Rains Benefit Winter Wheat in Southern Plains

October 16, 2012 01:40 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Kansas: With mostly below normal temperatures and wide-spread showers throughout Kansas, fall harvest and wheat seeding continued. Temperatures ranged from a high of 90 in Ashland to a low of 22 in Baileyville. Four stations reported over 2.00 inches of precipitation, with Iola having received 3.55 inches for the highest report. Twenty of the 53 stations received between 1 to 2 inches of rainfall. Kansas producers averaged 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, with only the South Central District averaging more than 6 suitable working days. The widespread showers brought an increase in topsoil moisture supplies to 30 percent very short, 32 percent short, 35 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were at 48 percent very short, 36 percent short, 16 percent adequate, and none surplus. Showers around the State have helped with wheat emergence, while the hard freeze felt throughout Kansas pushed harvest progression for soybeans and sorghum. More moisture is still needed to improve pasture and pond conditions and to improve wheat emergence. Kansas farmers seeded 16 percent of the State’s wheat acreage last week to reach 81 percent complete by Sunday, ahead of 80 percent for last year and 76 percent for the 5-year average. More than 75 percent of the crop in the western two-thirds of Kansas is now planted. Forty-four percent of the State’s wheat had emerged by week’s end, behind both last year at 50 percent and the 5-year average of 46 percent. The condition of the Kansas wheat crop was 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 48 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

Texas: Many areas of Texas received precipitation last week. Portions of East and Central Texas recorded three inches or more for the week. Parts of West Texas, South Texas, and the Low Plains received little or no rainfall while most other areas observed scattered showers. Recently seeded winter wheat and oats were off to a good start in most areas due to timely rainfall. Plowing and seeding activities continued as well, with producers taking advantage of soil moisture while available. Producers were hoping for additional precipitation over the next few weeks to aid in plant development. Some producers around North Texas were spraying for weeds.

Oklahoma: Storms traveled through Oklahoma Friday and Saturday bringing an inch of rain on average. Areas in central and eastern Oklahoma received very heavy rains, while much of western Oklahoma was without significant precipitation. Oilton recorded 4.62 inches of rain, while six Mesonet stations received none. Strong winds caused mostly minor damage, but severe wind gusts as high as 80 mph in Ringling were recorded on Saturday. Overall the rain was beneficial to wheat and other fall-planted crops, as well as for operators still waiting to plant small grains. An early freeze the previous week and overnight into the past Monday dropped temperatures to as low as 26 degrees. Freeze damage to struggling soybeans was reported. Harvest of row crops continued and was nearing completion for corn. Fifty-five percent of topsoil moisture was rated poor to very poor and two percent was rated surplus due to the heavy rains over the weekend. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly short to very short, but 15 percent was rated adequate, compared to 11 percent the week prior. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Much of the major wheat planting areas received only light rains, but central and northeastern Oklahoma received heavier rains that will benefit small grains in the ground. Wheat seedbed preparation was nearly complete at 96 percent. Three quarters of the wheat crop was planted by the end of the week, six points ahead of normal progress, and 42 percent of the crop had emerged.

Nebraska: For the week ending October 14, 2012, rain over the weekend in the southeastern quarter of the state brought some much needed moisture to the region, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Row crop harvest is winding down in the east and continues active in western counties. Statewide, corn harvest is 80 percent complete, over one month ahead of average. Soybean harvest was 86 percent complete, near three weeks ahead of average. Winter wheat seeding, at 95 percent, was near completion. However, less than half of the winter wheat crop had emerged, near two weeks behind average. Sorghum harvest approached the half way point. Precipitation was received mainly in the southeastern quarter of the state with highest amounts recorded in the East Central and Southeast Districts. Some isolated pockets received over 2 inches of moisture. Temperatures averaged 3 to 6 degrees below normal across the state. Winter wheat seeded was at 95 percent, near 94 percent last year and equal to average. Winter wheat emerged was 47 percent, well behind 82 percent last year and 77 average due to dry soils.

Colorado: The majority of Colorado received above average precipitation in the form of scattered showers and snow last week. The moisture helped winter wheat planting in some areas but conditions are still very dry. Temperatures were below average last week. Farmers were allowed 5.8 days in the field for operations. Planting of winter wheat progressed to 92 percent of the acreage planted by the end of the week. Emergence continued behind the average reaching 51 percent last week compared with 72 percent for the 5- year average. The crop was rated in mostly good to fair condition.


 

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