Spring Wheat Condition Declines Slightly As Temperatures Rise

July 22, 2013 10:57 AM
 

 

 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The data shows that the condition of the crop declined by 2.36 points from last week to 371.18 points, which compares to 358.41 at the same time last year.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

7/21/13

7/14/13

7/22/12

Idaho *(8.56%)

31.84
31.66
30.80

Minnesota (14.19%)

52.37

51.51

50.98

Montana (16.98%)

64.00

65.02

51.81

N. Dakota
(43.48%)

164.80

166.11

165.10

S. Dakota
(8.61%)

29.18

30.30

29.89

Washington (5.94%)

20.67

20.55

21.43

Spring wheat total

371.18

373.54

358.41

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending July 21, 2013, continued dry and above normal temperatures across much of the state pushed development of all crops, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service . However, some areas in the northern part of the state received enough precipitation to halt all fieldwork activities. The areas across the state lacking moisture are in need of rainfall as crops are starting to show some stress. Statewide, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 23 short, 62 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 71 adequate, and 9 surplus. Spring wheat jointed was at 95 percent, behind last year at 100 and 100 average. Headed was 82 percent, behind 100 last year and 88 average. Turning color was 11 percent, well behind last year at 75 and 27 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 57 good, and 14 excellent.

Montana: The weather during the week ending July 22nd continued to be hot throughout the State with some scattered storms. Bredette received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2.10 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving none to 1.01 inch es of precipitation . High temperatures ranged from the upper 80s to high 90s, with the state-wide high temperature of 100 degrees recorded at Roundup . A majority of stations reported lows in the mid 40s to the low 50s with the coldest being Wisdom at 31 degrees.

Minnesota: Warm weather advanced crop development in Minnesota during the week ending July 21, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. The National Weather Service issued multiple heat advisories statewide and later in the week announced flood warnings in the northeast part of the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies remained mostly adequate. Temperatures averaged 4.0 degrees above normal at 74.1 degrees statewide. A statewide weekly average of 0.78 inches of rain fell, with the Northeast region receiving the most rain at 1.85 inches. Six days were suitable for field work last week, compared to last year’s 6.3 days. Barley and spring wheat have nearly finished heading at 97 and 96 percent, respectively. Spring wheat conditions improved to 65 percent good or excellent.

South Dakota: For the week ending July 21, 2013, scattered rain showers and above normal temperatures continued to advance crop development last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Major activities for the week included haying and spraying of row crops. Statewide, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 21 short, 70 adequate , and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 23 short, 65 adequate, and 6 surplus. Spring wheat turning color was 69 percent, behind 100 last year but ahead of 67 average. Ripe was 3 percent, well behind 91 last year and 27 average. Condition rated 6 percent very poor, 7 poor, 36 fair, 44 good, and 7 excellent.

07 22 13 Palmer Drought Index07 22 13 Palmer Precip Needed

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