Spring Wheat Crop Condition Remains Below Year-Ago

June 10, 2013 10:31 AM
 

 

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The Pro Farmer CCI for spring wheat stands at 361.54 -- 25.77 below last year at this time.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

6/09/13

6/02/13

6/10/12

Idaho *(8.56%)

31.84
32.26
31.14

Minnesota (14.19%)

49.24

50.24

53.12

Montana (16.98%)

59.92

61.45

55.27

N. Dakota
(43.48%)

162.20

159.15

180.63

S. Dakota
(8.61%)

31.16

31.33

37.61

Washington (5.94%)

19.06

20.43

20.46

Spring wheat total

361.54

363.01

387.31

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 9 , 2013, rain continued to cause problems by either halting or slowing planting progress last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. Statewide, on average, there were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Persistent moisture the past few weeks has left standing water in many fields around the state and no crops will be planted on those fields as a result. For some crops that did get planted, there are reports of crops emerging well and looking good. However, other reports indicate germination problems and emerged crops have "yellowed" as a result of the cool, wet weather conditions. Warmer, drier weather is needed across the state to help crop growth and development. Topsoil moisture supplies were 99 percent in the adequate to surplus range, while subsoil moisture supplies were 96 percent adequate to surplus. Spring wheat seeding wa s 77 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and 94 average. Emerged was 58 percent, behind last year at 100 and 85 average. Condition rated 3 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 55 good, and 14 excellent.

Montana: Much of Montana had hot days and mild nights for the week ending June 9. Lewistown received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2.84 inches of moisture. Most other stations reported receiving 0. 01 to 2.48 inches of precipitation. High temperatures ranged from the mid 70s to the upper 80s, with the state-wide high temperature of 87 degrees recorded at Roundup. The weather outlook for June 17th through June 23rd is for near normal temperatures and above normal precipitation both east and west of the Great Divide. Normal temperatures for this period in Montana are highs in the upper 60s to the upper 70s, with lows in the mid 30s to the lower 50s. Spring wheat condition is off to a good start with 59 percent and has begun to enter boot stage.

Minnesota: Wet conditions in Minnesota continued to hamper field work for the week ending June 9, 2013 according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were just 2.6 days rated suitable for fieldwork statewide. Statewide average temperatures were 6.6 degrees below normal. The Central District showed the greatest deviation from normal temperatures at 8.1 degrees below normal. Topsoil moisture supplies increased to 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 39 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies also increased to 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus.

South Dakota: For the week ending June 9, 2013, wet and cool conditions continued again this week limiting fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, South Dakota Field Office. Statewide, there were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork. The cool conditions also slowed crop growth and development. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 79 adequate, and 16 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 20 short, 73 adequate, and 5 surplus. Hay and pasture supplies saw improvement with the recent precipitation , but could use some warm temperatures. Major farm activities included spraying for weeds and fertilizer applications. Spring wheat jointed was at 29 percent, behind 2012 at 91 and 39 average. Headed was at 13 percent, also behind last year at 50, but equal to 13 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 35 fair, 48 good, and 11 excellent.

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