Corn production is forecast at a record 13.2 billion bushels, down 2 percent
from the August forecast, but up from the previous record of 13.1 billion
bushels set in 2009. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are
expected to average 162.5 bushels per acre, down 2.5 bushels from the
previous month and 2.2 bushels below last year's record of 164.7 bushels.
Forecasted yields decreased from last month throughout much of the Corn Belt,
Tennessee Valley, and Delta. Yields were up from August in the lower portions
of the Southeast.
Soybean production is forecast at a record high 3.48 billion bushels, up
1 percent from August and 4 percent above last year. Based on September 1
conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 44.7 bushels per
acre, up 0.7 bushel from both last month and last year. Compared with last
month, yields are forecast higher or unchanged across the central and
northern Corn Belt, with the exception of Michigan.The largest increases in
yield from last month are expected in Maryland and Virginia, both up
4 bushels. With the exceptions of Louisiana and the Carolinas, yields are
forecast down across the Delta States, Southern Great Plains, and Southeast.
The largest decline from the August 1 forecast is expected in Oklahoma, down
7 bushels as drought conditions across much of the State hampered yield
expectations. If realized, the forecasted yield in Illinois, Minnesota,
Nebraska, New York, and North Dakota will be a record high. Area for harvest
in the United States is forecast at 78.0 million acres, unchanged from June
but up 2 percent from 2009.
All cotton production is forecast at 18.8 million 480-pound bales, up
2 percent from last month and up 55 percent from last year's
12.2 million bales. Yield is expected to average 839 pounds per harvested
acre, up 62 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at
18.3 million 480-pound bales, 56 percent above 2009. Yields in the Delta
region are expected to decrease from last month, while producers in Texas are
expecting increased yields. American Pima production, forecast at
497,800 bales, was carried forward from last month.
California navel orange production for the 2010-2011 season is forecast at
1.86 million tons (46.5 million boxes), up 17 percent from last season's
revised production of 1.59 million tons (42.5 million boxes). This initial
forecast is based on an objective measurement survey conducted in
California's Central Valley in July and August. Survey results show that
average fruit set per tree is above average while fruit size is below