Scattered Rains Bring Limited Relief to Drought-Stricken Crops

July 31, 2012 12:33 AM
 

Following are details from the state Crop/Weather Report:

Iowa: Iowa received widespread rainfall with the heaviest precipitation in the central and northern parts of the state. Crop conditions continue to suffer as the rain was too late for some of the corn and winds flattened the weakened crop in some areas. Farmers continue to chop corn. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Topsoil moisture levels improved slightly to 71 percent very short, 25 percent short, 4 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture dropped to 67 percent very short, 29 percent short, 4 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop is silking, ahead of last year’s 86 percent and the five-year average of 77 percent. Sixty-five percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage. Thirty-six percent of the corn crop has reached dough stage, two weeks ahead of normal. Eight percent of the corn crop has reached the dent stage, the most advanced the crop has been at the end of July since 1987. Corn condition is reported at 18 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop has bloomed, ahead of last year’s 88 percent and the five-year average of 85 percent. Pods are being set on 57 percent of the soybean crop, ahead of last year’s 43 percent and the five-year average of 47 percent. Soybean condition is rated 12 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 24 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Illinois: Above average temperatures and below normal precipitation persisted last week, with reports of small fast-moving showers throughout the state. Statewide temperatures averaged 81.6 degrees, 6.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation totaled 0.31 inches across the state, 0.53 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture was rated at 85 percent very short and 15 percent short. Subsoil moisture was rated 86 percent very short and 14 percent short. Some producers reported concerns of spider mites and are preparing to spray for them. Corn doughed was at 58 percent, compared to 31 percent last year and the 5-year average of 32 percent. Corn dented was at 18 percent, compared to 2 percent last year and the 5-year average of 4 percent. Corn conditions were rated 38 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 24 percent fair, and 5 percent good. Soybeans blooming were at 95 percent, compared to 81 percent last year and the 5-year average of 75 percent. Sixty-one percent of the soybean crop is now setting pods, compared to 36 percent last year and the 5-year average of 36 percent. Soybean conditions were rated at 27 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 35 percent fair, and 9 percent good.

Nebraska: For the week ending July 29, 2012, little or no precipitation and above normal temperatures continued to wear on crops and pastures, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Precipitation was spotty, with only a few locations receiving over .25 inch, which did little to ease the impact of the ongoing drought. Condition declines were again noted in ratings of dryland crops and pastures. Drought damaged corn acres continue being chopped for silage or cut for hay to make up for pastures which are providing little or no grazing capacity. Irrigators continued their struggle with water demands and many livestock producers were hauling water due to dry ponds or moving stock close to home. Culling of livestock continues by producers with limited feed options. CRP acres were being requested for emergency forage use. Fire danger is high with local departments on alert.
Weather Summary: Temperatures averaged 4 degrees above normal for the week. Highs reached triple digits in most areas of the state. Lows were recorded in the 50’s in western counties and low 60’s in the east. Precipitation again was light with most regions of the state averaging less than a tenth of an inch of rainfall.

Corn silked was 95 percent, ahead of 84 last year and 85 average. Corn in the dough stage was 39 percent, compared to 14 last year and a week and a half ahead of 17 average. Corn in the dent stage reached 9 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 1 average. Corn conditions continued to decline and rated 18 percent very poor, 19 poor, 28 fair, 32 good, and 3 excellent, well below 78 percent good to excellent last year and average. Irrigated corn conditions rated 55 percent good to excellent and dryland corn rated 5. Soybeans blooming were 92 percent, ahead of 76 last year and 78 average. Soybeans setting pods were 49 percent, ahead of 30 last year and 34 average. Soybean conditions declined and rated 16 percent very poor, 22 poor, 38 fair, 23 good, and 1 excellent, well below last year’s 76 percent good to excellent and 75 average.

Missouri: Scattered showers swept the northern portion of the state and the southeast district.  There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork.  Topsoil moisture remained the same as last week at 90 percent very short, 9 percent short, and 1 percent adequate.  Subsoil moisture also remained the same at 85 percent very short, 14 percent short, and 1 percent adequate. 

Corn dough stage and beyond was 79 percent, 14 days ahead of last year, and 20 days ahead of normal (5-year average).  Corn dented was 48 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 20 days ahead of normal.  Corn mature was 9 percent, 18 days ahead of last year, and 3 weeks ahead of normal.  Corn condition was 54 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 12 percent fair, 4 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  Harvesting corn for silage continued.  Soybeans blooming and beyond were 74 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and 11 days ahead of normal.  Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 27 percent, 3 days ahead of last year, and 5 days ahead of normal.  Soybean condition was 35 percent very poor, 37 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 6 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. 

Ohio: The average temperature for the State was 77.1 degrees, 4.1 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, July 29, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.31 inches, 0.46 inches above normal. There were 164 modified growing degree days, 7 days above normal. Reporters rated 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, July 27, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 40 percent very short, 41 percent short, 18 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Conditions throughout the state remain hot and dry, however widespread rains and cooler temperatures last week have helped improve crop conditions. Central and Southern district reporters have observed spider mites in soybean fields and leaf hoppers in alfalfa fields. Field activities for the week were baling hay, harvesting oats, spraying, mowing CRP, and manure application.

As of Sunday July 29th, 93 percent of corn was silked (tasseled), which was 43 percent ahead of last year and 19 percent ahead of the five-year average. Corn in dough was rated at 29 percent, ahead of both last year by 25 percent and the five-year average by 20 percent. Corn dented was rated at two percent. The soybean crop was 89 percent blooming, compared to 56 percent last year and 76 percent for the five-year average. Forty-six percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, which was ahead of last year by 36 percent and the five-year average by 16 percent.

Indiana: Scattered showers brought temporary drought relief in some northern and east central areas during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor, conditions worsened across many of the southwestern and central counties with nearly 20 percent of the state now falling under exceptional drought, which is the worst form. Spider mites were being sprayed in both soybean and corn fields during the week. Livestock operations are closely monitoring nitrate levels as they continue to chop corn silage. Larger than normal numbers of cattle are going to market due to the lack of pasture and forage supplies. Water sources are also a concern for livestock operations as many creeks and ponds have dried up. There were 6.2 days suitable for field work during the week.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 76 percent last year and 80 percent for the 5-year average. Forty-one percent of the corn is in dough compared to 6 percent last year and 14 percent for the 5-year average. Six percent of the corn is in the dent stage compared to 0 percent last year and 1 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition improved slightly and is now rated 9 percent good to excellent compared with 41 percent last year at this time. Eighty-eight percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 62 percent last year and 69 percent for the 5-year average. Fifty-one percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 18 percent last year and 26 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean condition showed some improvement and is now rated 16 percent good to excellent compared with 44 percent last year at this time.

Minnesota: Despite scattered showers this past week, significant progress was made in small grain harvest, according to the USDA, NASS, Minnesota Field Office. Barley harvest advanced 44 percentage points from the previous week, and was 75 percent complete. As of July 29, 5.5 days were rated suitable for fieldwork during the week. Average temperatures were 3.1° above normal statewide. Precipitation amounts varied throughout the state, ranging from nearly a quarter of an inch in southwestern areas to over 3 inches at several reporting stations. Topsoil moisture supplies improved, and were rated 18 percent very short, 32 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, compared to 21 percent very short, 35 percent short, 40 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus the previous week. Corn was 56 percent at the milk stage or beyond, compared to 18 percent for the five year average, and 11 percent at the dough stage or beyond, compared to 2 percent average. Soybeans were 94 percent blooming, compared to 77 percent average, and 67 percent setting pods, compared to 30 percent average. The corn crop was rated 77 percent in fair to good condition, while soybeans were rated 81 percent in fair to good condition.

South Dakota: Hot and dry conditions during the week allowed for 6.5 days suitable for field work, with scattered light showers over the weekend. Major activities last week included harvesting of small grains, hauling water for livestock, caring for livestock, spraying late season weeds, cutting silage and cutting hay. This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state. Temperatures eased slightly over the week, but triple digit and high 90’s were still prevalent across the state, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. Isolated heavier precipitation amounts did help some areas, particularly the northern and western parts of the state, where one 2 inch+ amounts were reported. Conditions on the US Drought Monitor brought D3 (Extreme Drought) conditions into southern and western parts of the state and into the worst hit corn and rangeland areas. Nearly the whole state is listed at least D1 (Moderate Drought) or worse on the US Drought Monitor.

Precipitation again was fairly widespread in most of the state, though many places received little precipitation. Most totals were on the low side again for the week, except for the noted northern and western areas. Five stations reported over an inch. The largest was at Newell with 2.30 inches. The least was at Bison and Chamberlain with 0 precipitation. Another 17 stations had less than 0.25 inches. Temperatures for the week averaged from the upper 70’s to low 80’s statewide. Most of the state reached triple digit highs again except for the northeast and Black Hills. The highest temperature was 110o F at Winner and Pickstown. The lowest reported was 48o F at Custer. Topsoil moisture was rated at 12 percent adequate to surplus, 29 percent short and 59 percent very short. Subsoil moisture was rated at 17 percent adequate to surplus, 27 percent short and 56 percent very short.

Ninety-five percent of the corn was tasseled, with 81 percent silked; ahead of the five year averages of 72 percent and 47 percent, respectively. Eighteen percent of the corn was reported in the dough stage, ahead of the five year average of 4 percent. Soybeans were at 91 percent blooming with 53 percent setting pods ahead of the five year average of 26 percent setting pods.


 

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