Several States Cite Need for More Rain in Weekly Condition Updates

July 29, 2013 10:38 AM
 

Below we use USDA's weekly crop condition ratings to calculate our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for corn declined nearly 2 points from last week, thanks to declines in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota and Wisconsin. The CCI for soybeans fell nearly a point, as ratings of most Midwest states, with the exception of Ohio and Indiana, held steady or declined. The condition of both crops is still well above last year's pitiful ratings, however.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

7/28/13

7/21/13

7/29/12

Colorado *(1.38%)

4.42
4.36
3.44

Illinois (14.56%)

53.71
54.58

30.76

Indiana (6.56%)

26.04
26.24

14.31

Iowa (17.95%)

62.09
62.63

47.00

Kansas (3.96%)

11.92
11.65
9.07

Kentucky (1.23%)

5.17
5.11

2.53

Michigan (2.72%)

10.44
10.31

6.30

Minnesota (10.87%)

39.56
39.34

34.22

Missouri (2.72%)

9.02
8.96

5.20

Nebraska (12.08%)

43.47
44.32
34.20

N. Carolina (0.68%)

2.69
2.75

2.16

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.24
9.39

6.03

Ohio (4.19%)

16.92
16.67

10.35

Pennsylvania
(1.0%)

4.20
4.17

3.22

S. Dakota (4.94%)

19.12
19.12

13.65

Tennessee (0.71%)

2.94
2.87

1.60

Texas (1.8%)

6.45
6.38

6.25

Wisconsin (3.99%)

14.56
14.72

10.77

Corn total

364.59

366.29

254.86

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Soybeans

7/28/13

7/21/13

7/29/12

Arkansas *(3.67%)

13.73
13.85
12.24

Illinois (13.47%)

50.58
50.71

30.44

Indiana (7.83%)

29.94
29.79

18.80

Iowa
(14.86%)

51.38
52.11

41.62

Kansas (4.10%)

11.41
11.21
9.15

Kentucky (1.78%)

7.08
6.98

4.32

Louisiana (1.16%)

5.09
5.05

4.26

Michigan (2.60%)

10.35
10.02

7.58

Minnesota (9.07%)

35.06
35.06

31.66

Mississippi (2.60%)

9.93
10.43
9.50

Missouri (6.47%)

19.55
19.49

13.01

Nebraska (8.06%)

28.24
28.24

21.85

N. Carolina (1.44%)

5.33
5.49

5.12

N. Dakota (3.77%)

16.28
16.32

13.18

Ohio
(6.75%)

25.88
25.67

18.57

S. Dakota (4.97%)

17.99
18.32

15.10

Tennessee (1.57%)

1.00
1.00

1.00

Wisconsin (2.27%)

8.88
9.00

6.98

Soybean total

360.84
361.91

274.13

* denotes percentage of total national corn/soybean production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Iowa: Iowa farmers received a reprieve from hot weather during the week ending July 28, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Although rainfall lessened moisture concerns in some areas, crops were still in need of additional precipitation, especially in western Iowa, which received the least amount of rain. Statewide there was an average of 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Forty-nine percent of topsoil was in the adequate and surplus moisture categories, an increase of 6 percentage points from the previous week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 15% very short, 36% short, 47% adequate and 2% surplus. The rain was not significant enough to impact subsoil moisture ratings, which continued to decline. A total of 60% of subsoil was in the adequate and surplus categories, down 6 percentage points from last week. Subsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 32% short, 58% adequate and 2% surplus.

Seventy-four percent of the corn crop has tasseled, well behind last year's 99% and the five-year average of 88%. Half of the corn crop was silking, lagging behind last year's 96% and the normal 77%. Five percent of the corn crop has reached the milk stage. Corn condition was rated 4% very poor, 11% poor, 32% fair, 41% good and 12% excellent.

Sixty-three percent of the soybean crop was blooming, behind last year's 92% and the five-year average of 83%. Pods were being set on 14% of the soybean crop, trailing last year's 54% and the normal 43%. Soybeans condition was rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 41% good and 12% excellent.

Illinois: Rain and cool temperatures continue to benefit corn and soybeans. Isolated portions of Central Illinois still need more rain while areas of Southeastern Illinois received too much. The temperatures across the state averaged 68.8 degrees for the week, 6.5 degrees below normal. There were 6.0 days suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture across the state was rated as 2% very short, 25% short, 69% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn conditions were rated as 2% very poor, 7% poor, 27% fair, 48% good, and 16% excellent. Soybeans blooming progressed to 65% with soybean conditions rated as 2% very poor, 5% poor, 22% fair, 58% good, and 13% excellent. Activities included spraying fungicides, mowing pastures and roadsides, and baling hay.

Minnesota: Minnesota farmers received a break from hot weather during the week ending July 28, 2013 according to the USDA, NASS. Statewide, temperatures for the week averaged 6.7 degrees below average. Drier-than-normal weather in the southern two-thirds of the state reduced topsoil and subsoil moisture to 26% and 21% short to very short, respectively. With more than two inches of rain, North Central Minnesota was the only district in the state with significantly more moisture than average. Despite the cooler weather, 5.9 days were suitable for fieldwork last week.

Sixty percent of corn was at or beyond the silking stage, an advancement of 41 percentage points from the previous week. Corn stalks grew 12 inches to an average height of 71 inches. Corn conditions declined slightly to 62% good or excellent.

Sixty-eight percent of the soybeans were at or beyond the blooming stage, behind last year's 93% and the five year average of 77%. Twelve percent of soybeans were setting pods, 18 percentage points behind normal. Soybean plants were an average of 20 inches tall. Soybean conditions declined slightly to 63% good or excellent.

Indiana: Cooler temperatures and spotty rain showers brought some relief to crops and livestock during the week, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA's NASS. Areas that have missed the recent rains are becoming dry forcing farmers to run irrigation systems. The cooler temperatures should be beneficial to the corn crop as a large percentage of the acreage was pollinating during the week. Crop dusters were busy applying fungicides to corn fields across the state.

There were 5.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Eighty-two percent of the corn acreage has silked compared with 96% last year and 78% for the five-year average. Corn condition declined slightly and is rated 76% good to excellent compared with 9% last year at this time.

Seventy-two percent of the soybean acreage is blooming compared with 87% last year and 68% for the five-year average. Thirty-five percent of the soybean acreage is setting pods compared with 48% last year and 27% for the five-year average. Soybean condition is rated 74% good to excellent compared with 16% last year at this time.

South Dakota: For the week ending July 28, 2013, cooler than normal temperatures closed out the week, according to the USDA's NASS. The corn crop is looking very good in many areas of the state, though timely rains are needed to meet yield potential as it moves into the reproductive stages. Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 24% short, 65% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 26% short, 63% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn silking was 69%, behind 78% last year but ahead of 45% average. Dough was 4%, behind 16% last year but near 5% average. Condition rated 2% very poor, 3% poor, 22% fair, 52% good, and 21% excellent.

Soybean blooming was 74%, behind last year's 90% and 77% average. Setting pods were 19%, behind 49%last year and 26% average. Condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 52% good and 16% excellent.

Ohio: There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending July 28, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Cool weather and spotty rains, especially in the more southern parts of the State, were generally beneficial to both corn and soybeans. Although there are a limited number of fields starting to show signs of yellowing due to continued rainfall, overall crop conditions are very good at the moment. Spraying of fungicides is underway statewide.


 

 palmer072713

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