Pro Farmer's Corn & Soybean Ratings Edge Lower

August 12, 2013 10:54 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn dropped 1.27 points over the past week to just over 366. Declines in Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska and the Dakotas outweighed gains in crop ratings for Indiana, Missouri and Ohio. The corn crop is still rated nearly 120 points ahead of last year.

The soybean crop also saw a marginal downtick in crop condition ratings, though the crop is still nearly 90 points above year-ago ratings. Illinois, Iowa, North Dakota and South Dakota saw declines in the rating of the crop, while condition ratings ticked up in Indiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska and Ohio.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

8/11/13

8/04/13

8/12/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.53
4.43
3.14

Illinois (14.56%)

55.17
56.62

29.50

Indiana (6.56%)

26.24
25.98

14.03

Iowa (17.95%)

60.48
60.84

44.62

Kansas (3.96%)

12.32
12.04
8.60

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.27
5.21

2.55

Michigan (2.72%)

10.50
10.28

6.35

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.13
39.13

33.63

Missouri (2.72%)

9.45
9.02

5.04

Nebraska (12.08%)

44.44
45.04
32.88

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.65
2.65

2.26

N. Dakota (2.49%)

8.82
9.12

6.01

Ohio (4.19%)

17.34
17.17

10.06

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.28
4.26

3.28

S. Dakota (4.94%)

18.97
19.12

13.29

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.97
2.94

1.65

Texas (1.8%)

6.51
6.27

6.20

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.28
14.40

11.04

Corn total

366.03
367.30

247.54

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

8/11/13

8/04/13

8/12/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.85
14.05
12.35

Illinois (13.47%)

50.85
51.66

30.98

Indiana (7.83%)

30.25
30.02

19.19

Iowa
(14.86%)

49.62
50.50

40.88

Kansas (4.10%)

12.30
12.00
8.29

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.22
7.15

4.66

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.13
5.33

4.34

Michigan (2.60%)

10.35
10.37

7.24

Minnesota (9.07%)

34.77
34.49

31.93

Mississippi (2.60%)

10.21
10.13
10.70

Missouri (6.47%)

20.26
19.96

12.49

Nebraska (8.06%)

29.41
29.02

20.32

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.23
5.23

5.35

N. Dakota (3.77%)

15.44
15.66

13.03

Ohio
(6.75%)

26.42
26.08

19.31

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.94
18.04

14.20

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.78
8.98

7.11

Soybean total

362.22
362.87

273.09

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Iowa experienced drier than normal weather combined with cooler than average temperatures for most of the week ending August 11, 2013, according to the USDA, NASS. Although significan t rainfall was not widespread, enough moisture was received to be beneficial in some areas. Statewide there was an average of 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities included aerial and ground applications of fungicides, herbicides and insecticides. A total of 41% of topsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, unchanged from last week.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 24% very short, 35% short, 40% adequate and 1% surplus. Forty-seven percent of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus categories, down 7 percentage points from last week. Subsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 39% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus. Southwest Iowa continued to be the driest district, with just 5% of topsoil and 17% of subsoil in the adequate and surplus categories.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop has tasseled, trailing the five-year average of 99 percent. Eighty-five percent of the corn crop was silking, 10 percentage points behind normal. Forty-two percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage, well behind the normal 72%. Nine percent of the crop has reached the dough stage, about two weeks behind normal. Corn condition declined slightly from the previous week, and was rated at 5% very poor, 12% poor, 34% fair, 39% good and 10% excellent.

Ninety percent of the soybean crop was blooming, behind the five-year average of 96%. Pods were being set on 53 percen t of the soybean crop, well behind last year’s 86% and the normal 80%. Soybean condition declined slightly from last week and was rated 4% very poor, 11% poor, 37% fair, 39% good and 9% excellent. Ninety-two percentof the oat crop has been harvested, now equal to the normal pace.

Illinois: More below average temperatures were received across Illinois this past week, as field crops continue to develop behind the five-year average. Conditions remain mostly good for all crops statewide. Temperatures across the state averaged 72.2 degrees for the week, 1.5 degrees below normal. There were 6.2 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture across the state was rated as 4% very short, 35% short, 59% adequate and 2% surplus.

Corn conditions were rated as 2% very poor, 5% poor, 25% fair, 48% good, and 20% excellent. Soybeans blooming progressed to 90% with soybean conditions rated as 2% very poor, 5% poor, 23% fair, 54% good and 16% excellent.

Minnesota: Welcome precipitation in Minnesota kept soil moisture levels mostly adequate during the week ending August 11, 2013 according to the USDA, NASS. Temperatures continued trending cooler than normal with a statewide ave rage temperature of 64.1 degrees. There were still 5.7 d ays of suitable field work statewide, despite the rainfall early in the week. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels were 65 and 69% adequate to surplus, respectively. The South Central district was the wettest region, with an average of 1.29 inches of rain reported.

Nearly all of Minnesota’s corn has reached the silking stage. Corn at the milk or beyond stage advanced 29 percentage points to 43%. Seven percent of corn had reached the dough stage, over two weeks behind last year, and 9 days behind the five-year average. Corn conditions improved slightly to 61% good or excellent. Ninety-two percent of the soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, compared to the normal 95%. Fifty-eight percent of soybeans were setting pods, 15 days behind last year. Soybean conditions improved slightly to 63% good or excellent.

Indiana: It was a near ideal week for crop development with scattered rain showers and very favorable temperatures, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Some preventative ground and aerial applications of fungicides and insecticides were made. However, farmers continued to scout crop fields and have reported very few disease or insect problems thus far this summer. A few localized areas are becoming a little dry where they have missed the recent rain showers, but they have not yet reached a critical point.

There were 5.6 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-seven percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 100% last year and 96% for the 5-year average. Thirty-three percent of the corn acreage is in the dough stage compared with 81% last year and 49% for the five-year average. Corn condition is rated 77% good to excellent compared with 9% last year at this time.

Ninety percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 97% last year and 89% for the 5-year average. Sixty-six percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 78% last year and 59% for the 5-year average. Soybean condition is rated 76% good to excellent compared with 16% last year.

South Dakota: For the week ending August 11, 2013, below normal temperatures statewide were accompanied by precipitation across western and southern South Dakota, according to the USDA's NASS. Warmer temperatures are needed to advance crop development. Statewide, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 28% short, 65% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 30% short, 60% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn silking was 96%, behind 100 last year and ahead of 84 average. Dough was 31%, behind 72% last year but equal to 31% average. Dent was 1%, behind 19% last year and 5% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 25% fair, 50% good and 20 excellent.

Soybean blooming was 93%, behind last year's 96% but near 94% average. Setting pods were 55%, behind 83% last year and 69% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 26% fair, 55% good and 14% excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending August 11, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. The weather throughout the state was cool and cloudy, with scattered rainfall and storms. While there is concern that corn and soybeans are maturing slowly due to the cool weather and moisture, both are still in very good condition. The rains are increasing insect and disease pressure.


 palmer081213

addpcp081213

 

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