Spring Wheat Condition Declines Marginally Amid Dry Weather

July 29, 2013 10:39 AM
 

 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The data shows that the condition of the crop at 370.85 -- 8.47 above the same time last year but 0.33 points below week-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

7/28/13

7/21/13

7/29/12

Idaho *(8.56%)

32.43
31.84
31.65

Minnesota (14.19%)

51.09

52.37

51.69

Montana (16.98%)

62.64

64.00

52.11

N. Dakota
(43.48%)

166.98

164.80

168.65

S. Dakota
(8.61%)

28.84

29.18

29.89

Washington (5.94%)

20.55

20.67

19.89

Spring wheat total

370.85

371.18

362.38

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending July 28, 2013, cooler temperatures across the state last week were beneficial for small grains but the lack of moisture is starting to be detrimental for all crops, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. With temperatures last week averaging 4 to 10 degrees below normal, row crop development was at or behind normal pace and warmer temperatures are needed. Crops in many areas of the state are stressed by the lack of moisture and rainfall is needed soon to improve crop development. Statewide, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 30 short, 58 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 perce nt very short, 22 short, 68 adequate, and 7 surplus. Spring wheat h ead ed was 93 percent, behind 100 last year but near 95 average. Turning color was 32 percent, well behind last year at 92 and 45 average. Ripe was 2 percent . Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 13 excellent.

Montana: The week ending July 29 was hot and dry with an occasional thunderstorm for most of Montana. Chinook and Harlem received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 1.29 inches of moisture apiece. Most other stations reported receiving none to 1.00 inch of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the upper 70s to high 90s, with the state-wide high temperature of 99 degrees recorded at Superior. A majority of stations reported lows in the upper 30s to the low 50s with the coldest being W isdom at 30 degrees . Both topsoil and subsoil moisture ratings were lower than last week, but continue to be better last year and the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture is 44 percent adequate and surplus compared with 19 percent last year and the 5 year average of 44 percent. Subsoil moisture was 50 percent adequate and surplus compared to 34 percent last year and the 5 year average of 52 percent.

Minnesota: Minnesota farmers received a break from hot weather during the week ending July 28, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, temperatures for the week averaged 6.7 degrees below average. Drier than normal weather in the southern two-thirds of the state reduced topsoil and subsoil moisture to 26 and 21 percent short to very short, respectively. With more than two inches of rain, North Central Minnesota was the only district in the state with significantly more moisture than average. Despite the cooler weather, 5.9 days were suitable for field work last week. Forty-two percent of spring wheat was turning ripe, compared to last year's 99 percent and the average of 62 percent. Spring wheat condition declined to 61 percent good or excellent. There were scattered reports of small grains being harvested in Minnesota.

South Dakota: For the week ending July 28, 2013, cooler than normal temperatures closed out the week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service . The corn crop is looking very good in many areas of the state, though timely rains are needed to meet yield potential as it moves into the reproductive stages. Wheat harvest continues to gain momentum . Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 24 short, 65 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 26 short, 63 adequate, and 4 surplus. Winter wheat turning color was 99 percent, behind 100 last year and average. Ripe was 72 percent, behind 100 last year and 92 average. Harvested were 21 percent, well behind 100 last year and 60 average.

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