to 52% good or excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending September 1, 2013, temperatures well above normal combined with limited rainfall to further reduce soil moisture supplies and stress dryland crops and pasture, according to USDA's NASS. Pockets of rain occurred during the week, but no wide spread rainfall was received. Over half the corn crop has reached the dent stage, more than a third of the grain sorghum was turning color and the first fields of soybeans were dropping leaves. Statewide, producers had 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 42% short, 36% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 32% very short, 42% short, 26% adequate and 0% surplus.

All corn condition rated 6% very poor, 8% poor, 22% fair, 45% good, and 19% excellent. Irrigated corn conditions rated 82% good or excellent, compared to 75 average. Dryland corn conditions rated 39% good or excellent, compared to 58% average. Corn in dough was 93%, behind 100% last year but near 95% average. Corn dented was 51%, behind 91% last year and 70% average. Corn mature was 1%, behind 34% last year and 9% average.

Soybean conditions rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 23% fair, 52% good, and 14% excellent. Ninety-eight percent of the crop was setting pods, near 99% last year and equal to 98% average. Soybeans dropping leaves were 4%, behind 6% last year but ahead of 2% average.

Indiana: Signs of stress were evident in corn and soybeans due to the recent hot, dry weather, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. The corn crop is being forced to mature earlier than expected in many areas because of the heat and lack of moisture. Some entire soybean fields are starting to come to maturity and are beginning to turn color while only portions of other fields are turning because of disease issues. Spider mites are beginning to show up in some soybean fields but have remained below critical levels. Harvest of corn silage gained momentum during the week.

There were 6.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-one percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 99% last year and 91% for the five-year average. Forty-seven percent of the corn acreage is in the dent stage compared with 83% last year and 58% for the five-year average. By area, 48% of the corn acreage is in the dent stage in the north, 46% in the central region, and 49% in the south. Corn condition is rated 66% good to excellent compared with 8% last year at this time.

Ninety-five percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 99% last year and 95% for the five-year average. Soybean condition is rated 62% good to excellent compared with 20% last year.

South Dakota: For the week ending September 1, 2013, hot, dry weather persisted in most areas of South Dakota last week, according to the USDA's NASS. The exception was the north central part of the state which received some much needed rainfall. Major farm activities included harvesting small grains, scouting row crops for pests and caring for livestock. Statewide, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 42% short, 44% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 42 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Corn at the dough stage was 90%, behind 94% last year but ahead of 87% average. Dented was 41%, behind 78% last year and 49% average. Mature was 1%, behind 16% last year and 5% average. Condition rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 25% fair, 46% good, and 15% excellent.

Soybeans setting pods were 97%, behind 100% last year but near 98% average. Dropping leaves were 8%, well behind 50% last year and 24% average. Condition rated 3% very poor, 13% poor, 27% fair, 47% good, and 10% excellent.

Ohio: There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending September 1, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. The weather continued the pattern of recent weeks with warm temperatures and spotty rain. Corn and soybeans are in good condition, and continue to progress mostly on schedule with the five-year average. There is some concern that the recent rains are too late to make up for damage from the dry August in the most effected fields.


 

 palmer1

palmer2

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