According to USDA’s weekly Crop Progress and Condition report, most crops are developing on pace with the five-year rolling average. Conditions in general haven’t changed much from last week.
Most notable is wheat. Spring wheat is slightly behind in heading (52% versus 57% average) but is in far better condition than last year, with 83% Good or Excellent this year compared with 72%. Another 15% is Fair.
Winter wheat harvesting is roughly average at 54%, while 63% is rated Good or Excellent, compared with only 47% in 2009. Only 11% of winter wheat is Poor or Very Poor versus 27% last year.
Rice condition also is much better than last year: 72% Good or Excellent versus 55%. The average heading for this time is 9%; this year, 13% is already heading.
Likewise, sorghum is rated 71% Good or Excellent, up from 51% last year. At 25%, heading is average.
Cotton is in much better condition than a year ago, with 65% Good or Excellent compared with 42%. Cotton squaring is ahead of average, at 64% versus 55%; boll setting is average at 15%.
Corn, with 71% Good or Excellent, is the same as last year. However, that’s down 2% from last week, with Poor or Very Poor at 10%, up from 8% last week. Hardest hit is North Carolina at 30% in those bottom categories, followed by Missouri (22%) and Pennsylvania (14%).
Soybean bloom is 23%, a few points above average. Condition is unchanged from last year, at 66% Good or Excellent. Rain has taken its toll in Louisiana, North Carolina, Nebraska and Mississippi, ranging from 14% to 19% Poor or Very Poor.