Spring Wheat Condition Declines Despite Scattered Rain

August 12, 2013 10:43 AM



Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The data shows spring wheat condition fell 2.69 points during the report week to 365.41 but remains ahead of year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat




Idaho *(8.56%)


Minnesota (14.19%)




Montana (16.98%)




N. Dakota




S. Dakota




Washington (5.94%)




Spring wheat total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending August 11, 2013, rainfall amounts were variable across the state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, most areas were in need of significant moisture soon as crops are showing signs of stress. Average temperatures remained cool across the state last week as they were 4 to 10 degrees below normal. The cooler weather has helped to maintain the crops and reduce stress but has also slowed row crop maturity. Statewide, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 35 short, 54 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 31 short, 6 0 adequate , and 4 surplus. Spring wheat turning color was 73 percent, behind last year at 100 and 78 average. Ripe was 21 percent. Harvested was 2 percent, well behind last year’s 71 and 23 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 62 good, and 9 excellent.

Montana: During the week ending August 11 much of Montana saw a continued pattern of summery days with isolated thunderstorms. Sidney received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2.06 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving none to 1.51 inches of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the lower 80s to lower 90s, with the state-wide high temperature of 94 degrees recorded at Livingston, Superior, and Thompson Falls. A majority of stations reported lows in the lower 30s to the lower 50s with the coldest being Wisdom at 30 degrees. Topsoil moisture is 55 percent adequate and surplus compared with 17 percent last year and the 5 year average of 46 percent. Subsoil moisture was 60 percent adequate and surplus compared to 24 percent last year and the 5 year average of 47 percent. The weather outlook for August 19th through August 25th is for above normal temperatures and above normal precipitation east of the Continental Divide. West of the Divide can expect above normal temperatures and below normal precipitation. Normal temperatures for this period in Montana are highs in the upper 70s to the upper 80s with lows in the upper 30s to the upper 50s.

Minnesota: Welcome precipitation in Minnesota kept soil moisture levels mostly adequate during the week ending August 11, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures continued trending cooler than normal with a statewide average temperature of 64.1 degrees. There were still 5.7 days of suitable field work statewide, despite the rainfall early in the week. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels were 65 and 69 percent adequate to surplus, respectively. The South Central district was the wettest region, with an average of 1.29 inches of rain reported. Eighty-three percent of the spring wheat crop was turning ripe, behind the average of 85 percent. Spring wheat conditions remained at 63 percent good or excellent.

South Dakota: For the week ending August 11, 2013, below normal temperatures statewide were accompanied by precipitation across western and southern South Dakota, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer temperatures are needed to advance crop development. Statewide, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 28 short, 65 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 30 short, 60 adequate, and 4 surplus. Spring wheat ripe was 71 percent, well behind 100 last year and 91 average. Harvested were 21 percent, also well behind 99 last year and 61 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 17 poor, 40 fair, 36 good, and 5 excellent.




Back to news


Spell Check

No comments have been posted to this News Article

Corn College TV Education Series


Get nearly 8 hours of educational video with Farm Journal's top agronomists. Produced in the field and neatly organized by topic, from spring prep to post-harvest. Order now!


Market Data provided by QTInfo.com
Brought to you by Beyer