Rains Benefit Corn in Most Midwest States

June 5, 2012 01:29 AM

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Rainfall varied across the state during the week with Northwest Iowa receiving the heaviest precipitation. Despite the rain, there are areas still in need of moisture. Crop conditions declined slightly for the second straight week although they remained rated mostly good to excellent. Ideal weather conditions have allowed some Iowa farmers to finish spraying their crops and complete their first hay cutting. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. Northwest Iowa was the only area with less than 4.5 days suitable as soils continued to dry out from previous rain. Topsoil moisture levels rated 15 percent very short, 31 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Southwest Iowa is the driest with 77 percent of the topsoil moisture rated short to very short. Subsoil moisture rated 11 percent very short, 34 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Ninety-eight percent of the corn crop has emerged, 6 days ahead of normal. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Nearly all of Iowa’s soybean acreage has been planted. Eighty-four percent of the expected soybean acreage has emerged, ahead of last year’s 71 percent and the five-year average of 66 percent. The season’s first soybean condition rating is 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.

Illinois: Last week, some much needed rainfall provided relief from the hot and dry conditions of the previous weeks. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.71 inches, still 0.19 inch below the norm but more than double what the previous three weeks had averaged. Temperatures also moderated slightly to 66.3 degrees, 1.4 degrees below average for the week. Producers were busy side dressing corn and spraying fields now that many have completed planting corn and soybeans. Topsoil moisture ratings increased to 14 percent very short, 40 percent short, 45 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Virtually all planted corn has emerged; the 5-year average is 84 percent. Corn conditions were rated at 5 percent poor or very poor, 29 percent fair and 66 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted now stands at 98 percent, well ahead of the 5-year average of 70 percent. Ninety one percent of the soybean crop has emerged. Soybean conditions were 6 percent poor or very poor, 34 percent fair and 60 percent good to excellent.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 3, 2012, showers brought moisture and improved growing conditions to portions of the east while the dry west saw conditions continue to decline, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. However, below normal temperatures and less wind reduced stress on crops. Hail damaged crops and property in areas of the state and producers will have to decide if replanting will take place. Sidedressing fertilizer and spraying herbicides were the main field activities. Half of the wheat crop was turning color and harvest will be early this year. Alfalfa and pastures are showing little growth due to the dry conditions. Weather Summary: Temperatures averaged slightly below normal in the western third of the state and 4 to 7 degrees below normal in the eastern two-thirds. High temperatures reached the mid 90's with lows in the mid 30's. Little to no precipitation fell across the western half of the state. Bands of showers moved across the eastern half with largest rainfall totals accumulating in the Northeast and East Central Districts. Corn conditions rated 4 percent poor, 21 fair, 64 good, and 11 excellent, above last year's 70 percent good to excellent but below 78 average. Soybeans emerged were 89 percent, ahead of 59 last year and 11 days ahead of 60 average. Soybean conditions rated 5 percent poor, 24 fair, 60 good, and 11 excellent.

Missouri: All districts, except the southwest, remained dry, allowing for 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supply remained less than ideal at 40 percent very short, 42 percent short, 17 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The 5-year average for topsoil moisture supply at this time of year was 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 24 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was unseasonably low at 23 percent very short, 44 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 43 percent good and 6 percent excellent. There were several reports of poor root development in existing fields. Rain was needed to prevent further reduction in corn yields. Soybeans planted were 88 percent, 16 days ahead of last year, and 24 days ahead of normal (5-year average). Although statewide emergence was 67 percent, 13 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal, dry conditions caused uneven emergence in some fields. Soybean condition was 4 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 67.6 degrees, 2.3 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, June 3, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.03 inches, unchanged from normal. There were 123 modified growing degree days, 12 days above normal. Reporters rated 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, June 1, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 38 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. June 3rd, 2012. The state continues to experience warm and dry conditions. The heat was putting some stress on livestock, but rain provided much needed relief in some areas. Field activities included side-dressing corn with nitrogen, spraying herbicides, installing drainage tile, and baling hay. Soybean emergence has been slow due to dry weather and some producers may still replant. As of Sunday June 3rd, corn was 97 percent emerged, compared to 18 percent last year and 68 percent for the five-year average. Ninety-nine percent of the intended soybean crop was planted, compared to 21 percent last year and 72 percent for the five-year average. Eighty-one percent of soybeans were emerged, compared to seven percent last year and 48 percent for the five-year average.

Indiana: Extreme heat early in the week gave way to cooler temperatures and much needed rain showers which brought relief to both crops and livestock, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall totals were minimal in some areas, so relief from the drought conditions will be short lived if more precipitation doesn’t come soon. Farmers continued to replant soybean fields due to low plant populations caused by hot, dry weather during emergence. Winter wheat harvest is underway in southwestern counties and will soon move northward as the crop is rapidly maturing. Most of the tobacco crop has been transplanted into the fields at this point. Most farmers have taken their first cutting of alfalfa hay and some have already begun second cuttings. There were 5.1 days suitable for field work during the week. Corn condition improved slightly and is now rated 59 percent good to excellent compared with 52 percent last year at this time. Ninety-seven percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 42 percent last year and 67 percent for the 5-year average. Eighty-nine percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 22 percent last year and 46 percent for the 5-year average.s

Minnesota: The first soybean condition ratings of the year indicated the crop in generally good condition statewide, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. As of June 3, soybean condition was reported as 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 63 percent good and 14 percent excellent. During the week, weather conditions were variable throughout the state, with scattered frost reported in northwestern areas and continued rains in the southwestern portion of the state. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 95 percent adequate to surplus. Statewide, 4.2 days were rated suitable for fieldwork. Corn was 98 percent emerged with an average height of 8 inches. Corn condition was rated 84 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted advanced to 98 percent complete, compared to 69 percent last year and 90 percent for the fiveyear average. Soybeans were 76 percent emerged with an average height of 2 inches.

South Dakota: Producers were busy spraying for weeds and insects, as well as cutting hay last week with 4.6 days suitable for field work. Warmer weather will be welcomed this coming week to help with the development of row crops. Major activities last week included; planting, weed control, caring for livestock, and haying. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Cool conditions covered the state over much of the week, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Overnight temperatures fell to near or below freezing in north central and northeast South Dakota during the middle of the week causing some damage on various crops. Storms in the northeast also caused some crop damage from hail. Temperatures for the week averaged from the 50’s across the state with some lower 60’s along the Nebraska border. Most of the state had temperatures below average by 3o- 10o F. Topsoil moisture is rated at 77 percent in adequate to surplus, 20 percent short and 3 percent very short. Subsoil moisture is rated at 72 percent adequate to surplus, 21 percent short and 7 percent very short. With the early planting season this year, crop progress was still well ahead of the five year average for all crop stages. Corn was 95 percent emerged with an average height of 7 inches, ahead of the five year average by 4 inches. Soybeans were at 93 percent planted, with 65 percent emerged, ahead of the five year average of 30 percent emerged.


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