Sept. 11 Crop Production: Agricultural Summary

September 11, 2015 11:21 AM
 
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August Agricultural Summary

Average monthly temperatures were below normal across the Corn Belt and the northern Great Plains during the month of August depriving crops of heat units as they were developing towards maturation. Above-average temperatures and below-average precipitation levels provided no relief to drought conditions across much of the area west of the Rocky Mountains. Small pockets in Alabama, Florida, Iowa, and Missouri recorded rainfall levels more than 5 inches above normal during the month of August.

Ninety percent of the corn was at or beyond the silking stage by August 2, two percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By August 2, twenty-nine percent of the Nation's corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, 4 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. At the beginning of the month, the percentage of the crop in the dough stage was behind the 5-year average in 11 of the 18 major estimating States. Nationally, 71 percent of the corn was at or beyond the dough stage by August 16, three percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 16, twenty-one percent of this year's crop was denting, slightly ahead of last year but 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. All major corn-estimating States were behind their respective 5-year averages for denting progress by the end of the second week of the month except Colorado, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania. By August 30, ninety-two percent of the Nation's corn crop had reached the dough stage or later, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, 60 percent of this year's corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, 10 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. The percentage of the crop entering the dent stage advanced by 20 percentage points or more during the final week of August in 8 of the 18 estimating States. Nine percent of the Nation's crop was mature by August 30, two percentage points ahead of last year but 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Below-normal temperatures in most of the Corn Belt slowed the maturity of the corn crop with all estimating States behind their 5-year averages at the end of the month except Colorado. Overall, 68 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, down from 70 percent on August 2 and 74 percent at the same time last year.

By August 2, eighty-one percent of this year's soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, 3 percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 2, fifty-four percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the pod-setting stage, the same as last year but 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 9, eighty-eight percent of the soybean crop was at or beyond the blooming stage, 3 percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. Despite below-average temperatures, pod setting advanced by more than 10 percentage points during the first week of the month across much of the soybean-growing region. Nationwide, 69 percent of the soybean crop was at or beyond the pod-setting stage by August 9, slightly behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the soybeans were blooming by August 23, three percentage points behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 23, eighty-seven percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the pod setting stage, 2 percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Progress of the Missouri soybean crop remained well behind historical levels, with just 52 percent of the State's soybeans setting pods on August 23, twenty-two percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-three percent of the Nation's soybeans were setting pods or beyond by August 30, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Leaf drop advanced to 9 percent complete nationally by August 30, four percentage points ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, progress was most advanced in the Mississippi Delta with 58 percent of the crop dropping leaves in Louisiana and 44 percent dropping leaves in Mississippi, both 15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 63 percent of the soybean crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, unchanged from August 2 but 9 percentage points below the same time last year.

By August 2, producers had harvested 93 percent of the 2015 winter wheat crop, 4 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. With favorable weather supporting rapid fieldwork in areas where winter wheat remained in the field, producers had harvested 97 percent of the Nation's crop by August 9. This was 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 7 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Only two of the 18 estimating States had harvested less than 90 percent of the winter wheat crop by the end of the first week of the month.

Nationally, 92 percent of the cotton was at or beyond the squaring stage by August 2, two percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. By August 2, bolls were setting on 57 percent of the Nation's crop, 8 percentage points behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-three percent of the cotton was setting bolls by August 16, fourteen percentage points behind last year and 15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 10 percent of the cotton had open bolls by August 16, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-four percent of the Nation's cotton crop was setting bolls or beyond by August 30, slightly behind last year and 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 30, open bolls were evident in 22 percent of the Nation's cotton fields, 7 percentage points behind last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Cotton in areas of the High and Low Plains of Texas continued to develop, with some producers in areas of the Blacklands starting to harvest by the end of the month. Overall, 54 percent of the cotton crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, down 3 percentage points from the beginning of the month but 4 percentage points better than the same time last year.

By August 2, fifty-seven percent of the Nation's sorghum was at or beyond the heading stage, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 29 percent of this year's crop was at or beyond the coloring stage on August 2, five percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. By August 9, seventy-two percent of the sorghum was at or beyond the heading stage, 8 percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Sorghum heading progress was behind the 5-year average at the end of the first week of the month in Arkansas, Illinois, and New Mexico. Nationally, 32 percent of the sorghum was at or beyond the coloring stage on August 9, six percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Heading of this year's sorghum was 90 percent complete by August 23, five percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, coloring advanced to 48 percent complete by August 23, three percentage points behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 27 percent of the sorghum was reported as mature by August 23, seven percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Texas producers had harvested 45 percent of the State's sorghum acreage by August 23, fifteen percentage points behind last year and 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 30, ninety-five percent of the Nation's crop was at or beyond the heading stage, 4 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 58 percent of this year's sorghum crop was at or beyond the coloring stage by August 30, two percentage points behind last year but 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-nine percent of the crop was mature by month's end, 8 percentage points behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Harvest advanced slowly, with activity at the end of the month limited to portions of the southern Great Plains and the Mississippi Delta. By August 30, producers had harvested 15 percent of the Nation's crop, 10 percentage points behind last year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the sorghum crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, unchanged from August 2 but 11 percentage points better than the same time last year.

Heading of the Nation's rice advanced to 63 percent complete by August 2, six percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Heading progress was ahead of average at the beginning of the month in all of the major rice-producing States except Texas. By August 16, eighty-eight percent of the rice was at or beyond the heading stage, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, 13 percent of the rice was harvested by August 16, seven percentage points ahead of last year and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. The Nation's rice crop was 97 percent headed by August 30, equal to last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By the end of the month, 26 percent of the Nation's rice crop was harvested, 10 percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced 20 percentage points during the final week of the month in Texas and 12 percentage points in Mississippi. Overall, 66 percent of the rice crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, compared with 70 percent on August 2 and 74 percent at the same time last year.

Eighty-eight percent of the peanut crop was pegging by August 2, two percentage points behind last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By August 9, ninety-four percent of the peanut crop was pegging, equal to the same time last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 16, ninety-seven percent of the peanuts were pegging, the same as last year but slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 74 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition on August 30, compared with 75 percent on August 2 and 60 percent at the same time last year. The peanut harvest started in Mississippi during the second half of the month, estimated at 5 percent complete by August 30.

Oat producers had harvested 43 percent of this year's crop by August 2, five percentage points ahead of last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Producers had harvested 62 percent of the Nation's oat crop by August 9, twelve percentage points ahead of last year and equal to the 5-year average. Overall, 68 percent of the oats were reported in good to excellent condition on August 9, unchanged from the beginning of the month, but 5 percentage points better than the same time last year. By August 23, ninety percent of the oat crop was harvested, 17 percentage points ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. An additional 26 percent of the crop was harvested during the third week of the month in North Dakota, where harvest was estimated at 78 percent complete on August 23. Ninety-five percent of the Nation's oat crop was harvested by August 30, sixteen percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By August 2, barley producers had harvested 17 percent of the Nation's crop, 9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 66 percent of the barley was reported in good to excellent condition on August 9, down 2 percentage points from the beginning of the month but slightly above the same time last year. By August 16, barley producers had harvested 66 percent of this year's crop, 37 percentage points ahead of last year and 34 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 30, barley producers had harvested 93 percent of this year's crop, 37 percentage points ahead of last year and 26 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress was 95 percent or more complete in Minnesota, North Dakota, and Washington by the end of the month.

Eight percent of the spring wheat was harvested by August 2, five percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Twenty-eight percent of the spring wheat was harvested by August 9, twenty-two percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest began in North Dakota during the first week of the month, while progress in Washington was 61 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average on August 9. Overall, 70 percent of the spring wheat was reported in good to excellent condition on August 16, unchanged from August 2 but 2 percentage points better than the same time last year. By August 23, spring wheat producers had harvested 75 percent of the Nation's crop, 49 percentage points ahead of last year and 28 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 30, eighty-eight percent of the spring wheat crop was harvested, 52 percentage points ahead of last year and 26 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Harvest progress was 36 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average in Montana and 33 percentage points ahead in Idaho by the end of the month.
 

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