Seven Asian Countries Battle ASF

12:44PM Aug 28, 2019
African Swine Fever
African swine fever is threatening China's massive pork industry.
( MGN )

Source: National Pork Board

Continuing its march across the continent, African swine fever (ASF) now has claimed its seventh Asian country, Myanmar, which is west of most previous known cases. If you include the Asian portion of Russia in this count, there are eight Asian countries battling ASF. According to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), two far eastern provinces (not far from the Chinese border) have recently reported new cases of the disease on farms. While ASF had been found in eastern Russia before, these provinces had not reported cases previously. This marks the first cases in Eastern Russia since late 2017.  

Myanmar
In the recent United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) report, the ministry of agriculture, livestock and irrigation confirmed that the country’s first ASF outbreak occurred in a village in Mongla Township, Kengtung District, Shan State, on Aug. 1. This is in the northeast part of the country near the Chinese border. From there, new ASF outbreaks occurred in Panghseng, Matman District, and Mong Yawng, Tachileik, Shan State, on Aug. 10 and 11, respectively, also in the northeast [reference1reference2].

Mongolia
Since its first report on Jan. 15, 2019, 11 outbreaks in six provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, involving 105 farms/households. More than 3,115 pigs, more than 10% of the total pig population in Mongolia, have died/been destroyed due to the ASF outbreaks.

North Korea
The ministry of agriculture confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Chagang-Do in the northwestern part of the country on May 23, 2019.

China
Since the ministry of agriculture and rural affairs confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Liaoning province on Aug. 3, 2018, 154 ASF outbreaks have been detected in 32 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities/special administrative regions. More than 1.17 million pigs have been culled in an effort to halt further spread. Also, in mid-August the government released statistics showing a 32.2% decrease in the number of live pigs and a 31.9% reduction of breeding sows in China for July 2019 compared with the same period last year.

Vietnam
Since the ministry of agriculture and rural development confirmed its first ASF outbreak on Feb. 19, 2019, a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, with more than 4 million pigs culled.

Laos
The ministry of agriculture and forestry confirmed its first ASF outbreak in Toumlan District, Salavane province, on June 20, 2019. ASF outbreaks were reported in six provinces/cities, including in Phongsaly Xiengkhong, Huaphanh and Phongsaly provinces in July.

Cambodia
Since the ministry of agriculture forestry and fisheries confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Ratanakiri province on April 2, 2019, ASF outbreaks were detected in five provinces. New outbreaks in Kandal province were reported in mid-July. Subsequently, the Cambodian prime minister issued a paper on preventive measures of illegal imports of pig and all kinds of pork-origin products.

For more on ASF, visit the National Pork Board's latest Foreign Animal Disease Preparation Bulletin.

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