Spring Wheat Condition Improves Amid Heavy Precipitation

03:35PM Jun 24, 2013
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Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for spring wheat stands at 373.13.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat




Idaho *(8.56%)


Minnesota (14.19%)




Montana (16.98%)




N. Dakota




S. Dakota




Washington (5.94%)




Spring wheat total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 23, 2013, strong storms late in the week in the central and eastern portions of the state caused localized flooding and crop damage, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. The additional precipitation brought the small amount of planting that was still occurring essentially to a close for many crops. Statewide, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies were rated 99 and 98 percent adequate to surplus, respectively. Other activities that occurred during the week included haying and applying pesticides. Spring wheat seeding was 91 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and 98 average. Emerged was 79 percent, behind last year at 100 and 96 average. Jointed was at 21 percent, behind last year at 97 and 61 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 60 good, and 15 excellent.

Montana: During the week ending June 24 Montana saw unsettled weather with warm, sunny conditions one day and severe thunderstorms with hail the next. Albion received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2.39 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving 0.04 to 2.27 inches of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the upper 70s to the lower 90s, with the state-wide high temperature of 91 degrees recorded at Miles City. A majority of stations reported lows in the mid 20s to the lower 50s, the coldest being Polson and West Yellowstone at 25 degrees, followed by Cooke City with 27 degrees. Topsoil moisture adequate and surplus is 90 percent compared with 65 percent last year and the 5 year average of 79 percent. Subsoil moisture was 80 percent adequate and surplus compared to 67 percent last year and the 5 year average of 76 percent. Spring wheat development is also ahead of normal for emergence with 98 percent emerged.

Minnesota: USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Wet conditions continued to delay crop progress behind the five year average for Minnesota farmers during the week ending June 23, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 3.8 days suitable for field work, up slightly when compared to last week’s 3.6 days and last year’s 3.7 days. Statewide temperatures were 2.2 degrees above normal and precipitation was 1.56 inches above normal for last week. The Central district had the greatest average amount of precipitation at 3.80 inches. Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also increased to 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus. Nearly half of spring wheat was at or beyond the joint stage, compared to 100 percent last year and the 69 percent average. Spring wheat condition improved to 63 percent good or excellent.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 23, 2013, scattered rain showers and above normal temperatures helped advance crop development in most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 9 short, 74 adequate, and 17 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 72 adequate, and 8 surplus. Major farm activities included spraying for weeds and cutting hay. Spring wheat jointed was at 75 percent, behind 2012 at 99 and 81 average. Headed was at 22 percent, also behind last year at 94 and 46 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 52 good, and 9 excellent.