Profit Tracker: Feeding Margins Post $40 Gains

January 28, 2016 09:36 AM
Profit Tracker: Feeding Margins Post $40 Gains

Cattle feeders found a modest improvement of $40 on closeouts last week, but the bottom-line was still $345 in the red. The silver lining is that last week’s closeouts were $200 per head better than a month ago, according to the Sterling Beef Profit Tracker.

The gains were the result of a $1 rally in the 5-area fed cattle price to $134.13 per cwt., and a $4 per cwt. decline in the price of feeder cattle factored into the closeouts. Still, the total cost of finishing the cattle harvested last week was roughly $2,100. Cattle placed on feed last week are projected to cost roughly $500 per head less to reach finish weight than last year, the bulk of that from lower feeder cattle prices, according to calculations by John Nalivka, president of Sterling Marketing, Vale, Ore.

Beef packers saw their margins decline more than $63 per head higher last week, leaving average profits at $133 per head. Packer margins are about $89 per head better than last month.

Sterling Marketing estimates feedyards lost a cumulative unhedged $4.7 billion in 2015, with average weekly losses of $239.26 per head. That compares to an unhedged profit of $3.9 billion in 2014, and losses of $1.1 billion in 2013. 

Feeder cattle prices factored into Sterling Marketing’s sample closeout were $4 per cwt. lower than the previous week at $214.18 per cwt., and $5 per cwt. lower than feeder cattle prices factored into closeouts a month ago. Yearling feeder cattle placed on feed last week averaged $150.88 per cwt., which represents a $466 per head decline from the same steers placed on feed a year ago.

A month ago cattle feeders were losing $546 per head, while a year ago feedyard closeouts were $66 in the red, according to Sterling Marketing. Feeder cattle represent 79% of the cost of finishing a steer.

A month ago beef packers were earning $44 for every animal processed, while a year ago packers were earning $48 per head, Sterling Marketing estimates.

Farrow-to-finish pork producers lost $16 per hog last week, a $2 per head improvement from the previous week, and $8 per head better than the $28 per head loss found a month ago.

Pork packers saw steady profit margins of $23 per head. Negotiated prices for lean hogs were $57.13 per cwt. last week, a gain of $2.82 per cwt. from the previous week. Cash prices for fed cattle are $25 per cwt. lower than last year, and negotiated hog prices are $15 per cwt. lower than last year.

Sterling Marketing projects 2016 average cash profit margins for cow-calf producers at $237 per cow. Last year’s estimated average cow-calf margins were $429 per cow. Cow-calf profits for 2014 were estimated at $526 per cow.

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