Spring Wheat Crop Begins Season Rated Below Year-Ago

June 3, 2013 10:43 AM


Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for spring wheat stands at 363.01, 25.21 points below year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat


Last week


Idaho *(8.56%)


Minnesota (14.19%)




Montana (16.98%)




N. Dakota




S. Dakota




Washington (5.94%)




Spring wheat total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 2, 2013, continued wet weather either halted or slowed the amount of planting progress made last week, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. Many reports suggested that if warmer and drier conditions aren't experienced soon, producers in many areas of the state will have some amounts of prevented plantings this year. Some acres that did get planted are reported to have emerged well and doing fine. However, other areas have crops not yet emerged due to crusting and flooding issues. Warmer, drier weather is needed across the state to help crop growth and development. Statewide, on average, there were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 56 adequate and 43 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 0 percent very short, 6 short, 71 adequate and 23 surplus. Spring wheat seeding was 64 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and 89 average. Spring wheat was 42 percent emerged, behind last year at 99 and 73 average. Condition rated 7 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 52 good, and 16 excellent.

Montana: Cool weather and heavy rains continued to prevail in the state of Montana during the week ending June 3. Hysham received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 5.23 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving 0.17 to 5.12 inches of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the lower 60s to the upper 70s, with the state-wide high temperature of 79 degrees recorded at Jordan, Miles City, Nashua, and Plentywood. Topsoil moisture adequate and surplus is 93 percent compared with 75 percent last year and the 5 year average of 85 percent. Subsoil moisture was 73 percent adequate and surplus compared to 69 percent last year and the 5 year average of 77 percent. The weather outlook for June 10th through June 16th is for above normal temperatures and above normal precipitation east of the Great Divide. West of the Divide can expect above normal temperatures and below normal precipitation. Normal temperatures for this period in Montana are highs in the mid 60s to the upper 70s, with lows in the mid 30s to the lower 50s. Winter wheat continues to develop behind last year and the 5 year average with 21 percent in boot stage.

Minnesota: Cool and wet weather prevailed again in Minnesota for the week ending June 2 , 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Standing water and muddy fields continued to hamper field work while earlier planted crops emerged in better drained areas. Statewide temperatures averaged 1.1 degrees below normal, with rainfall 0.34 inches above normal. There was a statewide average of 2.2 days rated suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 35 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also improved to 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Spring wheat planting was 92 percent planted, compared with 100 percent last year and the average of 97 percent. Seventy-five percent of the spring wheat crop has emerged, 42 percentage points ahead of last week, which is the most notable change to any small grains. Spring wheat condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 2 , 2013, producers made little planting progress last week due to cool wet conditions, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 2. 1 days suitable for fieldwork . Some acres of winter wheat with thin stands are reportedly being re-seeded to row crops. Topsoil moisture supplies improved with 0 percent rated very short, 6 short, 81 adequate and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies improved and rated 4 percent very short, 25 short, 66 adequate and 5 surplus. Spring wheat emerged was 95 percent, behind last year at 100 and near 96 average. Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor , 33 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. palmer060313addpcp060313


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