Spring Wheat Crop Condition Improves

June 17, 2013 10:52 AM



Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for spring wheat stands at 367.02.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat




Idaho *(8.56%)


Minnesota (14.19%)




Montana (16.98%)




N. Dakota




S. Dakota




Washington (5.94%)




Spring wheat total




(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 16 , 2013, warmer and drier weather conditions last week allowed producers to attempt getting the last of their crops planted, according to the USDA ’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. Even though many areas of the state received some precipitation early in the week, windy conditions the rest of the week dried s oils and allowed producers back in their fields earlier than expected. However, many acres won’t get planted because of the persistent moisture received the past few weeks. State wide, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies were greater than 9 7 percent in the adequate to surplus range. There are reports of alfalfa weevils around the state and agronomists are recommending either cutting within 10 days or spraying if harvest is to occur at a later date. When conditions allow, producers are also busy spraying their emerged crops. Spring wheat seeding was 86 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and 9 6 average. Emerged was 74 percent, behind last year at 100 and 92 average. Jointed was at 11 percent, behind last year at 88 and 43 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 64 good, and 12 excellent.

Montana: The week ending June 16 was cool and wet for all but the last couple days when summer-like conditions returned across much of Montana . Harlowton received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2.46 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving 0.05 to 2.18 inches of precipitation . High temperatures ranged from the mid 70s to 90 degrees, with the state-wide high temperature of 90 degrees recorded at Livingston. A majority of stations reported lows in the mid 20s to the upper 40s, the coldest being Wisdom at 24 degrees, followed by Cooke City with 26 degrees. Topsoil moisture adequate and surplus is 86 percent compared with 69 percent last year and the 5 year average of 81 percent. Subsoil moisture was 77 percent adequate and surplus compared to 67 percent last year and the 5 year average of 76 percent. Spring wheat development is also behind last year with 86 percent emerged and 6 percent in boot stage.

Minnesota: Statewide, there were 3.6 days suitable for field work, compared to 2.6 last week and 4.7 a year ago. The statewide temperature average for the week was 64.0 degrees, which is 0.5 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation totals were similar to normal at 1.06 inches of rain. Topsoil moisture supplies decreased to 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also decreased to 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Spring wheat emergence advanced 15 percentage points to 99 percent emerged.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 16, 2013, rain early in the week limited fieldwork in some areas, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 81 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 22 short, 72 adequate, and 4 surplus. Range and pasture conditions continue to improve due to the wet and cooler than normal weather. Major farm activities included finishing up planting, spraying for weeds and beginning to cut alfalfa. Spring wheat jointed was at 56 percent, behind 2012 at 96 and 62 average. Headed was at 18 percent, also behind last year at 76 and 28 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 31 fair, 55 good, and 9 excellent.



Back to news


Spell Check

No comments have been posted to this News Article

Corn College TV Education Series


Get nearly 8 hours of educational video with Farm Journal's top agronomists. Produced in the field and neatly organized by topic, from spring prep to post-harvest. Order now!


Market Data provided by QTInfo.com
Brought to you by Beyer