Corn: Growers intend to plant 92.2 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2011, up 5 percent from last year and 7 percent higher than in 2009. If realized, this will be the second highest planted acreage in the United States since 1944, behind only the 93.5 million acres planted in 2007. Planted acreage is expected to be up in most States compared to last year due to higher prices and grower expectations of better net returns with corn versus other commodities.
The largest increase in planted acreage in 2011 is expected in South Dakota, where growers intend to plant an additional 850,000 acres compared to last year when wet field conditions during planting prevented many from getting all of their intended acreage seeded. Iowa acreage is expected to increase 500,000 acres in 2011, while North Dakota acreage is expected to increase 450,000. The largest decrease in planted acreage is expected in Texas, down 150,000 acres, due to an increase in cotton acreage.
Sorghum: Growers intend to plant 5.65 million acres of sorghum for all purposes in 2011, up 4 percent from 2010. Producers in Kansas expect to plant 2.50 million acres this year, up 6 percent from 2010. Texas growers expect to plant 1.80 million acres, down 5 percent from the previous season. Kansas and Texas account for 76 percent of the expected United States acreage. As of March 27, Texas had planted 46 percent of their sorghum crop.
Oats: Area seeded to oats for the 2011 crop year is expected to total 2.84 million acres, down 10 percent from the 3.14 million acres planted last year. If realized, this will be the lowest United States total on record. Planted acreage is expected to decrease or remain unchanged in all but three of the 31 estimating States, with 20 of the States expecting record lows. The largest decrease in seeded acreage is expected in Wisconsin, where growers intend to plant 70,000 acres less than last year. Other States with notable acreage decreases include Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota. Increases in seeded acreage are expected in Arkansas, Maine, and Texas.
Barley: Producers intend to seed 2.95 million acres of barley for the 2011 crop year, up 3 percent from the 2.87 million acres seeded in 2010. If realized, this will be the second lowest seeded acreage on record. Area seeded to barley is expected to increase by 10,000 acres in Idaho and Montana, two of the three largest barley-producing States. The largest
decrease in acreage is expected in North Dakota, where producers intend to seed 690,000 acres, a reduction of 30,000 acres from last year's record low. The expected decrease is largely driven by a decline in barley prices from recent years and the increased profitability of other crops such as corn and soybeans. Seeded area is also anticipated to decline to record low levels in Kansas, Michigan, and South Dakota.
Winter wheat: The 2011 winter wheat planted area is estimated at 41.2 million acres, up 10 percent from 2010 and up 1 percent from the Winter Wheat Seedings report. Of the 2011 total acreage, about 29.4 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.2 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.7 million acres are White Winter. Acres are up across all of the Soft Red winter area from 2010 due to the early row crop harvest and higher prices. The largest increases in the Soft Red Winter growing area are in Arkansas, Illinois, and Missouri, each up more than 300,000 acres. With concerns of a lack of moisture reported throughout much of the Great Plains, Hard Red Winter acres are down in Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas.
Durum wheat: Area seeded to Durum wheat is estimated at 2.37 million acres, down 8 percent from 2010. Planted acreage is expected to be down in all producing States except California and South Dakota. Growers in California are expected to plant 40,000 more acres than last year. Durum acres in South Dakota are expected to remain unchanged from 2010.
Other spring wheat: Growers intend to plant 14.4 million acres this year, up 5 percent from 2010. Of the total, about 13.6 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Planted acreage is expected to be up in all producing States except Montana and South Dakota. Growers in North Dakota, the leading other spring wheat growing State, intend to plant 700,000 more acres than last year.
Rice: Area planted to rice in 2011 is expected to total 3.02 million acres, down 17 percent from 2010. Acreage in all rice-producing States except California is expected to decrease from the previous year. Growers in Arkansas, the largest rice-producing State, intend to plant 1.40 million acres, down 22 percent from last year's record high planted acreage.
California growers intend to plant 575,000 acres to rice, an increase of 3 percent from last year, and planted area in Louisiana is expected to total 470,000 acres, 13 percent lower than last season.
Long grain planted acreage, representing 72 percent of the total, is expected to be down 24 percent from last year. Significant decreases in long grain acreage from last year are expected in all rice-producing States. Medium grain planted acreage, representing 27 percent of the total, is expected to increase 8 percent from 2010 due to anticipated increases in all States. Area to be planted to short grain varieties, which accounts for 1 percent of total acres, is down 5 percent from 2010.
Hay: Producers expect to harvest 59.0 million acres of all hay in 2011, down 1 percent from 2010. If realized, this will be the fourth lowest harvested acreage on record. Harvested area is expected to decrease from last year throughout most of the western two-thirds of the Nation, primarily due to lower livestock inventories, an increase in acreage being planted to other crops with higher prices, and drought conditions in the Southern Great Plains. The largest decreases in acreage harvested are expected in Idaho,
Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Texas. Compared with last year, producers in Oklahoma and Texas intend to harvest 110,000 and 220,000 less acres, respectively, while growers in Pennsylvania expect to harvest 100,000 more acres.
Soybeans: Growers intend to plant an estimated 76.6 million acres in 2011, down 1 percent from last year. If realized, the United States planted area will be the third largest on record. Compared with last year, planted acreage is down or unchanged across most of the Corn Belt, the central and southern Great Plains, and most of the Southeast. Declines of 100,000 acres or more are expected in Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, and Ohio. Meanwhile, the States expecting the largest increases compared with last year are North
Dakota, up 250,000 acres, and Missouri, up 150,000 acres. If realized, the planted area in New York and North Dakota will be the largest on record.
Canola: Producers intend to plant a record high 1.61 million acres in 2011, up 11 percent from 2010. Compared with last year, planted area is expected to increase in four of the six major canola-producing States, with acreage in Oklahoma expected to increase 67 percent from the previous year's area. Producers in North Dakota, the leading canola State, intend to plant a record high 1.42 million acres, up 140,000 acres from last year.
Cotton: Growers intend to plant 12.6 million acres, up 15 percent from last year. Upland acreage is expected to total 12.3 million acres, up 14 percent from 2010. American Pima acreage is expected to total 252,500 acres, up 24 percent from 2010.
Upland growers in the Southeastern States (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia) intend to plant 3.10 million acres, up 19 percent from last year. Acreage increases in North Carolina and Georgia are expected to total 200,000 and 120,000, respectively.
In the Delta States (Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee), producers expect to plant 2.28 million acres, up 19 percent from last year. The largest acreage increase in the Delta region is expected to be in Mississippi, where growers intend to plant 110,000 acres more than in 2010.
Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas Upland acreage is expected to total 6.55 million acres, up 10 percent from last year. Texas, which accounts for 6.10 million acres of this area, is expecting an acreage increase of 550,000 acres from last year. Planting in Texas is underway.
American Pima growers intend to plant 252,500 acres, up 24 percent from last year. California accounts for 225,000 of these acres and is expecting to increase by 43,000 acres.
Sugarbeets: Area planted to sugarbeets for the 2011 crop year is expected to total 1.19 million acres, up 1 percent from the 1.17 million acres planted in 2010. Planting intentions increased in half of the estimating States. The largest increase in planted area is expected in North Dakota, where producers intend to plant 227,000 acres, 10,000 acres more than last year.
Intended plantings decreased in California, Michigan, Minnesota, Oregon, and Wyoming. In Minnesota, the largest sugarbeet-producing State, a 4,000 acre decrease is anticipated. Planted area in California is expected to total 25,000 acres. If realized, this will establish a new record low for the seventh consecutive year for California.